Personality Theory: Carl Rogers And Abraham Maslow, And Biological Perspectives

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Personality theory Introduction Personality is the way we behave in certain situations; our actions, and attitudes towards these situations. Personality is also the most important factor in individual uniqueness shaped by culture and past experiences. It is the consistency and the distinctiveness of our behavioural traits. In psychology, five factors can help verify ones personality type. They are openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, neuroticism, and agreeableness. There are also different perspectives from various psychologists, namely; Psychodynamic perspective, our unconscious motivations – Sigmund Freud & Carl Jung; Behavioural perspective, how our environment influences us – B.F. Skinner & Albert Bandura; Humanistic perspective, our inner drive for growth – Carl Rogers & Abraham Maslow; and Biological Perspectives, our genetic inheritance - Hans Eysenck. All these theories explain why and how we feel and think in a certain way in a situation, the choices we make or do not make, and how we have acquired a certain attitude. Let us take a look from the Humanistic perspective. Humanistic perspective Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow “Humanism is a psychological perspective that emphasizes the study of the whole person. Humanistic psychologists look at human behavior not only through the eyes of the observer, but through the eyes of the person doing the behaving” (Mcleod, 2015). Rogers focused self-actualization and states that, “the good life is a process not

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