INTRODUCTION Periodontal diseases is a common infection which involves the periodontium. The periodontium are the tissues surrounding the tooth. Cardiovascular diseases on the other hand is a condition that involves the narrowing of blocked blood vessels that can lead to a series of conditions such as cardiac arrest, angina or stroke due to age, hypertension, diabetics, obesity, serum lipid concentration and abnormal habits. Periodontal diseases have been associated with cardiovascular diseases.  Based on researches, for the past three decades, increasing cardiovascular diseases has been sought out due to the impact of oral hygiene.
Secondly " aggressive periodontitis" which is known of it 's rapid loss of gums and bone destruction. Then we have "periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic disease" this type develop or appear with some other diseases such as diabetes and cardiopulmonary diseases, this type of periodontitis has more affect on children. And last but least "necrotizing periodontitis disease" this one is accompanied by necrosis of periodontal ligament, alveolar bones or some gum tissues, it 's more dangerous to people with some sort of systemic disease or people who suffer from immune deficiency disorder. all these types of periodontitis have a couple of similar symptoms, swollen gums, change of color and some tenderness, as well as loose teeth and some changes in how they fit together in the mouth. Of course all these symptoms and diseases could be prevented by keeping a good oral hygiene, in which a one should at least brush his teeth twice a day, floss for at least once a day and try to keep routine visits to the
3. Background and Literature Review 3.1 Introductory Statement. The supporting structures of the teeth; periodontal ligaments, alveolar bone and the cementum, are affected severely by periodontitis, or other periodontal disease. A chronic inflammatory disease, brought on by bacterial(2) biofilms along the gingival margin, seeping, deep to the dental root. Seemingly attributed to a change in the oral microflora; species, and population, along with poor oral hygiene.
Analysis of Problems People 's psychological state and the environment are highly linked to result in their behaviours, affecting their state of health. In the past, physical problems could simply be explained by the traditional biomedical model. Sickness was caused by external factors, allowing people to view
Peridontology Periodontics, or periodontics, periodontal disease is the study of diseases of the dental specialties. Gingivitis and periodontitis Bleeding inflamed gums and tooth loss, ie, gingivitis and periodontitis, are intimately linked. In fact, both the symptoms so closely related that one can say that they are two reflections (symptoms) of the same disease. The crucial difference between them is that you can have gingivitis but in his lifetime developing periodontal disease, but you can not have periodontal disease without being preceded by gingivitis. Both symptoms originate in the bacteria that all people have in the oral cavity.
Hormonal influences associated with the reproductive process alter periodontal and oral tissue responses to local factors creating diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. It is imperative,therefore, that clinician recognize, customize and vary periodontal therapy, according to an individual female and the stage of her life cycle.1 Apart from the underlying systemic diseases, ceratin physiological condition can also aggravate the underlying gingival status, especially when the oral hyagiene is poor. Pregnancy being one of these conditions, is a time when the patient may experience the most profound physiologic and psychological changes in her life. There is plenty of evidence in the literature suggesting an association between periodontal diseases, pregnancy and even preterm low birth weight deliveries. The link between periodontal infections and preterm birth has been one of the frontiers in dental research.
Occurrence of gingivitis in adulthood is difficult to be assessed worldwide as a result of the variances in study populations, genetics, and environmental factors. In addition, presence of different clinical methods for definition of gingivitis and absence of clear objective cut-off points between health and disease adds difficulty. Many previous epidemiological studies estimated that the prevalence of adult gingivitis varies from approximately 50-100% for dentate patients. In this study, the prevalence of gingivitis was 100% among the adult subjects aged between 18 and 40 years old. Regarding gingival swelling in our study there were 67(26.9%) number of reports of gingival swelling with bleeding.
There are many reasons such as injuries, diseases, and drug effectsm but some causes are psychological. Arousal difficulties also may stem from performance anxiety or may be a psychological consequence of sexual assault or childhood sexual abuse. (Michael W. Passer and Ronald E. Smith,
Ignoring periodontal disease has many adverse side effects, including swollen red gums that are prone to bleeding that recede from the teeth, persistent bad breath, pus in between tooth surfaces and the gums, loose teeth, and damage to the jawbones. However, if the signs of developing gingivitis and periodontal disease are spotted early on, a professional may be able to reverse the damage with intense cleaning and the patient’s cooperation via taking care of their teeth with regular cleanings at home. However, if a patient
It is important to know that periodontal disease come as a result of plaque, also known as biofilms being on the tooth as well as gums for a long time. On this list is tartar, which is basically hardened plaque. This disease can be as simple as a gum inflammation or take an extreme form. Previously, it was believed that any bacteria led to development of biofilms. However, it is now being discovered that it is tussle between bad bacteria and any bacteria.