In studying adolescent development, adolescence can be defined biologically, as the physical transition marked by the onset of puberty and the termination of physical growth; cognitively, as changes in the ability to think abstractly and multi-dimensionally; or socially, as a period of preparation for adult roles. Cognitive advances encompass both increases in knowledge and in the ability to think abstractly and to reason more effectively. Developmental psychologists might focus on changes in relations with parents and peers as a function of school structure and pubertal status.Therefore, as adolescents grow in maturity they also learn how to regulate their emotions which has positive and negative effects on relationship with family and friends. (a textbook of child psychology virender kumar 2012). As adolescents acquire greater conceptual complexity and participated in more varied social relationship, they begin to be able to assume an adult perspective in problem solving and decision making.
It is a period where the student develops their talents and attitudes, and trying to find what they want to do further in their life. It is a period where the need for independence arises and the peer pressure increases. Teenagers in this stage may also test their boundaries, trying new things and rebelling against authority figures, which may lead to conflicts arising. They also have a greater sense of privacy, and developing healthy relationships and strong bonds with their close friends and peers are crucial for normal, social and emotional development. Overall, the social and emotional development in teenagers in high school is a period of self-exploration and actualization, as they become more independent and self-reliant.
This can be fulfilled by punishing juvelives with the correct sentence, by seeing that they know their actions lead to consequence and they have the proper process for a teen to be tried as adult. As people might argue that teens should not be tried as adults because they are only children and they do not realize their actions;
1. HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES OF ADOLESCENT Adolescence is a developmental transition between childhood and adulthood. It is the period from puberty until full adult status has been attained. Typically, adolescence begins at puberty and ends at 18 or 21 years of age. Many authors like Greece philosophers Plato and Aristotle (forth Century B.C), they say that suggest that scientific study of Adolescent begins with reasoning (Plato) and it is a period of having ability to choose and that self-determination is a hallmark of maturity.
There is, however, initial evidence that certain comprehensive interventions show promise. Public reaction to increasing rates of youth violence has resulted in a policy initiatve that is centered on offense based punishment. As mentioned in the beginning of the paper, the policy debate regarding the juvenile delinquents at the Barrackpore West Secondary School may be futile to frame the question of what it takes to have an impat on violent juvenile offenders. In terms of whether rehabilitation or punishment is the most desirable coutse may not be an “either or” situation, but a combination of the two might be required. The intensive, comprehensive, community-based approaches may be most acceptable only when they have a clear monitoring and sanctioning component and the retributive strategies may only be workable when they incorporate treatment for selected subgroups of juvenile delinquents.
When transitioning from an adolescent to an adult, one will undergo drastic changes that allow room for the challenges and responsibilities ahead. For example, one of the largest cognitive changes that takes place in this period is the enlarging of the prefrontal cortex. This brain structure functions in decision-making, which is an essential criterion of entering adulthood. Another cognitive difference seen between adolescents and young adults is the brain's activation of the limbic system, an area that functions more towards the emotional and social sides of cognition. The overuse of this brain area during adolescence is linked with insecurities and often socioemotional distress; however, as one matures into adulthood they tend to outgrow these thought processes and develop a better sense of higher-ordered thinking.
Larson & Richards (1994) stated that adolescence has more to do with cognitive and environment factors and less to do with puberty. When it comes to cognitive development, it is different in the age group of 12 – 18 (period that falls under the larger period of adolescence) and different in the age group of 6 – 12. The former age group is more likely to make complex decisions and is faced with more choices – half of which he may not have permission to make or knowledge to carry out. This is one of the many reasons this age group suffers from ‘storm and stress’. But the same factors that cause some children distress is also what develops their
They know at the time of doing the crime that it is wrong and they still go through with they're are doing. If it is a parents problem, then they should have their children taken away from them for not teaching them the right values and not setting a good example. If we start trying our teenagers as adults then in time we will see a decrease in the amount of parents that mistreat their kids. Those parents will have learned that they have to take responsibility, even at a young age for their actions and they will teach their children that. This will cause those teenagers to know what it wrong before they ever have to learn by going to prison.
It is the family -- not schools or churches -- that initiates adolescents to societal moral codes (Onwudiwe, 2004).” Families instill their children with morals and ethics that are accepted in society, without that base, young adults are more likely to break laws and ignore social norms. A lack of education and social environment are also factors to consider as they can have negative or positive effects on an
TITLE Adolescence is an important time in a person’s life, and many things can cause it to be a stressful time where young adults are trying to find themselves and where they fit in society. One of the most stressful aspects of adolescence is the importance that adolescents place on being accepted by their group of friends and feeling like they fit in. Popularity is important throughout a person’s life, and there is a great amount of importance placed on finding the right clique or group of friends during the adolescent years. Befriending the popular group in school can boost a person’s social position, and it also gives them more power and influence. There are five pathways or routes that adolescents can take in order to be accepted by their peers, and these are conformity, achievement, participation, physical attractiveness, and deviance.