‘Personality traits are relatively stable, cognitive, emotional and behavioural characteristics of people that help establish their individual identities and distinguish them from others.’(Holt, Bremner, Sutherland, Vliek, Passer, Smith, 2015, p645) Some examples of such traits or characteristic include funny, outgoing or shy. As with many areas of psychology there are many theories and perspectives on development and approach to personality. I will discuss some of these theories, some of which are still used today. Psychodynamic psychologists such as Freud would argue that adult personality is influenced mainly by childhood experiences whereas humanistic psychologists might argue that personality depends on a person’s experience as an adult
Personality Theory Blog Personality, some define this as the characteristics and qualities that make a person who they are. Someone’s personality makes up a big part of who they are and, also determines how they will possibly react to certain situations. Typically, personality is what people remember about an individual after they have first met them. There are traits in a person that come out in their personality that make them who they are. The personality theory that looks deeper into the traits that make up an individual’s personality is individual psychology also known as the trait theory.
Therefore, finding an explanation through psychology, for the different specific reactions that human beings exhibit is important. Social psychology is an important sector of psychology that takes interpersonal relationships into consideration. Over the years, many theories have been developed to aid in explaining human behavior, especially ones that administer social experiences. The main focus of this assignment is the analysis of the cognitive dissonance theory in social psychology. Cognitive dissonance theory attempts to explain the human behavior through cognition, in which individuals always look for stability in their attitudes and behaviors (Festinger, 1985).
Personality Characteristics Things like introversion and extroversion, when someone prefers to be alone and the other prefers to be around people. Emotional stability or dominance, specific characteristics combined makes a certain type of person. These combined factors are called your personality profile, which can be matched to your occupational
They assume that human beings as equal, worthy and responsible. The process of adult ego state formation goes through one’s own experiences and continuously updating attitudes left over from childhood. People with adult ego state, gather relevant information, carefully analyse it, generate alternatives and make logical choices. The Child Ego State The child ego state is characterized by very immature behaviour. The important features of child ego state are creativity, anxiety, depression, dependence, fear, joy, emotional sentimental etc.
The first one being extroversion these people are sociable, active and outgoing extroverts have a low level of brain arousal so they always seeking for stimulation (person0**) the opposite of an extrovert is an introverts who usually spent time alone they interaction with other people is limited. The second trait is neuroticism these people tend to be anxious, worry a lot or being overly nervous low on self-esteem, shy and moody, people low on neuroticism are emotionally stable , calm, are slower to react on stressful situations and don’t dwell on stressful situations they can return to normal state before a stressful event. The third trait is psychoticism these people can be aggressive, impulsive, have a lack of empathy and can be antisocial, however people low on psychoticism *******(Larsen &Buss,
Birth order should be acknowledged that it affects a child’s personality. First borns and only children are often grouped together for research based on their similar personality types. There are many stereotypes that they are both associated with for their personalities: perfectionist, independent, critical, leaders, serious, and with a high desire to please adults. Many compare these stereotypes to horoscopes; people tend to believe what is
(p. 356) Which of the following types of strategic control has a low degree of focusing? A. Special alert control B. Implementation control C. Strategic surveillance D. Premise control Difficulty: Medium Learning Objective: 1 6. (p. 356) Which of the following types of strategic control seldom is used with environmental factors?
Because motivation for culture adaptation, one will adjust actions to suit the situation. One’s social skills and behaviors are based on self-regulation and self-awareness.. Only when one reaches the self-awareness, he/she can acknowledge the cultural cues in unfamiliar cultural environment. They will have the empathy and understanding for shortage or weird traditional custom which can be totally unlike their couture. It is clear that cultural intelligence requires some components of emotional one and vice
At first one’s self- concept is very general and changeable as we grow older, these self- perceptions become much more organized, detailed and specific(Pastrorino&Doyle-Portillo, 2013). A self- concept is a collection of beliefs about one’s own nature, unique, qualities, and typical behavior. Your self- concept is your mental picture of yourself. It is a collection of self- perceptions ( Weiten, Dunn, & Hammer, 2012). The importance of self- concepts which influences people’s behaviours and cognitive and emotional outcomes like achievements, level of happiness, anxiety, social integration, self- esteem, and life satisfaction.