In this essay, I will be presenting some strengths and limitations of the reliability of one cognitive process, namely memory. Memory is defined as the process of organizing the multitude of information gathered through personal experience. Schema, defined as many networks of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations about aspects of the world, can help memory be more accurate, since people tend to remember details more vividly when their schemas are activated. However, each time a person recalls a memory, the memory is reconstructed. This is known as reconstructive memory.
With the help of this study we can know how the memory related problems in humans can be solved. And the cases of flash memories are interesting because flash memories concern memory for the source of news about that event. Also memories for the emotional events depend on different brain mechanisms than memories for the non-emotional
Metamemory: A Brief Review Of The Construct And Research Studies Murshida Khatoon, Dr. Debdulal Dutta Roy Indian Statistical Institute Abstract Given the huge accumulation of research and the information gained about the various memory processes, researchers have now turned towards investigating how individuals monitor and control these processes and what beliefs and knowledge do people have regarding their own memory. This is what metamemory entails. The influence of judgements about one’s own memory on actual memory performance across different ages and clinical groups, is another arena that is being investigated in metamemory research. The present report is an attempt to briefly outline the basic concepts underlying metamemory;
There are different types of memories associated with a specific type of learning and information: 1. Implicit memory works by recalling past experiences to remember certain things without the need to think. Professionals like athletes and musicians are known to have superior implicit memory. 2. Procedural memory is a subsection of the implicit and it works by accessing the long-term memories to recall how things are done, such as playing a musical instrument and swimming.
Introduction: The cognitive level of psychology studies the different mental processes by which humans obtain information. Some of these mental processes include: memory, perception, problem solving and attention. Memory is a cognitive process by which humans store and retrieve information. However, it has been proven that memory is not an exact capture of our past, but it is reconstructive, in which false memories are created. The reconstruction of memories can be affected by different factors, such as: language, prior knowledge or expectations.
Thus, in describing that research, Dr Loftus identified two primary research paradigms. Such as misinformation paradigm and focusing on implanting false memories. Misinformation paradigm involves testing research on a specific event. While focusing on implanting memories involves subjects to recall past events. Dr Loftus concluded that people’s memories can easily change its details of
For example, students can highlight the important event that occurred in the whole history chapter. When students use selectively principle, they can know what information is important to study for exam and take notes about it. The second principle that activate our memory is association. Association is the process of forming any kinds of cue to link two or more items or link chunks of information together to process it in our memory. We as a human tends to remember things easily by associating an object or event with one
Unfamiliar sounds and odors could be disturbing, or, they could potentially be exciting, however familiar sounds tend to be more reassuring. The third is a “response to stimulus as it becomes identified in ones memory with a particular place and time.” This is a remembered sensation, is familiar, and can still invoke other sensations so that the mind can reconstruct the dimensions of other particular places . (FIG-4) How our brain perceives The ease with which we use our senses (like the simple act of opening our eyes, or touching by simply pressing our skin against an object) hides the fact the perception is an important aspect of the sensory process. Perception calls on past memories and emotions in order to process and understand our current experiences. Therefore, to fully understand a space, it requires not only sensation, but your perception as well.
Memories in the Human Brain When we recall memories, the brain “replays” a pattern of neural activity. These replays are not exactly the same to the original memories. Otherwise we would not know the difference between genuine experience and the memory. The human brain is divided into different parts that store and retrieve memories. How do we recall and store memories inside the brain?