9). In regards to the abolitionist movement, Solomon Northup’s slave narrative was particularly important because it revealed the inhumane treatment, such as the brutal beatings done by masters and overseers, the sexual use of slave women and the merciless separation of families, and in his personal case the abuse of the Fugitive Slave
In “The Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass”, Douglass narrates in detail the oppressions he went through as a slave before winning his freedom. In the narrative, Douglass gives a picture about the humiliation, brutality, and pain that slaves go through. We can evidently see that Douglass does not want to describe only his life, but he uses his personal experiences and life story as a tool to rise against slavery. He uses his personal life story to argue against common myths that were used to justify the act of slavery. Douglass invalidated common justification for slavery like religion, economic argument and color with his life story through his experiences torture, separation, and illiteracy, and he urged for the end of slavery.
The oppression of black people according to Fanon deals with psych-analytic theory to show the dependency of black people. The work by Fanon explains the divided state of black subject’s mind that constantly faces the divide. These black subjects are devoid of any true identity or self-esteem. Thus these natives in the white world are now ready to embrace the culture of Europe. It produces an inferiority complex so they in a white world become abnormal, because their self is denied to them and moreover depicted as villains by whites in their magazines, papers and cartoon forces blacks to internalize their inferiority.
Morrison takes her turn to denounce slavery and long for the freedom on behalf of all slaves.To show the historical truth that collective struggle is the only practical solution for African People, Morrison writes a historical novel, Beloved, which explores most oppressed period of slavery in the history of African people. The novel portrays successful development of the "black identity" in times when a black person was denied it. Morrison reveals the horror of slavery in explicit detail, elaborating upon the physical and mental abuses suffered by Sethe, Paul D, and the other Sweet Home slaves. Beloved not only speaks for the slaves whose voices were silenced, but also contributes to Morrison's critique of the aesthetics that has dominated American culture and its canon of literature. The novel is based on a newspaper clipping about a fugitive slave in Ohio who killed her own infant rather than sees her return to bondage in the South.
“And the heart shall be weary and wonder and cry like the sea, without avail, As the water all night long is crying to me.” (Dubois). Dubois is using an analogy he is comparing the sea to his tears a life long cry that is almost never ending. Next Dubois uses an allusion. ¨Years have passed away since then, -ten, twenty, fourty; years of National life, fourty years of renewal and development, and yet the swarthy spectre sits in its accustomed seat at the Nations feast.¨ (Dubois). He's saying for years the development of hate and/ or love of have grown over the years.
Dubois along with Ellison tries to demolish the negative image and arise a positive one in this novel. The notion of double consciousness emphasizes the pain of black people in a racist society. And Ellison’s invisibility is talking about race, the black race in America that has been rendered invisible because of the predominant “Euro-centric” notion of superiority. He feels that the Americans cannot see anything beyond the black skin and the only mark of distinction is the White and Black Skin. They fail to understand the fact that even the blacks are individuals and have an
Right off the bat starting with Tom’s Gang, Twain satirizes these romanticist tropes relentlessly. Thus, by not following romanticism, Twain presents slavery and racism wholly, as it was without any rose-tinted glasses. This is a significant factor in the novel, and one of the reasons such controversy has stirred around this perceived issue. In the same sense, Twain embraces realism, attempting to give a true to life representation of the world Huck and Jim live in. Towards the end, plans to free Jim have been labeled by critics as a return to minstrelsy, but under the surface they represent the systematic oppression of freed slaves and African Americans.
Langston Hughes investigates the emotional anguish caused by discrimination through Slave on the Block, and The Blues I’m Playing using overt racism, covert racism, and classism. Hughes is able to prove how discrimination causes emotional anguish through characterizing individuals as overt racists in The Slave on the Block. Mrs. Carraway, a bossy, middle class white folk, is said to be “an evident racist. She reveals her contempt for black servants, especially if they talk back to her” (Kellman 4017) . Mrs.
In terms of analyzing the relationships between slaves and slaveholders in the ancient time or the feudal system of the Medieval, there was always the unequal treatment of people and the exploitation of the work of lower classes. The theories of social inequality offered by Marx and Weber both reflect the idea of social class as a construct of the society. While Marx traces the roots of the issue of the division to the antiquity and the feudal times claiming that the modern capitalism is only a transformation of the previous orders, Weber emphasizes a more complicated construction with relation to the social class. Identifying also the impact of other factors, Weber promotes a more comprehensive understanding of the issue within the modern society. In any case, in spite of the reasons and the foundation of the inequality issue and its foundational meaning in the development of the civilization, it still might be necessary to reduce the impact of class division on the lives of
This then created a false history and a false sense of identity among black youth. This internalization had devastating effects on all aspects of the community, internally and externally. Education was one of the main mechanisms used during the apartheid to maintain social order in South Africa. Education was highly segregated, “education has been manipulated for stratification purposes, that is, how it is being used as an instrument of social engineering (SOURCE)”. Education is known as one of the main socializing factors, according to Emile Durkheim.