This angered Serbians who felt the province should be theirs. Serbia threatened Austria-Hungary with war, Russia, allied to Serbia, mobilized its forces. Germany, allied to Austria-Hungary mobilised its forces and prepared to threaten Russia. War was avoided when Russia backed down. There was, however, war in the Balkans between 1911- 1912 when the Balkan states drove Turkey out of the area.
However, Prussian influence was to affect both Russia and Austria. For example, Russia was seeking dominance in the eastern Baltic, but for Austria, she wanted to reduce German power by retaking Silesia in order to maintain Austrian power. Moreover, Austria had brought France into the struggle by creating an anti-Prussian coalition which included France, Austria and Russia, and was created in 1756; the First Treaty of Versailles. From here, Prussian influence was effecting the three powers of Europe, which disturbed the European
Part I created the League of Nations, which Germany was not allowed to join. Part II established Germany’s new borders by returning portions of land to Denmark, Belgium, France, Poland and Lithuania. The Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires were disbanded and distributed amongst the Allies. Part III imposed a demilitarized zone in Germany and part IV removed Germany’s power over all its’ colonies. Part V stripped Germany from certain classes of weapons and most of their armed forces.
After all it had started when a Serbian shot an Austrian. It was felt that Germany had been simply made a scapegoat by the other countries for all that had happened. Looking back it is clear that the Treaty of Versailles created more problems than it actually solved. The treaty broke up empires and changed boundaries. The Germans lost territory and other countries tried to weaken Germany’s military potential and strengthen their own to compensate for the destruction of their lands caused by the Germans.
During World War II (WWII) the United States (U.S.) and Russia fought as allies against the Nazis. Following WWII, the relationship between the two countries quickly began to deteriorate. Around 1947 the WWII era ended and a Cold War involving the U.S. and Soviet Russia began. The Marshall Plan was implemented following Soviet aggression in Europe in order to provide aid and relief to an already war-torn nation. The Soviet response to the Marshall Plan became known as the Zhdanov Doctrine.
The October Manifesto 1905 was a political reform in response to Bloody Sunday which allowed freedom of speech and creation of the Duma, a parliamentary body. The Duma gained control over laws and created hope and expectation for further reforms. However, Nicholas II, the Tsar, still referred to himself as an autocrat in the October Manifesto document. The Fundamental Laws 1906 contributed to growing grievances in Russia as the people were denied a political voice and reaffirmed the Tsar’s power with the use of ‘veto’ meaning ‘I forbid.’ Moreover, Nicholas appointed Stolypin in 1906 as Prime Minister to address protestors and peasant poverty. Stolypin’s policies addressed any opposition to the regime with the use of secret police and executions, thus known as ‘Stolypin’s necktie.’ Stolypin’s policies demonstrate a failure of the Tsar to create effective political reforms resulting in the downfall of the Romanov
“Government is not the solution to our problem;government is the problem”(Ronald Reagan, 1981 ). World War 1 was the reason behind the downfall of Russia’s government. The First World War began after a Serbian nationalist executed the Royal Prince of Austria Franz Ferdinand, this triggered Austria and threatened war to Serbia. This resulted into the making of the Allies who were the Russians,France,Britain,Serbia, United States of America and they fought with the Central Powers which were the Germans,Austria-Hungary,Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. When the war began, Russia’s government was unstable and this accumulated in Tsar’s collapse.
Tension existed between the Soviet Union and the West as far back as 1885 during the Panjdeh incident. At this time the competition between Britain and Russia in Afghanistan was great and war appeared imminent. Furthermore, after the First World War, the Allies immediately supported the anti-Bolshevik White movement during the Russian Civil War, laying the groundwork for high tensions between the Soviet Union and the West for the next one hundred years. When Joseph Stalin came into power, he enormously elevated these tensions through his take over of Eastern Europe, which the West saw as an attempt to spread Communism. Indeed, by 1949 all Eastern European governments, except that of Yugoslavia, were run by hard-line Stalinist regimes, causing a great amount of fear in the Capitalist world as they saw Communism as threatening every aspect of their society.
Joseph Stalin, a dictator of Russia, admitted that Russia would fall if and only if socialism in the country went from national to international. In attempts to help the country Stalin ordered a five-year plan, the plan was to help Russia transfer from an agricultural country into an industrial power. But when the five-year plan failed to work Stalin captured anyone who was “suspected of opposition” (page 804) and then sent them to long- term labor camps. Because Stalin was sending over eight million soviet people to camps and had killed over three million people, countries all over the world were beginning to fear Russia. The next dictator, Benito Mussolini, was a socialist from Italy, and wholeheartedly believed that Great War was the turning point his country needed.
What is considered a scapegoat? According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, a scapegoat means: one that bears the blame for others. Germany was viewed as a scapegoat of the Central Powers after the First World War, which made impact on Europe and the U.S. ― World War I began after the assassination of Franz Ferdinand, involved many countries, had two fronts, and ended on the 11th of November, 1918 (BG Essay) ― and all the devastation and destruction followed. Germany gets to be blamed and called for the damages due to the creation of the Treaty of Versailles with the help of leaders of nations. How did the Versailles Treaty, which was formed months after the end of the First World War, help cause the Second World War?
This form of Nationalism that included a fight for independence and autonomy and self government. “Pan-Slavism, the belief that the Slavic peoples of Eastern Europe should have their own nation, was strongly opposed to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and its control and influence over the region.” (Alpha History) In aggravation, the Serbs joined radical nationalist groups in an attempt to drive out Austria-Hungary from the Balkans and to create a “Greater Serbia”. These groups designed an assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in June of 1914,
World War I began on July 28, 1914 and lasted until November 11, 1918. Differences in foreign policies were to blame, although the immediate cause was the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. The two main sides were the Allies, which included France, Great Britain and Russia; and Germany and Austria- Hungary. Thirty countries were involved total. World War I was the first global conflict, also known as “The Great War”.
Imperialism was a big impact on the late 1800’s leading into the early 1900’s with counties like the British, Spanish, Russia, and Germany pushing to gain more land in different counties. This would lead to an arms race and the buildup which would lead into World War 1. Many different alliance were made if another country would attack another other countries would help with the fight. This would keep peace till the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. This was a large impact because a Serbian killed him forcing Germany to against Russia.