Personality's Influence On Personality

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Personality is an essential part of every human being that impacts all of our experiences. As defined by Allport (1961), personality is “a dynamic organisation, inside the person, of psychological systems that create the person’s characteristic patterns of behaviour, thoughts and feelings”. Many researchers have taken interest in personality due to the impact personality has on us internally and externally, where our thoughts, emotions, and behaviours are constantly influenced by our personality which in turn affects our environment. Psychoanalysis has had a great influence on our understanding of how personality develops and the importance of each factor, where concepts from the psychoanalysts are still in use today. The psychoanalysts are…show more content…
Freud proposed three levels of the mind: the conscious, preconscious, and unconscious. The conscious level includes thoughts that we are actively aware of, the preconscious contains thoughts that can be easily retrieved from the unconscious into the conscious mind, and the unconscious mind consists of feelings, beliefs, and thoughts that we are unaware of. Based on Freud’s structural model of the mind, our behaviours are motivated our unconscious which includes the id and parts of the ego and superego structure of personality. He believes that we are governed by our instincts which originates from our id. Our instincts include life instincts such as instincts for food, water, sex, and aggression, and death instincts. The id’s main function is to satisfy these instincts, acting based on the pleasure principle. It is modulated and supported by the ego, which acts according to the reality principle, where the expression of these instincts is portrayed in a socially acceptable manner to increase the possibility of these instincts being satisfied. Our superego, which consists of our morals and ethical thoughts, can inhibit or encourage certain instinctual behaviours caused by the id which goes against the superego (Holmes, 2011). It causes a conflict with the ego as it inhibits behaviours or thoughts from the id while the ego’s purpose is to allow the expression of such thoughts from the id. As such, this shows that the id motivates our thoughts and behaviour while the ego and superego modulates them and the process occurs in our unconscious mind. Hence, the unconscious mind motivates our behaviour through the three structures of our
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