The cause of voyeuristic disorder depends on different theoretical perspectives: Freud initially discovered that voyeurism was a perversion - a regression to an earlier level of development and as a formation to avoid more threatening impulses for entering consciousness. He later claimed that the object of desire is a substitution for the mother, which in turn reenacts the struggles over separation and castration. Stoller (1991), a psychodynamic clinician reported that voyeurism is a hostile act of revenge for being humiliated. Social Learning Theorists contended that deviant sexual behavior was learned via observation and modeling. To support this notion, they stated that many voyeurs have experienced childhood sexual abuse.
Nonetheless, it had a significant impact on new theories that were later developed. In the mid to late 1900’s, a second wave of psychoanalytic theories were introduced. These new theories branched from Freud’s original idea that an individual’s behavior and personality are largely shaped by underlying unconscious forces, however, the second wave was modified to be more sophisticated and dynamic. The wide majority of Freud’s followers had no problem accepting the idea that conflicts during infancy affect the experiences of an adult, thus, affecting their future personality features. However, the second wave of psychoanalysis emphasizes interpersonal relationships rather than sexual feelings, accepts the study of the conscious mind, and contains a wider variety of explanations.
THE THREE PHASES IN PSYCHOANALYSIS Psychoanalysis is based on the concept that individuals are unaware of the many factors that cause their behavior and emotions. Freudian psychoanalysis refers to a specific type of treatment or verbalization in which the analyst provokes analysand’s unconscious conflict and the analysand verbally expresses his/her thoughts. As per Freud, There is a force in the mind which exercises the functions of a censorship, and which excludes from consciousness and from any influence upon action all tendencies which displease it. Such tendencies are described as "repressed". They remain unconscious; and if one attempts to bring them into the patient 's consciousness one provokes a "resistance”.
Williams seems to have taken the ideals of Freud to build his characters in Freudian molds. Psychoanalytic ideas are revealed through the actions of the three main characters as Stanley is the Id, Stella as the Ego, and Blanche as the Superego. Creating an understanding of each individual as they pertain to a psychological approach, reveals the reasons they had for acting the way they did throughout the play. The first of the three psyche components are the id, or someone 's instincts to their personality.
Uncontrolled Desire and Its Effects on Character’s Life Ayat Al Roumi Department of English, Faculty of Letters And Human Sciences, Lebanese University Abstract Sex drive is influenced by biological, psychological, and social factors. And if this desire isn’t controlled would lead to a destruction in all his forms.
Recognizing the division of personality in the,”ID”Ego”, and Super ego and that the unconscious is an important part of who we are and noting that anxiety plays a big function in how one reacts to the world at large and highlighting Freud’s theory on defense mechanism to help one cope with such anxieties. Core Philosophy of the Therapeutic Approach The most important underlying ideas relating to the psychoanalytic theory was mainly influenced by Sigmund Freud, one of the most famous names in Psychology, his Psychoanalytic Theory formed the bases of many current psychoanalytic theories. He was the first to discuss the unconscious mind and its role in human behaviour. Freud believed that there were three levels consciousness the first he labeled s the unconscious mind which exist outside of an individual’s awareness at all times.
Sigmund Freud 's viewpoint on personality development differed entirely from social learning theory. He was a psychoanalyst and looked for unconscious motives, which influenced the behavior of the patients, he was treating. He focused on the subconscious much larger part of the mind, a storehouse of impulses, passions and inaccessible memories that affect our feelings and actions. In ancient Indian psychology this is known as "samskaras". It is believed that some of these samskaras are connected with previous lives experiences.
Sigmund Freud (an Austrian neurologist) created this perspective on personality who believed that things hidden in the unconscious could be revealed in several different ways, including free association, through dreams, and through accidental slips of the tongue. Theorists such as Carl Jung, Erik Erikson, Karen Horney, and Alfred Adler believed in the importance of the unconscious but did not agree with the other aspects of Freud's
In 1923, Sigmund Freud proposed his theory that the make-up of an individual’s personality is largely governed by three fundamental components: the id, the ego, and the superego. Working through the unconscious and shaping behavior according to psychological fixations and conflicts or lack thereof, these elements evolve through five levels of psychosexual development (Freud, 1962). However, in spite of its compelling approach to the phenomenon, Freud’s structural theory of personality is riddled with limitations and as such, is subject to much criticism. The mind is layered into three states: the conscious, referring to the thoughts currently in our forefront; the preconscious, idle thoughts that can be easily accessed and brought to the conscious; and the unconscious, which houses the more instinctual drives that are repressed because it threatens the conscious’ equilibrium (Cloninger, 1996).