The knowledge that has already instilled to the student and the capacity of the student to have long term memory will be a determinant on the understanding of the student and what the student learned from the given instruction. Prior knowledge is activated by giving the students triggers that could stimulate the ideas of the student and the student will know how to analyze & integrate the information that has been presented. Knowledge is already designed; meaning availability of knowledge is based on how it is systematized in the memory. Instructional activities helps the students to develop and store the knowledge they have gained in this way it can be easily retrieved when needed in the future. Attaining lifelong learning is really helpful to the students especially in this modern society.
The basic concept of learning is based on this theory. The mental processes as they are being influenced by either intrinsic and/or extrinsic factors, which eventually results in learning acquisition of an individual. Knowledge systems of cognitive structures are actively constructed by learners based on pre-existing cognitive structures. The teacher facilitates learning by providing an environment that promotes discovery and assimilation/accommodation. The cognitive processes are: observing, categorizing, and forming generalizations about our environment.
How people process and store data is essential during the time spent learning. Blueprint - An inner learning structure. New data is contrasted with existing psychological structures. Construction might be consolidated, stretched out or adjusted to suit new data. The information frameworks of psychological structures are effectively developed by learners in view of previous subjective structures on account of learning dynamic digestion and convenience of new data to existing intellectual structures however in the event of inspiring learners to set their own particular objectives and propel themselves to learn.
It teaches students to manage their time in flexible ways to match individually needs and gives students increasing responsibilities for the learning process. Furthermore, it also teaches students to master learning objectives and encourage compatible interdisciplinary investigation. In this learning process, students are taught to solve problems, answer questions and formulate questions of their own through cooperative, collaborative and supportive learning environment. Moreover, in this learning environment, students are able to work on problems and projects under conditions that assure both positive interdependence and individual
They are: the need to know, a sense of autonomy, the importance of life experiences and knowledge, the readiness to learn, the need for practical and applicable learning, and internal motivation. The need to know refers to the understanding of knowing how and why to create a valuable lesson. Having feedback from reflection allows the learner to lean towards new learning and at the same time realize that learning never stops. A sense of autonomy refers to a functional need of a change in behaviour, developing a need for autonomy, structure for self growth, and self directed learning. The importance of life experiences and knowledge means that adults wants to apply their knowledge to what they do and to be acknowledged for it.
Cooperative learning helps students develop the skills they will need later for education success. It also gives them a chance to benefit from the knowledge of classmates. So, pairing the students as often as possible, as doing so makes learning enjoyable and effective. When pairing students, we should aim to create mixes in which one student excels and another struggle. This allows students with differing skills to share their abilities and help each other.
In a regular classroom activity, they collect information about how students learn, what they know, what is working and what is not, and it helps a teacher to take decisions about teaching and learning process. Reflection on student accomplishments offers instructors insights on the effectiveness of their teaching strategies. By systematically gathering, analysing and interpreting evidence we can determine how well the student learning matching the outcomes for a lesson, unit or course. The knowledge from student feedback indicates the instructor that how to improve instruction, where to strengthen
It also offers opportunities for learners to deepen and contextualize their understanding within curriculum and linking across the different curriculum indifferent context and at all levels. We also know that people acquire and integrate knowledge by relating to prior learning and experiences. Their learning is effective and meaningful when they are able to apply their knowledge in practical situations besides they learn the best when they need knowledge to accomplish a goal they consider important. Teachers can help students develop the mental habits that will enable them to learn on their own by giving instructions to foster habits of mind includes both short term and long term
Some researchers suggested that learners learn better if they are more interested about the subject and when they are directly involved in the learning process. In this way, information are easily retained in their mind and later on this information will then process into knowledge for a life- long learning. Project based learning focuses mainly on the performance task. Gone are the days in which the teacher focuses
The teacher would just provide guidance to the student in the learning process. Independent learning would be successful when the learner plans on what he or she is going to learn and the topics the learner wants to cover during the learning process. It is very important that the learner plans on the resources that they are going use to assist them in their learning process. Independent learning would be effective when self-monitoring of learning occurs, this is where the learner would have to keep record on whether the learning is taking place the way the learner had planned. For example to monitor the learning, the learner could maintain a checklist on the topics they want to complete for a particular subject therefore the learner would be able to identify whether they have completed that topic.