A leader’s behaviour is important for a smooth functioning of an organization and therefore leadership style refer to a leaders’ behavioural pattern in different times and different situations. It also thus results in leaders’ personality, experience and value system. Mainly it focused on directive leadership which had resulted in imbalance in the multicultural group as per the research. As it is said in the study USA mainly adopted task oriented leadership style which was more balanced and member contribution was there. It also says that particular styles may not be successful with all the cultural groups as they rank the leadership styles according to their preferences.
DOES LEADERSHIP MAKE A DIFFERENCE TO THE ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE? “Leadership is a process by which an executive imaginatively directs guides and influences the work of others in choosing and attaining specified goals by mediating between the individuals and the organization in such a manner that both will obtain maximum satisfaction.” -Theo Haimann Leadership is an extensive subject of research for various organizations. It is sometimes closely related to management. However, management and leadership are very different from each other. Management works IN a system, leadership works ON the system.
The study suggests that the change process is different for every organization. People view and accept change differently. For change to succeed, the culture of the organization and target market (employees) must be researched. The study suggests that a failure to communicate effectively with employees a concerning change leads to resistance to change. Wright, W. J.
If the organization spends too much focus on the organization as an individual, it could lead to employees leaving the institution. There needs to be a balance between focusing on the individual and the group. Interpersonal relationships are important in the functioning of an organization, and individuals are more inclined to promote the cause if they feel they are appreciated (Madlock, 2012). By having too many rules, regulation, and procedures, it could lead to a decline in productivity because every step is being micromanaged. If individuals are afraid of being reprimanded, they might not want to make a
Negative power might be status differences, culture differences, ethnic problems, leader and members try to avoid all these negativities and to give full attention towards the work. In group size matters, in large group (many group members) there is the problem of social loafing. Other than social loafing there are conformity pressures too. In punctuated equilibrium model we came to know the different working behavior of group members, they work according to the deadline of their
Attitudes toward accents and tone also create the barriers in global organization. In additional, negotiation can related between the managers and employee from different background. Tone of voice also can differentiate how people can interpret in term of how proficient skill you have. Therefore, every international manager should prepare any difficulties occurs in the future regarding the cultural difference by approaching the workers to solve the problems.Communication tends to be crucial and the main priority when it comes to interacts within employees and their top management. The major component of organization and managerial success is to solving the conflict between the workers in the organization.
Introduction According to Schein (1992), organization culture is becoming very significant nowadays compared with the past because it will affect the overall performance of an organization. By understanding the organization culture, it enables managers to analyze the organization behavior in order to lead and monitor (Ojo, 2010). Organizational culture is the system of sharing the common actions, values and beliefs that develops within an organization despite the characteristic of the members are different and it will guides the behavior of its members (Schermerhorn et al., 2011, p 366). It acts as glue that holds the overall organization together with the common practices (Tichy, 1982). Pettigrew (1979) argued that style of an organization in conducting a business is mostly depends on the different level of culture based on the multifaceted set of beliefs, values and assumptions.
Organizational structure alters and adjusts according to the company 's goals and strategy in order to maximize performance effectiveness. Organizational culture is a significant aspect influencing the structure. Organizational culture is the way things must be done in the company. It influences many processes, therefore, the structure must be compatible with the culture otherwise it might lead to the conflicts. The role of HR is essential in structure implementation and development it may also influence the structure by giving recommendations as per adjustment in order to align better with company culture, goals, and strategies.
Intercultural communication shows the cultures of the society and of the organization where the project different cultures meet to create a new one. Managing international organisations which involve partners from collectivist societies, requires that one should bear in mind that discussing a person’s performance or abilities openly with him or her is likely to clash head-on with the society’s harmony norm and may be felt by the subordinate as an unacceptable loss of face whereas it is coming from a good place even though it isn’t a more subtle, indirect way of giving feedback, such as through the withdrawal, because managers and employees should establish an atmosphere of trust and open communication. Listening skills should be educated to the SABMiller staff so that there won’t be mixed communication and there won’t be cases of he said she said (word of mouth cases) and when the employees of SAB Millers talk to each other, they need to be sensitive to each other’s communication especially the one non-verbally. Employees of SABMiller should be trained to keep peace in the organisation and make sure that there isn’t conflict, but when the inevitable happens they should also know how to resolve the conflict.
1.3 Discuss the factors that influence individual behavior at work All the people are affected by personality, traits, perception, motivation, stress, attitude, and emotional intelligence, because of people have feeling; these factors may influence efficiency of working. For example a worker worrying his family stress during the working time, he can’t focus on his work and make few mistakes, which was decrease efficiency. Personality is the feeling, thinking, behaving to affect aspect of the organization, personality plays an important role in the organizational behaviors, people’s personalities affect their behavior in the organization. Social perception is the view of society to the organization; customers make a judgment of an organization will get the people who close to them an overview. Siemens