Persistent Socioeconomic Disadvantages

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Additionally, there are the socioeconomic discrepancies among students and their educational outcomes. Poverty’s negatively influences a student behaviour, achievement and retention in school; and it remains a stubborn fact of life even in rich countries like Canada and the USA. The inequity of family incomes has grown as wells as the depth of poverty has increased. Persistent socioeconomic disadvantage has a negative impact on the life outcomes of many Canadian children. Research shows associations between low income and psychiatric disorders, social and academic functioning, and chronic physical health problems. School readiness reflects a child’s ability to succeed both academically and socially in a school environment. It requires physical well-being and appropriate motor development, emotional health and a positive approach to new experiences, age-appropriate social knowledge and competence, age-appropriate language skills, and age-appropriate general knowledge and cognitive skills. It is well documented that poverty decreases a child’s readiness for school through aspects of health, home life, schooling and neighbourhoods. Six poverty-related factors are known to impact child development in general and school readiness in particular. They are the incidence of poverty, the depth of poverty, the duration of poverty, the timing of poverty (eg, age of child), community characteristics (eg, concentration of poverty and crime in neighborhood, and school characteristics) and

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