Gender is a socially constructed definition of what women and men are. It is different to the term ‘sex’. Sex refers to the biological characteristics of a woman and a man. What is masculine and feminine, for males and females, can vary depending on their cultural background. This means that the society’s expectations confirm the behavioural, psychological and physical qualities that are related to the particular gender.
Stereotypes as regards gender, refer to certain traits presumably adhered to males and females in the society, that define and distinguish these genders. According to Mynhardt, the two genders (males and females) portray traits which are both negative and positive. Gender stereotypes have far reaching consequences
Introduction Gender in perceived as a socio-cultural construct of male and female identities that determine and influence the manner in which people live and construe their vicinity, and those around them (Lee, 2005). Typically, gender is natural. Nonetheless, it is also learned directly and indirectly in the society. In a broad sense, gender refers to the opportunities, societal attributes, and relationships affiliated with being masculine or feminine (Lee, 2005). In this regard, gender roles are perceived as behavioral norms and patterns that are affiliated with males and females in a particular culture, system, or social group (Fairbairn, Blanckenhorn & Székely, 2007).
Bem (1981a) contended that the BSRI is "based on theory about both the cognitive processing and the motivational dynamics of sex-typed and androgynous individuals" (p. 10). These concepts provided the basis for the development of Bem's gender schema theory, the main tenet of which is that "sex-typing is derived, in part, from a readiness on the part of the individual to encode and to organize information – including information about the self – in terms of the cultural definitions of maleness and femaleness that constitute the society's gender schema" (Bem, 1981b, p. 369). According to Bem (1987), a sex-typed individual is someone whose
In our society today, women are treated differently because of their gender, are not given raises that commensurate with their station and often make less compensation than men. Women, also must often deal with sexual harassment in the workplace which leaves physical and emotional scars. As historically, in society today, women are treated unfairly in the business world because they receive less compensation than men, are
However, male children have to separate from their mothers and identify with their fathers in order to be socialised according to their masculinity. They develop strong ego boundaries and a capability for independent action, objectivity and rational thinking to suit the patriarchal culture. Women are a threat to their independence and male sexuality. Girls are then socialised according to what women are supposed to be seen as, and so they reproduce the same nature that reproduces a male dominance. It is these qualities that make them potentially good mothers, and keep them open to the emotional needs of men.
According to the article from the book, “A sex role is a part that an individual plays as a social actor – the patterns of feeling and behavior deemed appropriate or inappropriate because of her or his gender.” (pg. 189). Somehow this gave us the conventional thinking that men should show up
Stereotypes are predictions that people in a group will have generally certain characteristics, and most societies share ideas that include behaviors, attitudes, and personality traits that expect to men and women of each. As a result, people have similar sex role standards and stereotypes in one culture. In other words, there is a part about characteristics such as "a man does ~" and "a woman does ~" or a fixed criterion in relation to behaviors and attitudes such as "a man has to ~" and "woman has to~”. This is called sex-role stereotype. As for the role of the gender, it is confronted with the position that whether it is innate or the product of socialization which is acquired by social custom and education.
Socialization Gender stereotypes are over-generalizations about the characteristics of an entire group based on gender. Even though gender stereotypes have been perceived as having negative connotations, they can also have positive ones as well. We typically are defined by society due to gender roles which refers to the attitudes, behavior, and activities that are socially defined as for each sex and are learned through the socialization process. I believe when you have a society that has a manual on how to be a “REAL MAN” or “REAL WOMAN” and each sex has to have certain attitudes, behavior, and activities in order to be considered that is when stereotypes come into hand. We forget that men or women may do what the other does in their everyday
Gender stratification usually support male more than female because of a simple fact that they are genetically different than male. As stated by debate.org poll that 88% people agree there is still some gender stratification in the U.S.A. A good example of gender stratifications is treating female unequally as male in the workforce environment. Most CEO and higher up position are usually help by male only, and if a female tried to apply for these position then she would get rejected because she is a female. Being a female emphasis that you’re not physically and mentally qualified to take on the role of a CEO since you are a female instead you are
Most people believe the hypotheses is right, and teachers also follow this rule to educate their students. However, in the article, “Does Gender Matter”, Michael Kimmel explains the hypotheses is wrong. The society assume that women are innately less able than men, but there is no scientific support. Women are repeatedly told they are less good, their self-confidence falls and their ambitions dim. Kimmel believes that the confidence is the most important issue for a man to be successful whereas
“The forces that drive pay inequity are complex, but among the likely reasons for Texas’ gaps are slow growth in state workers’ pay overall, the tendency of white men to get top-paying jobs and the state’s inattention to the issue” (Mcswane 2). Another thing that undermines all types of workers is the slow rate in which pay is increasing because men are the people with higher paid positions in jobs they are not obtaining more money and neither are women. Women must wait for the men above them to start earning more before they can get a raise but this still does not provide equal pay. Yes women are getting paid more but so are the men either stays the same or continues growing. “Women have struggled to regain jobs in the recovery and continue to face high levels of long-term unemployment, even as their families rely on them more heavily for financial support” (National Women’s Law Center 5).
One of the greatest labels a person wears in today’s society is their gender. If you are a male or a female dictates how you should speak, dress, act, and even which jobs you should have. Certain expectations are given to both males and females. Gender roles control many areas of our lives today. We live in a society that tries to dictate who you should be, and what you should do based on your gender.