During the French Revolution, the revolutionaries developed a common identity among the French people with the national motto “Liberty, Fraternity, Equality.” Therefore, Napoleon saw nationalism as an indispensable tool to maintain the loyalty. During Napoleon’s ruling, many of the people, who were drafted into the army, actually were willing to serve because they identified the army with the nation (Hunt et al. 659). Moreover, Napoleon not only inspired almost the fanatical loyalty and support from the soldiers by fighting along side in some sixty battles, but also created the spirit of nationalism among the citizens by remarkable series of victories (Hunt et al. 660). On the other hand, Napoleon also spread the seeds of nationalism to his enemies and even the states that were not unified.
On the opposite end of the spectrum, Napoleon’s adversaries believe all those good deeds can not overshadow the crimes against humanity Napoleon committed for the hunger of European dominance. Formerly a skilled general he was responsible for a constant state of war in Europe that had benefitted France for only a short term. Bonaparte couldn’t rest until he had control of the whole continent and all he knew was fighting. He tried to enforce a European wide blockade of Britain, invading any country that didn’t comply and launched more wars to hold on to his gains.
This led to the imperial crisis as citizens were confused about which legitimate ruler and legal policies should they obey at that time. Another factor leading to Spanish American Revolution was actually similar to that of North American Revolution and French Revolution. The weak government raised taxes and tariffs for the citizens and traders. Mercantilism was the main reason for the increase of tariffs. Traders were restricted to import goods outside France while export brought benefits and profits to France in rulers’ point of view.
As I explained, people want more power and started wars with other countries. Napoleon, who helped the development of Nationalism, gave people a voice to keep the idea of a nation, so they supported the country and to conquer other countries in Europe. Napoleon was a successful leader and conquered many countries, but his ideas of nationalism also worked against him, because other countries also developed Nationalism, which caused wars and battles. Bibliography:
The most important cause of the Democratic Revolutions of the seventeen-seventy's and the eighteen-ten’s was political because the people did not have a voice in the government. Before the French Revolution, France was ruled by monarchies. Kings and queens ruled France and had the power of its people. For example, in the article of the “ French Revolution” it states that during their ruling time, they enjoyed his power by using the “ Letter de Cachet” to arrest innocent people. As well, they did not care about their citizens.
Maximilien Robespierre was a French lawyer, leader of the radical Jacobins and one of the most influential figures in the French Revolution. Robespierre was also the chairmen of the Committee of Public Safety and one of the leaders of the Reign of Terror, who signed off death certificates. Robespierre helped push the French Revolution along, helping the people to become educated and equipped to revolt against the absolute monarchy and demand for their freedom. What Robespierre meant by his quote was that if people continued to stay uneducated they would also stay in captivity because they would not know that they didn’t have freedom because they were ignorant. Robespierre understood that the once someone became enlightened or educated they not only became a physical threat but also a mental threat to power and the government.
Was Napoleon a hero or a Villain? Napoleon, was a hero because when he came to power he created lots of reforms. Some of these reforms included public Education, and public works. Later Nationalism spread among the people, because People were very proud to live in France because of what he accomplished. The Napoleonic code was Napoleon’s Greatest Civil Achievement which was a big success for him.
His 3 natural rights: Life, Liberty, & Property, allowed the people more freedom to what they should be open to have/do. His ability to inspire the people of France to fight and end the Old Regime also made a big impact on their society and allowed more equality. Many people quoted him in the creation of major political papers so therefore he has made an impact on countless societies and generations. He made major changes to history. He is still an possibly will forever affect the present and the future.
Shakespeare used one element of the traditional tragic hero in which a person of noble birth is the tragic hero. Brutus fits this example of a tragic hero because Marcus Brutus’s ancestor Junius Brutus fought the Tarquin Kings, who were ruthless dictators and tyrants and kicked them off the throne and took away control of Rome from them long before the time Caesar. Junius then established the Roman government that was present in the time of Caesar. The government he founded made all Romans proud especially Marcus Brutus. “O, you and I have heard our fathers say, there was a Brutus once that would have brooked Th’ eternal devil to keep his state in Rome as easily as a king” (I.ii.158-161).
A few of the things they were fighting for were, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, equal rights in comparison to British soldiers, a self regulated economy, etc. This was the first major upset of the ruling elites, which helped influence many future events. Within 10 years of the ending of this American Revolution, the French Revolution was in full swing. The French people were fighting for their own rights, and replacing their King/Queen. The French people fought for many of the same exact ideas, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, better regulation of the economy,
Since the long time rivalry between France and England was amplified due to the victory in the favor of the British from the French and Indian War, the French was joyful in having another chance to weaken the British. The colonists asked for help from the French, who were more than happy to lend troops, funds, as well as provisions for the colonists in their endeavor against the British. The French Navy as well as army were able to reinforce the American Colonist’s rag tag militia. With the French’s help, the colonists were finally able to
The Enlightenment before it had brought forth the idea that man had a right to control his or her own destiny. This idea started a fire that would carry across Europe, and would eventually set off the gunpowder that had existed in France for many years. The French people were tired of struggling to live while their despotic rulers, the aristocracy, lived in splendor and lavishness. Because of the Enlightenment, according to historian and thinker William Doyle, “no distinction was now drawn between despotism, tyranny, and absolute monarchy” (Doyle 67). The people of France made this their opportunity to subject “him and all other officials to a constitution”, and “replace the rule of arbitrariness by the rule of the law”, i.e. the law created by the general will (Doyle 67).
Technology contributes to the growing economic inequality in the United States by increasing its operating expenses. During the 1890s, most American farmers experienced a drought that has affected the quality of their crops. Eventually, the value of these crops lessened, and farmers were not able to break even and earn as much as before. While the drought occurred, railroad companies became ambitious and wanted to earn more for their business. Due to the farmers’ dependency on the railroad to transport their crops, railroad companies “raised the cost of transporting farm produce” (Judis, 22).
Farmers were enticed by high prices persuaded farmers to grow a single “cash” crop. Profits were then used to buy food and manufactured goods. In the 1880s, bankruptcy fell into the nation and caused low prices and a deflated currency. As a result, there was not enough dollars to go around and caused debt. Farmers were forced to by expensive machinery to increased crop production, which were sold at low prices and caused even more debt..
Should people be persecuted for their beliefs? The Reign of Terror lasted less than two years, from the execution of Louis XVI in January 1793 to late July 1794. During those eighteen months, more than 20,000 French people were put to death by guillotine. Guillotines were large falling blades that were used by political extremists called radicals to decapitate conservatives, who were people that wanted to keep the old ways. It is not right for people to be persecuted for their beliefs.