Carl Rogers's Person-Centered Theory

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Person-Centered Theory
Human nature (assumption)
Person-Centered Theory (PCT) is a theory that develops by an American Psychologist in 1930s which is Carl Rogers. Person-Centered Theory is an approach to counselling and psychotherapy that places much of the responsibility for the treatment process on the client, with the therapist taking a nondirective role.

According to Carl Rogers, he stated that a person needs an environment that provides them with genuineness, acceptance and empathy (Saul McLeod 2014). Next, Rogers believed that every person can achieve their goals, wishes and desires in life when self-actualization took place (Saul McLeod 2014). Besides, Rogers maintained that people behave as they do because of the way they perceive
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Self-exploration can be done with self-awareness of one’s own feelings, action, thoughts, potential, qualities and abilities (Boontarika Narknisorn 2012). Life experience can give data about oneself. Therefore, the clients can watch themselves in difference perspective with a specific end goal to increase self-exploration (Boontarika Narknisorn 2012). For example people ask themselves certain question such as why, like or dislike in daily life.

Aside from that, the client also will be kind to oneself and others. The client will have healthy self-love and an understanding of one’s true self required kindness (Boontarika Narknisorn 2012). The clients view themselves as people who can commit errors (Boontarika Narknisorn 2012). This kindness can lead to letting go, flexibility and forgiveness. Since they have kindness, they actually can express kindness to other and this will allow the client to accept themselves and become brave (Boontarika Narknisorn 2012). For example, they do not simply blame others when get angry in their
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Which means that the therapist does not have façade (like psychoanalysis).The therapist’s interior and outer experience are one in the same. In short, the therapist is authentic. Therapist need to provide the client with unconditional positive regard (Saul McLeod 2015). The therapist needs an attitude of "I 'll accept you as you seem to be." So, therapist must always careful and maintain a positive attitude to the client. Therapist must show empathetic understanding to the client (Saul McLeod 2015). Which means that therapist have abilities to understand sensitively and accurately the client’s experience and
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