Introduction The personality perspective has been described by many theorists in order to explain behaviors behind a functioning person. There has been legendary theorists’ underlying this perspective, with different views and observations of understanding personalities exceptionally well. Regardless of lack of prominence in some approaches, their terminology and ideas still influence psychology today (Meyer, 2008). Only the two theories of Carl Rogers and Victor Frankl have been applied in the case study of Thapelo and Lerato. The Carl Rogers theory of the self-concept will explain the development and structure of personality, whereas Victor Frankl’s theory will explain the meaning of life as a dynamic of personality.
It also suggests that every action must be motivated by self-interest. It because psychological egoism states that every act of every person is motivated by self-interest, it is universal. The meaning of selfishness, James Rachels suggest that "psychological egoists make a silly mistake and that if one believes that people are genuinely altruistic, and then you have nothing to fear from the egoist. Rachels points out that it is precisely
Jung considers this to become the process of human development. This report will also present further Carl Jung’s theory on personality development as he believes that all individuals are complex beings that possess opposing qualities such as introversion and extraversion, masculinity and femininity as well as rational and irrational drives. Carl Jung claims that an individual to fully mature and developed they must accept and embrace these all these autonomous opposing
In antithetical position the ego functions according to the reality principle. Its determination is to find a balance between the desires of the animalistic id and the super ego’s ego ideals. This organized part of the personality structure is an executive branch of personality because of its developed
Superego obeys the morality principle to ensure socially acceptable behaviours. Besides, superego consists of two components: ego ideal, motivating moral behaviours for rewards and conscience, hindering immoral behaviours to avoid negative consequences. Freud proposed that high ego strength maintains balance between id, superego and the reality develops healthy personality, whereas low ego strength results in imbalance, hence forming maladaptive personalities and anxiety. To mediate anxiety, ego equips defense mechanisms which unconsciously distort unacceptable
The power society has acquired, implements limitation in fulfilling our natural human desires, to the point were following social order gives us pleasure. To Freud, it was important that manipulatory
Know the world better Through all these times, humans are always looking for the right way of knowing the world. Different societies tried different ways. Some of them are objective while others are subjective. For instance, Enlightenment and Romanticism have each made their society extremely objective and subjective, which neither made a good influence. In the circumstances of the destructiveness of both Enlightenment and Romanticism Worldview as they reach to the extremes, a balanced worldview between them, which seeks the truth with reason and strives to live life with moderate humanity, should become the right way for human beings to know the world.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) believed in a psychodynamic approach to psychology and focused on how the unconscious mind motivates the actions of a person. He believed that the psyche was divided into three parts (tripartite), the id, the ego and the superego, and all three develop at different stages in our lives. Whether we acknowledge the presence of this subconscious or not, it influences greatly the actions we engage in. The id (it), according to Freud, is the part of the brain that seeks pleasure, and is the most primitive part that makes up the personality. It holds all of our primal instincts and seeks immediate gratification.
Argumentative Essay: Is change positive, negative, or neutral? Change is inescapable. No matter which stage one is in life, changes, both of little or major consequence, are bound to happen. As human beings, to fear the concept of change is deep-rooted in our nature. While majority deem change as a negative occasion, it is arguable to consider it as otherwise.
I agree with the Freud concept of civilization that builds-up critical information of acquiring wealth and useful resources from nature. Throughout chapter 1, Freud criticizes how civilization influences the rules that control the actions of people. The actions may include harming others, but distribute wealth among them. At a point, Freud described that the knowledge to gain satisfaction and the rules of gaining wealth depend on each other. Importantly, the way people relate to each other is determined by how satisfied they are instinctual.