5. The sodium piece darting on the water shows that the metal is light and can float on the water 6. The brisk effervescence is a result of the hydrogen that is released 7. The water turning purple shows that an alkaline substance is formed this substance is sodium hydroxide. 8.
5 mL of 3M sodium hydroxide, 5 mL of de-ionized water, and 15 mL of hexane were added to the reaction flask and stirred. The mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel, separated into an organic layer and water layer, and then drained. The water layer was washed twice with 10 mL of hexane. The organic layer was dried
In this lab, two different titrations were performed with three different antacids to determine which brand is the most effective at the cheapest price. The antacids were ground up separately and approximately 0.2 grams of it was placed in a flask. Methyl Orange, an indicator, and a stir bar were added into the flask. The flask was then put on a stir plate which was under a buret with 0.1M hydrochloric acid. The acid was poured into the flask until there was a permanent pink colour.
The purpose of this experiment was to perform a Wittig reaction using two different methods: In method I, 250 mg aldehyde was mixed with 785 mg phosphonium salt in 5 M NaOH solvent. This mixture was stirred for thirty minutes and filter by vacuum filtration for the product. In method 2, 250 mg of aldehyde, 785 mg, benzyltriphenylphosphonium chloride, and 380 mg potassium phosphate tribasic were homogenize with a pestle and mortar. Vacuum filtration was also used in this method to attain the product. The products in both methods were used for recrystallization and TLC.
Formula 2: % Component= 100% component mass (g) sample mass (g) Procedure First, we measured out the evaporating dish to find the mass. Then we added around 3 grams of our sample (2.832g exactly). Next we added the isopropyl alcohol to dissolve the Benzoic Acid. We filled the evaporating dish, stirred, and then decanted the sample into a 140mL beaker with a stirring rod. This
Collisions increase or become more violent between molecules at higher temperatures or decrease as the temperature is lowered. Some factors that influence the speed of a chemical reaction are: (1) surface area of starting reactants; (2) concentration of reactants; (3) temperatures. The particle theory states that a solute dissolved takes place at the surface of the solvent and the larger the surface area of the particle the longer it will take to dissolve. The smaller the area the faster it will
To calculate the percentage of Cu, we divided the final mass of the penny 0.09 and the initial mass of 2.47 and multiplied by 100. To calculate the percentage of Zn, we divided the final mass of the penny 2.38 and the initial mass of 2.47 and multiplied by 100. During the experiment the hydrochloric acid donated its hydrogen ions in the reaction and then the chloride ions reacted with the zinc ions in the solution. Thus, the zinc dissolved in the highly acidic solution which was caused by the high concentration of H2 ions. Hydrogen gas was generated during the reaction which was seen when bubbles were formed as the penny was dissolved into the beaker.
The final volume was recorded. A pH probe connected through Microlab was calibrated using buffer solutions of pH 4.00, 7.00, and 10.00. The calibrated pH probe was used in order to measure the pH of the titrated solution of the unknown weak acid. These same steps were repeated except 2 mL of the strong base were titrated into the weak acid solution instead of 4 mL. This process was repeated 10 times.
Observe how much the solution was displaced in each tube. This indicates the amount of CO2 formed. Experiment 7.3 – Use a dye as an indicator of electron transport in yeast: 1. Number the six test tubes and fill them using a dropper with 2 ml of yeast solution (put the finger on the tube that correspond to 1ml). 2.