Many individuals would get sick and without the proper medicine or cure their chances of survival were slim. Thankfully, scientists began research with the aid of animals. These measures led to several vaccines that would save thousands of lives. Life expectancy rose as the number of vaccines rose. “Millions of people were immunized against smallpox, polio, and major childhood killers such as measles, which in turn, led to a sixty percent increase in children reaching adulthood between 1850-1900” (Living Longer).
Then the next day FDR went for a swim to ease the pain but as the day went on he could feel his legs becoming weaker. Then on the 3rd day he couldn’t hold his own weight. First FDR went to see a doctor that gave him a wrong diagnosis but the in August of 1921 diagnosed FDR with infantile paralysis which was the name for polio at that time. Then in 1929 Philip Drinker and Louis Shaw made the iron lung to help respiration. Later in 1931 Sir Macfarlane Burnet and Dame Jean McNamara discovered that there were 3 types of the polio virus.
Two diseases like smallpox and polio have been wiped out in the United States. Other cases like measles, mumps, tetanus, whooping cough and other life-threatening illnesses have been reduced by more than 95% (Williams 18). We have made two diseases totally go away and we have made other diseases reduce so they could possibly go away but using vaccines. Vaccines are protecting us from diseases all over. We keep improving.
Seventy-three percent of animals every year are being put down due to animal cruelty. This percentage is proof of how much animal experimentation has increased in the last 15 years. This is because of the terrible care that animals are being put through, people debate about whether animal testing should happen at all. Some people believe though that animal testing is quite useful in many ways. The people that see animal testing as being useful, think that without animals, medicine and the military would not be where they are today. However, both sides of the animal cruelty argument, in favor of animal testing and against animal testing, prove points that people should see. Nevertheless, despite the belief that animal testing is beneficial,
When putting on your lipstick, do you know what brand your lipstick is? If you are not aware, you might indirectly support animal testing without realizing it. Animal testing is a scientific experiment performed on animals to study the effects of drugs, cosmetic products and other chemical products on humans. In other words, it is used to evaluate the effectiveness of new drugs. About 1.4 million animals die each year because of animal testing. Science researches believe that products which have been tested on animals will make humans’ life better. However, the main concern on this issue is that animals are suffering from unnecessary pain. Animals are mostly exposed to radiation, forced to inhale poisonous gases and injected with harmful substances prior to the experiment. Thus, animal testing should be banned because it is cruel, the result is unreliable and expensive.
Imagine an enraged animal rights activist charging toward a scientist in a white lab coat, desperate to free the little mice that are being used as test subjects. Although comical, this scene may be quite accurate when describing the passion that animal lovers have when it comes to the touchy subject of animal testing. For centuries, animal testing has been used in the medical research field, however many are now beginning to question whether it is ethical. Millions of animals are killed per year due to animal testing, so is this practice worth banning? Animal testing is a controversial subject, with supporters pointing out the medical advances that have stemmed from animal research and animal rights activists declaring it cruel and immoral. However, both sides agree that it would be beneficial to reduce animal suffering by finding alternatives to this practice.
Epidemics were in 1927, 1936, 1941 and 1952. People were very scared of this painful disease. The public began "To regard [polio] as a fierce monster that lurked in the damp hollows of their experience," -Jane S. Smith, Patenting the Sun: Polio and the Salk
Polio: An American Story written by David Oshinsky highlights the journey to the discovery of a vaccine which would finally put an end to the once mysterious disease, Poliomyelitis. The journey begins in Otter Valley, Vermont, as it was the first Polio epidemic to be documented in the United States. Unknowingly, it would take years after the first epidemic in 1894 to find a solution for this frightening illness. The disease dates back to ancient time, with cases describing the victims to be left with disfigured limbs and some eventually to be paralyzed. Oshinsky identifies that the disease appeared in three phases: endemic, which occurs in a sporadically within a group of people, epidemic, in which it affected many people and spread rapidly,
The influenza pandemic was devastating among those infected and was responsible for the death of 675,000 Americans and 50 million people all over the world in 1918. As a result of this devastation, vaccines were formulated to prevent future outbreak of deadly and viral diseases, some becoming required by law. However, today many people have decided to boycott any form of vaccination whether it be for their children, or even their pets, due to the modern theory that they may weaken new immune systems. History has proven over time that vaccinations are absolutely effective in preventing dangerous strains of illnesses while saving countless lives since their creation and should be given to all children and at-risk adults.
Of all the branches of modern medicine, vaccinology can claim to be the one that has contributed most to the spectacular increase in life expectancy in the last two centuries. Currently, it is estimated that immunization saves the lives of 3 million children a year but 2 million more lives could be saved by existing vaccines. The Science Behind Why Vaccines Help Some scientists estimated the population-wide benefits of routinely vaccinating US children against influenza.
“In 1954 he developed the original vaccine that led to virtual eradication of paralytic polio in industrialized countries. ”(“Jonas Edward Salk”1). Salk helped people in other countries and even around the world. He helped countless children. “The first large polio epidemic in the United States occurred in 1916, when 6,000 people died and 27,000 were paralyzed”(Petersen 1).
Animal Testing is Inhumane. Multiple species are dying by normal nature happenings, such as being eaten or something like that. However, that 's just the life cycle. But even with this ongoing cycle, the deaths that happen in it don 't get anywhere close to the amount of animals killed by us humans. Each year, 100 million animals, including mice, rats, dogs, frogs, cats, and more, are all killed for scientific usage. These are usually used for new medicines, vaccines, etc. But is it really worth it? Killing off helpless animals for our own use? Obviously it 's not.