The first one is the fact that people cannot be think as separate from their relationships. Since relationships are one of the core factors in our life, it would be inevitable to be effected by them in different ways. The way we chose to deal with these relationships may be maladaptive and we need to learn a better way of dealing. PIT enables the therapist and patient to work on the present feelings and thoughts, which may arise in current therapeutic relationship. Even if these feelings and thoughts appears in the therapy sessions, they are also patterns of thinking and feeling in real life settings.
Narrative therapy is used by many therapists as a basis for various interventions such with individuals, families and communities. Narrative therapy is viewed as a collaborative form of therapy which works to identify the competencies, skills and expertise that a client shares in their personal narrative. Clients are considered separate entities from their problems. The strategy is to lower resistance and defenses and allows clients to address these issues in a more productive and creative manner. Externalizing the problems helps set a positive therapy discourse moving negative communication to more accepting, non-judgmental, and meaningful exchanges.
concentrating on or close/narrow attn to what is imp and what is currently being discussed, involves attending to problems/feelings as they arise, ability to focus encourages the client to work on present problems where there are attainable goals vs focusing on past unchangeable ones, leads to direction in therapy which results in creation of goals and plan to achieve Genuineness Ability of counselor to be freely themselves. Includes congruence between outer words/behaviors and inner feelings; nondefensiveness; non-role-playing; and being unpretentious. Guidance Practitioner which refer to a persons who practice a profession technique or occupation of a guidance counselor including the profile of age, gender, civil status, educational attainment, major, assignments & years of service. Immediacy according. To Rogers.
There are three types of treatment for borderline personality disorder that are actively used. Dialectical behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that was created specifically for BPD. CBT is a type of cognitive behavior therapy that focuses on the psychosocial factor of BPD; It was created based on the idea that some people react in intense ways to certain situations usually dealing with family, friends, or romantic relationships. The cognitive characteristic identifies behavior and thoughts that could make life difficult then eliminates them with new ways of thinking, this leads into the support orientated characteristic where the therapist and client identify an individual's strengths and builds them to improve their life. In addition to those characteristic, there is a collaborative one.
Kazantzis et al. (2010) stated that this therapy technique is thought to address underlying processes that occur in multiple disorders. MBCT may influence emotional and evaluative dimensions that underlie aspects of a person’s general well-being. This is done through the combination of mindfulness meditation, yoga, and education regarding the mind-body relationship, which helps increase a person’s awareness of their disorder and leads to increased health and well-being of patients with a wide array of disorders. Kabat-Zin emphasizes that “the simple act of recognizing your thoughts as thoughts can free you from the distorted reality they often create and allow for more clear-sightedness and a greater sense of manageability in your life” (Kazantzis, et al., 2010, in
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR THERAPY: ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY: Albert Ellis (1913-2007) was a psychoanalyst who has growing dissatisfaction towards it. But he was interested in learning behavior related therapy. Albert Ellis, Aaron Beck, Donald Meichenbaum were indulged in writing treatment for chronically ill and severely stressed patient using cognitive therapy. But it ended up with behavior therapy techniques combined with cognitive therapy which were prominent in that era.
However, it was in America where group therapy was first used, after Joseph H. Pratt, Trigant Burrow and Paul Schilder founded the approach in the early 20th century. After the Second World War several psychotherapists including Irvin Yalom developed the concept further. In terms of modern group therapy and group analysis in the UK, it is S.H Foulkes ' theory model that is considered the most influential. Today, group therapy typically involves a small group of people (between seven and 12 is considered the norm) and a therapist.
This strategy attempts to find common ground with the client through discussion and active listening (Kensit, 2000). Moreover, for the counselor to be genuine and hold unconditional positive regard for the client, they have to be nonjudgmental, sympathetic, and empathetic towards their client, no matter how their worldviews differ (Kensit, 2000). Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT), takes on a different form using a philosophical bend to address the cognitive and behavioral issues of the client (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). In the counseling sessions, the client and counselor typically focus on a set of problem and create therapeutic goals based on the client’s values (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley, 2000). After these problem areas have been address the counselor would then be interested in evaluating the core beliefs of the client and determine if they are causing more deep rooted problem areas (Johnson, Nielsen, & Ridley,
In existential therapy, therapists are mainly concerned with " understanding the subjective world of clients to help them come to new understandings and options." (Corey, 2009, p. 148). Helping clients accept the responsibility of their own lives allows them to move from emotional angst and self-deception, toward the joy of achieving personal potential (Corey, 2009). The therapist acts as a mirror, of sorts, to reflect some of the self-imposed constrictions and limitations preventing the client from further growth. Most existential therapists use a variety of loosely stated techniques with
Many theorist have disagreements on Sigman Freud Psychoanalysis Theory, as a result the Contemporary Psychoanalysis was introduced. Classical analysis consist of path in which the patient should follow for a successful analysis and the interpretations are all directed at achieving this goal. The Psychoanalyst is unable of the client’s progress. A follow up is required to complete the analysis. The analyst will observe and look out for any abnormalities from the client’s unconscious.
The therapist and the client establish clear boundaries, mutual trust and respect. Sperry (2010) The chapter states “effective therapeutic alliance that is sensitive to the client’s needs, expectation, and explanatory model; that engenders trust and hope in the therapist and therapy process; and that engages the client in the treatment process”. Allows the therapist to focus on client treatment and assist the client with developing skills, acceptance of strengths, weakness, developing realistic goals and developing new skills and abilities. The therapist and client have a mutual understanding of the goals which will assist with establishing and developing treatment for client.
Client-centered, non-directive, or Rogerian therapy, which are all referred to as Person-centered therapy (PCT), is an approach to counseling and psychotherapy that requires the therapist to take a non directive role, while placing almost the entirety of the responsibility for the counseling and treatment process on the client. Some of the related changes that this form of therapy seeks to foster in clients include closer agreement between the client’s idealized and actual selves; better self-understanding; lower levels of defensiveness, guilt, and insecurity; more positive and comfortable relationships with others; and an increased capacity to experience and express feelings at the moment they occur. Increased self-esteem and greater openness
Therapeutic Professions: A Look Into the Mind Have you been feeling stressed, fatigued, or unmotivated? Do you feel as if you have an unknown driving force in your inner subconscious that may be the cause of those symptoms? If so, a therapist is not only able to identify that issue, but solves it as well.
Mrs. Guy is known for a warm, relaxed, and comfortable approach to counseling. She is an Integrative Therapist, which means that she utilizes a variety of orientations and therapies, according to the client 's individual needs. Her purpose for helping people who are seeking wise counsel during difficult circumstances discover better living, being healthier, and striving for personal wholeness: emotionally, physically, and spiritually.
It is imperative for a therapist to be simply present during a client session instead of focusing on what theoretical approach to take or what interventions may work. Smiling and using verbal and nonverbal cues to let the client know that you are listening and are able to empathize with their struggles. Sometimes using humor with the appropriate client may assist with developing the therapeutic relationship. Skillfully using self disclosure in order to let the client know that you empathize with them can be