Leadership is the art of inspiring or motivating a person or a group of people to work hard to accomplish important tasks or to achieve a goal. There is more than one definition to being a leader and to leadership due to the various styles, traits and skills of leadership. Every leadership style and trait suits everyone differently. Some leaders may have a vision they want to share with others. Some leaders may possess the trait to inspire others to work hard to accomplish important tasks.
The topic of leadership effectiveness is of special interest, and the discussion keeps returning to the question of what makes a person an effective leader (Yukl, 1998). Leadership can be considered as a function of character and for leadership to be successful, character needs to be prominent as well. There are two different behavioral theories for leadership, which are the transformational behavior leadership and the transactional behavior leadership. Transformational leaders influence followers to go beyond simple self-interests, and they have the ability to inspire and motivate followers to achieve results greater than originally planned, and for internal
Multiplicity of goal paths number of solution and IV. Specificity of solution number of correct number. • Position power refers to authority inherent in a position, the power to use reward and punishment and the organization support of one decision. In contingency theory of leadership; people become leaders not only because of their personality attributes but also because of various situational factors and the interactions between leaders and the group members. 2:1.
Leadership style also combines certain traits, skills, attitudes, and behaviors. Hence, different styles are used according to the situation. It is important that as a leader, you know when to mitigate your style to fit the situation. Problems occur when a leader settles on a style that they’re comfortable with and continue to use the same style, over and over again, regardless of whether or not it is appropriate. As you read through this section, be mindful that my aim is to give you the tools to be a more effective leader.
One leadership style I have obsesrved of both a project manager and superintendent is to lead by example. Both the project manager and superintendent play major roles in a project, and starting a project with a motivated, positive attitude can set the tone for the project environment. When these two roles show positive qualities, others involved in the project will as well. Another management style that I have observed of a project manager is having an “open door” policy by always welcoming questions from other project team members. There are several strengths and weaknesses associated with each of the above mentioned leadership and management styles.
Fiedler postulates that the performance of groups is contingent on the engagement of leadership style and situational favorableness (Fiedler, 1971). It takes into account the differences in leaders and situations and that triggers the need for a leader. It assumes that influencing followers lies on a combination of leader-member relations, task structure and position power. Fiedler suggests that through his Least preferred Co-worker scale, certain leadership is more effective in certain situations. Avery (2004) however argues that leader's behaviour, styles and actions may change to suit the demands of the current
Leadership has been defined in a variety of ways, there are multiple authors and theorists who have tried to define and understand leadership, all leading to varying theories and conclusions, but one thing that is universally understood is the importance of effective leadership and how someone with good leadership skills can impact so many people around them. (Kakabadse and Kakabadse, 1999; Yukl, 2002; Northouse,2013) The main components that have been identified to play a role in leadership are relations between leader and subordinates, interaction form between leader and followers, the influence that the leader has, the way in which the leader behaves and finally a leader’s traits. (Yukl, 2002) These elements that make up a leader, are then used as building blocks to identify the way in which each specific leader deals with its followers. Critical Review of Leadership Theories There have been a variety of theorists who have tried to understand how good leaders acquire their skills and whether the components which make up a successful leader are hereditary or learned. Many Studies have been made using twins to identify that about forty percent of differences in personality are hereditary.
Bad leaders seem to somehow get others to do things but it is not from a personal power that convinces people to follow them. It can be from fear, understanding the art of persuasion, or even simply positional power. Good leaders on the other hand seem to be contagious people who truly think about others, the organization, and where we all can go. They treat others with dignity and respect seeming to always look towards what they can do to help. When making promises, true leaders always follow through which helps them to gain credibility, and helps build respect and
In addition, this theory it also describes the leaders in accomplishing their tasks to develop and implement important activities for the success of the organization. Thus, effective leadership of the SBO is manifested in how they implement their programs, projects and activities with them the power to coordinate and encourage their members to effect change in the school. Likewise, the study is also based on Contingency approach theory, that orient leaders or officers toward efficiency and maintenance of the organizational status quo. This idea assumes that leaders do what is good for the organization. Like selected goals,
There are many versions in respect to leadership, and it is often thought that leadership is influencing the followers towards a common shared purpose (Daft,2015, p5). Through class, I have a deep understanding of concepts, models and theory about leadership. The statement of this paper is to explore personal leadership vison and identify two key learnings from class which arise from research perspective on leadership and the personal side of leadership. Personal experience related to leadership is also discussed in this paper before giving a conclusion. Personal Leadership Vison Jim Collins once quoted a very beautiful definition of leadership from Dwight Eisenhower whom referred leadership as “the art of getting people to want to do what