They are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and agreeableness. There are also different perspectives from various psychologists, namely; Psychodynamic perspective, our unconscious motivations – Sigmund Freud & Carl Jung; Behavioural perspective, how our environment influences us – B.F. Skinner & Albert Bandura; Humanistic perspective, our inner drive for growth – Carl Rogers & Abraham Maslow; and Biological Perspectives, our genetic inheritance - Hans Eysenck. All these theories explain why and how we feel and think in a certain way in a situation, the choices we make or do not make, and how we have acquired a certain attitude. Let us take a look from the Humanistic perspective. Humanistic perspective Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow “Humanism is a psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of the whole person.
These elements initiated the basic theoretical background to contrast and integrate the classic distinction of level of consciousness. Even, he believed that the three interacting system of the Id, Ego, and Superego can examine personality traits and disorders in terms of inner workings of the mind of people and unfilled wishes and/or childhood trauma. Those three elements operate across the three level of consciousness which he categorized into conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. (Freud, 1905). Consciousness, the higher brain function, the level that includes thought, feelings, and actions of where people are aware of at any particular point in time.
Carl Jung- extroversion and introversion Carl Jung is one of the theorists that assisted in the launch of trait approaches. Carl assisted by the implementation of the terms extroversion and introversion in the theory of personality. Extroversion according to Jung means that individuals are orientated toward things outside oneself and introversion means that an individual‘s
Allport believed that the set of labels that describe a particular person reflects that person’s central traits (those that are usually obvious to others and that organize and control behavior in many different situations). He also believed that people possess secondary traits (those that are more specific to certain situations and control far less behavior). Allport’s research helped to lay the foundation for modern research on personality traits. His focus on the uniqueness of each personality made it difficult to draw conclusions about the structure of personality in general (Bernstein,
The DISC is a quadrant behavioral model to examine the behavior of individuals in their environment or within a specific situation. Therefore, it focuses on the styles and preferences of such behavior (DISC Personality Test, 2018). The DISC model has four main personality traits. The dominance trait describes the way you deal with problems. It is the way you assert yourself and how you control situations.
There are three components in the nature of personality. The first component stated that the personality reflects individual differences. Every individual have its own characteristics. Second component is a statement that personality is consistent and enduring, and the last component claimed that personality can change. There are many factors can influence the personality development which are heredity, parental characteristic, person’s cohort, birth order, normative age-graded influences, normative history-graded influences, non-normative life events, culture, and normative socio cultural-graded influences.
one’s personality can be expected to change with future experiences. A lot has been covered about the personality development under the trait theories, psychoanalysis, and the behavioral theory. The trait theories emphasize how each person is a collection of constant traits, abilities, or responses. Thus different people may respond differently in the same situation because of different traits. Yet Bandura and those endorsing a social-learning analysis are saying that the behavior of each of us in the same situation may differ because of differing past experiences in similar
We usually think of personality in terms of how we act and the differences we can see in each person. The concept of personality refers to the dynamic integration of the totality of a person’s experiences and behavior patterns including both conscious and unconscious behavior patterns, experiences and views, and intentional states (Kernberg, 2016). Personality derives from human experiences and the environment in which your grow up in, in can be codetermined by genetic dispositions. Genetics does play a part in a person’s personality but just how much and how is it determined. A major part of a person’s identity is building character and a personality.
A personality assessment is a method of examining and knowing human personality traits, this means getting to know the characteristics of various individuals such as behavior’s and social affiliations, to actualize this, we will be applying the Myers – Briggs Types Indicator (MBTI), of emotional intelligent (EI) Key word: Personality Assessment Introduction As we recalled from the above definition of personality assessment, is a method of examining and knowing human personality traits, this means getting to know the characteristics of various individuals such as behavior’s and social affiliations, to actualize this, we will be applying the Myers – Briggs Types Indicator (MBTI), of emotional intelligent
All this to better understand why people behave the way they do and how big impact does the personality have on behaviour. For those who explored personality, it was also important to look for reasons why certain personality traits occur in some individuals and not in other individuals. For instance, what makes people differ. A range of approaches looks at this problem, for example, genetics or psychoanalysis.