According to him, the behavioural responses of the individuals to their environment (specific responses) allow identifying the way in which individuals typically behave in a situation (habitual responses); by grouping habitual responses, personality traits can be identified. Using factor analysis, Eysenck found certain personality traits that he believed were fundamental (super traits) and comprise all the other traits. Initially, Eysenck found two super-traits: extraversion and neuroticism. Later, he found a third super-trait, which he called psychoticism. These super-traits are not categorical, but measured on a continuum: at the opposite end of extraversion there is introversion, at the opposite of neuroticism there is emotional stability, while socialization is the opposite of psychoticism.
Learning Personality Theories and Dispositional Personality Theories Introduction The two psychological personality theories have a number of similarities and differences. As such, this essay transcends a discussion of a comparison between dispositional and learning personality theories. Also, the paper will address the differences between the two personality theories regarding personality, interpersonal relationships, characteristics as well as behaviour. Conventionally, it is evident that individual personality will directly affect the behaviour of one. As such each theory of personality entails characteristics ascribed to it.
We usually think of personality in terms of how we act and the differences we can see in each person. The concept of personality refers to the dynamic integration of the totality of a person’s experiences and behavior patterns including both conscious and unconscious behavior patterns, experiences and views, and intentional states (Kernberg, 2016). Personality derives from human experiences and the environment in which your grow up in, in can be codetermined by genetic dispositions. Genetics does play a part in a person’s personality but just how much and how is it determined. A major part of a person’s identity is building character and a personality.
Explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress. These are: a) Biological: The parts of the model are made up with: The functioning of an individual’s body The individual’s biological history – DNA, Bloodline, genetic The chemical balance and processes of an individual’s brain. b) Psychological: This part of the model is made up with: The cognitive functions and behaviours Disorders of thinking and reasoning i.e. self-control Perception and Motivation. 4.
There are three types of treatment for borderline personality disorder that are actively used. Dialectical behavior therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that was created specifically for BPD. CBT is a type of cognitive behavior therapy that focuses on the psychosocial factor of BPD; It was created based on the idea that some people react in intense ways to certain situations usually dealing with family, friends, or romantic relationships. The cognitive characteristic identifies behavior and thoughts that could make life difficult then eliminates them with new ways of thinking, this leads into the support orientated characteristic where the therapist and client identify an individual's strengths and builds them to improve their life. In addition to those characteristic, there is a collaborative one.
Attempting to make sense of what makes people who they are has been a persisting challenge in the world of personality psychology. Personality can be defined as a pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that give both consistency and individuality to a person 's behaviour (Feist and Feist, 2009). Several theories and models have been developed over time to better understand the human personality.Type theories are the early perspective, which suggest that there are a limited number of personality ‘types’ related to biological influences. Psychoanalytic theorists such as Freud and Bowlby emphasise the influence of the unconscious, mental conflict and drive. Behavioural theories suggest that personality is a result of
Introduction Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) are a set of theories that endeavour to solve patient’s contemporary problems. Some of these theories include Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, Rational Behavior Therapy, Rational Living Therapy, Cognitive Therapy and Dialectic Behavior Therapy. However, throughout this work, we will be focusing mainly on Beck’s cognitive behavioural therapy. It is important to note that all CBT treatments are characterized by certain features. Firstly it is a highly structured, evidence based-treatment that aims to address patient’s current problems.
He said that alienation from cultural traditions seemed to be related to the symptoms displayed by others, which resulted in an uncertain self-image or self-identity. His theory of the identity explains that as human beings grow and develop, they experience a series of personal conflicts. Erikson’s concepts were well explained. Erikson
There are three components in the nature of personality. The first component stated that the personality reflects individual differences. Every individual have its own characteristics. Second component is a statement that personality is consistent and enduring, and the last component claimed that personality can change. There are many factors can influence the personality development which are heredity, parental characteristic, person’s cohort, birth order, normative age-graded influences, normative history-graded influences, non-normative life events, culture, and normative socio cultural-graded influences.