The one main difference between the two parenting styles is that the authoritative parents are more firm with their child, while as, the permissive parents are not strict at all and do not want to overwhelm the children with too many rules. Unlike permissive parents, authoritative parents enforce rules on their children. They want their children to know that there are certain limits to things you can or cannot do. Permissive parents would usually give in to their child, they have a hard time saying no, and the child usually ends up getting whatever he or she wants. Authoritative parents do not give in, instead they reason.
They are nontraditional and lenient, do not require mature behavior, allow considerable self-regulation, and avoid confrontation." Permissive parents are more like friends and they just want to make their child to be happy. On the other hand, the aggressive parenting style is the complete opposite. Parents who use the aggressive style are so strict and have high expectations, but they are lacking the nurture factor of being a parent. When a child makes a mistake they are usually punished harshly and also they receive negative feedback.
Permissive parents take orders and instructions from their children, are passive, endow children with power (Gonzalez-Mena 1993; Garbarino and Abramowitz 1992), have low expectations, use minimal discipline, and do not feel responsible for how their children turn out. This style of parenting is believed to directly contribute to low cognitive and emotional empathy development (Aunola et. al., 2000). These children are most likely to experience psychological problems, commit violence and engage in antisocial behavior. As their psychological needs are not met, children start to have a low self-esteem and low
When it lasts two to three months, parents should seek for counselling for their child. If it is not applied, children are most likely to end up with lasting emotional problems. Also, children may become bothered and discomfort in responsive to even brief separations. According to some researchers, divorce can increase the risk of develop heart disease and metabolic disorders. In addition, it is found to have more defects and headaches to the child.
According to Kendra Cherry (2016), Permissive parenting is a type of parenting style characterized by low demands with high responsiveness. Permissive parents have a habit of to be very loving, yet provide few plans and rules. These parents do not expect mature behaviour from their children and often seem more like a friend than a parental symbol. Because there are few rules, expectations and demands, children raised by permissive parents tend to struggle with self-regulation and self-control. On the early thought, preschool-age children, developmental psychologist Diana Baumrind described three major parenting styles.
Since they are accustomed to receiving whatever they desire from their parents, being denied a request can lead to an emotional outburst because they do not know how else to respond. In the long-term, an adult that was raised in a permissive household typically struggles with time management habits and is more likely to engage in substance abuse than someone raised with a different parenting
Factors of Conflict Researchers have established that some parent-child conflict is a normal part of development. However, frequent parent-adolescent conflict also has been linked to a variety of factors. (Kane & Garber, 2004). Child Factors: Some of the most salient factors that have been associated with parent-child conflict and parent-child relationships include child temperament, child depression and other child behavior problems (Adams & Laursen, 2001). Overall, studies of temperament and parent adolescent conflict suggest that higher levels of difficult child temperamental characteristics (even at very young ages) are associated with more frequent parent-adolescent conflict.
One of the major reason that can be speculated is Eric did not successfully achieve sense of autonomy during stage 2 of psychosocial development. The sense of autonomy is important for individual as it will develop positive image about how individual see themselves. In addition, too much criticism from parents or caregivers can contribute to failure of autonomy development. Consequently, individual will not feel good about themselves and they will have low self- esteem. Hosogi, Okada, Fujii, Noguchi and Watanabe (2012) in their research emphasized children's self- esteem was affected by their environment either home or school and children with damaged self- esteem has higher chances of developing serious psychological and social problem.
It is classified into two types which are dismissive-avoidant and fearful-avoidant. High avoidant adolescent is characterized into lack of trust toward others and weak communication. Dismissive-avoidant see themselves as lovable and worthy of care while fearful-avoidant see themselves as unlovable and not worthy of care. (De Guzman, 2006; Midel, 2001). Niolon (2010) shows that avoidant children may become anxious, clinging and angry with their parents.
Moreover, the article assumes that children are obedient to their parents. If teenagers are rebellious, it will be very difficult to correct their behaviors by using physical punishment. Such hypothesis weakens the argument of this study because of the assumptions. Therefore, the evidence claiming that corporal punishment helps to control children’s discipline does not seem to be strong