Periodontics Research Paper

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Periodontics, or periodontics, periodontal disease is the study of diseases of the dental specialties.
Gingivitis and periodontitis Bleeding inflamed gums and tooth loss, ie, gingivitis and periodontitis, are intimately linked. In fact, both the symptoms so closely related that one can say that they are two reflections (symptoms) of the same disease. The crucial difference between them is that you can have gingivitis but in his lifetime developing periodontal disease, but you can not have periodontal disease without being preceded by gingivitis. Both symptoms originate in the bacteria that all people have in the oral cavity. Therefore, it is necessary for an understanding of the symptoms to find out how the bacteria over
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The individual bacteria therefore tries to attach itself to the underlying tooth. When they established a foothold by "anchor" to the tooth, so this represents one of the prerequisites for bacterial multiplication. Bacteria can, under favorable circumstances form a new generation every 20 minutes. A bacterial colony can be formed in a few hours and a "growing together" propagation of many bacterial colonies into a coherent germ layers can be established on the tooth within a day. It is this continuous bacterial layer called for a dental plaque.

A plaque is left on the tooth for longer alters gradually its bacterial composition. One older plaque gets proportionally more rod-shaped bacteria compared to a younger. Most of these rod-shaped bacteria secrete toxins during life, known as exotoxins, as part of its metabolic process. But even when the bacteria dies, they will continue to be dangerous when their shell breakage. So-called endotoxins comes from the bacterium's guts. Both types of toxins affect the adjacent tissue and initially create inflammation and subsequent tissue destruction by the body is unable to sufficiently quickly carry them
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At the point of attachment to the tooth's a small mucous tissue is known as periodontal pocket. And when this tissue swells by the inflammatory process that started a week-old plaques toxic effect, then the gum pocket to be deeper than if there is no swelling of the gums. This process is involved in a vicious circle, by the deeper portions of the periodontal pocket are increasingly oxygen-poor environment, the deeper pocket, which favors the growth of the syrehatande bacteria that are considered primarily responsible for the breakdown of the jaw bone that hold the

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