PERSONALITY: “An individual characteristics pattern of thinking, feeling and acting (Winston, 1937).” Explanation: Personality studies behavior, cognition, emotions and motivation that effects the individual’s attitude, expectations and values. Usually the personality splits into different parts often called Big Five theory (Lucas, 2004). The five components included in this theory are: Emotional stability. Openness. Extroversion.
16 Personality Factor (16 PF) Introduction There have been different definitions of personality. According to Allport, Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior and thought (1961). According to Eysenck, personality is influenced by a combination of genetics, biological factors and environment. Day to day when we describe peoples personalities, we refer to terms such as kind, funny, outgoing and worriers etc. these are known as trait terms and Eysenck asserts that we have some of these traits from birth.
It is the personality trait, negatively related to Psychoticism and along with Conscientiousness is generally the major exponent of social behavior. e. Conscientiousness: Finally Conscientiousness is associated with responsibility and persistence. This factor is having the second order dimensions of competence, dutifulness, order, self-discipline, achievement striving and deliberation. Such individuals are best known for their characteristics such as efficiency, determination, organization and productivity. It is no wonder that subsequently this personality dimension has been reported to be much related with various types of performance.
INTRODUCTION " Personality is the moral force governing body within the individual of those psychophysical scheme that determine his characteristics behavior and though " (Allport, 1961, p. 28). “A combine of attribute that makes a person unique” (Weinberg & Gould, 1999). One inclusive definition for personality is by Pervin (1996, p.414. pg.3) who cited: " Personality is the intricate associations of insights, influences, and practices that provide guidance and example to the individual 's life. Like the body, Personality comprises of both structures and forms and reflects both nature (qualities) and nurture(understanding).
Framework of the study Personality refers to the uniqueness of a person be defined as different from others. It is one of the factors that give identity to a person. In the Big Five Model of Personality, an individual’s personality can be interpreted in a continuum. The personality type can be determined based on the plotting of scores in the Big Five Personality assessment. The types include openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness and neuroticism.
Cattell defines traits as a “relatively permanent reaction tendencies that are the basic structural units of the personality” (as cited in Schultz and Schultz, 2013). In other word, the combination of these traits could develop individual personality. There are several theories used to explain the individual personality and the most common one that the researcher chooses in this study is The Five Factor Model of Personality. The Five Factor Model of Personality were includes the extraversion, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness and agreeableness to experience as the factors that affect personality. Personality of an individual is an important element that determines some aspects of behavior and it would also have an impact towards their thought, emotions and respond to others.
What is personality? Personality is the sum of total ways in which individuals reacts to and interact with others. Personality is the expression of a person’s traits according to ones feelings, mentality, and behavior. It’s an expression from within an individual and is comparatively regular throughout the individuals’ life. Different people have different personality depending on the environment and genetic composition.
The two personality types In trying to understand what makes a person behave, think, and react in a certain manner, psychologists teased out the science of a personality type. From their extensive research, they found various personality types in people. However, the two most essential personality types visibly manifesting in human beings are extroverted and introverted personality types (Pappas, 2013). These personality types are the foundation of humans’ interactions with the physical and abstract environment. The first personality type is the extroverted personality type and can be described as a person who largely receives energy from the outwardly or externally.
Every human being is unique. With different walks of life, background, race, culture and religion, it makes up different personalities in each individual. There are many kinds of personality tests that are being developed by researchers to have a better understanding of an individual’s personality. One of the most common taxonomies in personality research is The Big Five Personality Test. In general, The Big Five Personality Test has five major factors of personality traits which are the openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (refer to Figure 1 in Appendix 1).
Cattell is one of the main proponents of trait theory, a model of personality that seeks to identify the basic traits necessary to describe personality. Traits are enduring dimensions of personality characteristics along which people differ. Cattell and his colleagues first discovered the primary traits, which provide the most basic definition of individual personality differences. These more specific primary traits are more powerful in understanding and predicting the complexity of actual behavior. Next, these researchers factor-analyzed the primary traits themselves in order to investigate personality structure at a higher level.