Person Centered Theory

1068 Words5 Pages
We all react differently to situations in life, based on personal experience. Dr. Carl Rogers developed the person-centered approach through his belief that every person should fully accept their true selves in order to reach self-actualization. Throughout this essay, I will analyze the person-centered approaches to personality, compare the person centered theory to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, outline its main components and identify which theory I relate to the most and why. Psychologist Dr. Carl Rogers developed the person-centered approach theory. Rogers believed that in order for a person to gain self-acceptance, they would have to feel unconditionally accepted by others. He also believed that certain conditions must take place before…show more content…
According to Cloninger (2012), “This hierarchy consists of five levels: four levels of deficiency motivation and a final, highly developed level called being motivation, or self-actualization.” The first level is physiological needs, this is the lowest level of the need hierarchy that involves: needs for water, food, sleep and sex. The second level is safety, which involves a person’s need for safety and security. The third level involves belongingness and love; where a person seeks love and friendship. The next need is the need for self-respect and appreciation of others. The last and highest level is self-actualization, where a person has reached their full potential to be satisfied in life. To compare, the biggest difference between Rogers’s person-centered approach and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is the fact that the person-centered approach focuses on barriers or obstacles in a person’s life that hinders them from fully functioning and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs works from the first level to the highest level. In other words, you cannot skip or exchange the first level of needs (the need for water or food) for another; you can only advance by going from one level of needs to the next. Rogers’s person-centered approach is based solely on overcoming personal barriers and realizing personal strengths in order to reach…show more content…
Carl Rogers created the person-centered theory, a theory, which focuses on the experience of a person, and their self-acceptance; which can lead them to reach self-actualization. When comparing Rogers’s person-centered approach to Maslow’s theory, it is obvious that Rogers’s theory is based on overcoming personal barriers through self-acceptance while Maslow’s theory must be followed level by level in order to reach self-actualization. There are many components that contribute to personality in regards to the person-centered theory, each numbered component contributes to what we feel, how we feel about others and what steps can be taken to make changes within our personality. Last, it is unfair to choose between Rogers’s theory and Maslow’s theory as they both make sense to me and can guide me or help me reach
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