Person-Centered Therapy Versus Psychoanalytical Therapy

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This essay is to examine two approaches to counselling, the “Person-Centred Therapy” by Carl Rogers, and “Psychoanalytical Therapy” by Sigmund Freud, both approaches are equally popular. However, these therapies are different; both possess their strengths and weaknesses.
Why is “Person-Centred Therapy” a better therapy than “Psychoanalytical Therapy”?
Firstly, Human beings are complex and unique. According to Maltby, Day, Macaskill (2010) Carl Roger think it was not possible for a therapist to fully understand or enter the perceptual world of a client which is dominated by the client's life experiences. Client know best. In Rogers’ non-directive intervention, the client can find out which problems are important to him and explore these issues,
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Psychoanalytic therapeutic process, which is lengthy and costly; limiting its application to those in well-off socioeconomic standing (Corey, 2009). Person-centred therapy is an approach that aims to limit the time and cost of psychotherapy while maintaining the focus on the inner psyche and broadening its availability. In treating the psychologically scarred veterans of World War II it was recognised that psychoanalytic therapy was neither cost or time-effective given the lack of available fully-qualified professionals, the length of time a course of treatment, and perhaps crucially the subsequent financial…show more content…
Woody & Viney (2017) pointed out that Freud theory is based on a narrow view of human motivation. According to Ng et al., (2015), in Freud approach, it was assumed that everybody has the same family structure, overemphasized biological determinants of human behaviour and didn’t give sufficient attention to the influences of society, environment and learning in shaping behaviour. His theory was highly focused on pathology. According to Cooper (2010); Shuman (2016), Rogers’ motivation is not narrow like Freud’s central assumption of sexuality and aggression as the sole human primary motivations. Rogerian non-directional humanistic approach values self-fulfilment and personal freedom and flexibility. This focuses more on non-judgmental technique and the warm relationship between the client and the therapist help individuals to be open and

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