‘’Having a conceptual nursing model to practice may enable nurses to gather a detailed database that identifies actual and potential healthcare problems’’ (Capers, 1986). The grid, checklist format is a simple, fast and straightforward assessment guide and can be very useful in practice. Any given ward or healthcare environment may choose to implement a nursing model to guide its practice and philosophy. The theoretical framework of Orem’s model can aid knowledge based practice (Anonymous, 2010). As the model encompasses all aspects of the nursing process and acknowledges deficits that are not only a problem at ward level , but for the person post discharges , it is helpful in delivery quality, holistic, care from admission to discharge, allowing for discharge planning.
Sister Callista Roy states that the adaptive theory states that humans are biopsychosocial beings existing within an environment. Needs are created within interrelated adaptive modes such as physiological self-concept, role function and interdependence.There are many theories that could work and none of them are wring, but for this one adaptive nurses would be more helpful. Each patient is different and should be cared based on the individual needs of the particular patient. Roy’s adaptation theory is made up of four main components which are the person, health, environment and nursing. The person, who is describes as a bio-psycho-social being in constant contact with a changing environment.
Adaptability is one key feature that humans have throughout their lives that separates us from other animals. Many people have a hard time adapting to certain situations without any aids so the introduction of newer technologies gives more people the ability to adapt to different situations at hand. Cathy Davidson brings this up in her essay, “Project Classroom Makeover” where she talks about the implementation of technology in the classroom and the power that computers have on the development of individuals. She also discusses mainly how technology has advanced with her program showing how technologies can be applied in different ways. Daniel Gilbert furthers the points about how people can adapt to different situations in his essay “Immune to Reality.” Gilbert also furthers his reasons about how people learn to adapt with the stimuli that lie around them.
Nursing Theorists and their Theory 1.Florence Nightingale- Nightingale’s theory of the Environment is mainly focused on the environment, she believed that, the environment has a great importance that can be used to improve and encourage healing. With proper ventilation, clean air, lack of noise , proper lighting, and adequate elimination of waste. Are a few factors she believed and can be observed and maintained. 2.Sister Calista Roy- Roy’s Theory is based on, in which the individual views biopsychosocial being, in which a person adapt with the constant change of the environment. She believes nursing is needed when stressors or weakened coping methods can make the persons attempts of ineffective coping mechanisms.
The model interrelates concepts in such a way as to create a different way of looking at a particular phenomenon. The theory is relatively simple, but generalizable to apply to a wide variety of patients. It can be used by nurses to guide and improve practice, but it must be consistent with other validated theories, laws and principles. (Kearney-Nunnery, 2012) The third and final theorist I will discuss is Callista Roy. The Adaptation Model of Nursing was developed by Sister Callista Roy in 1976.
These four concepts of the metaparadigm of nursing are more specifically “The person receiving the nursing, the environment within which the person exits, the health–illness continuum within which the person falls at the time of the interaction with the nurse, and, finally, nursing actions themselves” (Flaskerud & Holloran, 1980). A nursing model could be defined as “a picture or representation of what nursing actually is” (Pearson et al, 1996). Components of nursing are complex and as a result, many were developed. it can be said that each model of nursing offers a different way of thinking about nursing and that each presents a different way of guiding nursing practice (Murphy et al, 2010). The Model of Nursing I am going to focus on in this essay is The Roper, Logan and Teirney Nursing Model on the Activities of Daily Living (ADL 's).
Which this model focuses on tasks rather then the patient. The team nursing model has caused discontent with my facility simply because it caused a decline in my patients happiness towards their care. The two nursing models both have many different job requirements but come to a common understanding that the patients needs come first . My experience with both of the models has caused me to come to a conclusion that without a positive nursing concept or method, effective nursing strategies will not be
In 1976, Sister Callista Roy developed the Adaptation Model of Nursing, a prominent nursing theory. Nursing theories frame, explain or define the provision of nursing care. Roy's model sees the individual as a set of interrelated systems (biological, psychological and social). The individual strives to maintain a balance between these systems and the outside world, but there is no absolute level of balance. Individuals are trying to live within a changing environment in which the individual need to cope with it.
Orem affirms the theory of nursing systems defines exactly how the patient 's self-care essentials will be resolved or met by the patient or nurse (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). Orem classifies three classifications of nursing systems to encounter the self-care conditions of the patient. They are categorized as wholly compensatory system, partly compensatory system, and supportive-educative system (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). Nursing systems are a “sequence and structures of measured applied engagements of nurses to protect any disease processes, detect any abnormalities and to bring that patient back to equilibrium (Self Care Deficit Theory, 2014). A good example of this theory would be the nursing process.