More than eight hundred and twenty thousand animals were tested in 2016, according to a news article entitled animal experimentation, and many products, like popular makeup brands, use animals in an inhumane and unacceptable. As demand for products and medical cures increase, animal cruelty and testing has skyrocketed as well. Most people think that household items come from a factory where everything is created without animal participation. Unfortunately, many animals are used in many household items are from animal involvement, including everyday things such as soap. Rather often than not, people use many things tested by animals on a daily basis that you may not know about.
Conducting research on animals for human purposes is something that has been practiced for centuries. However, this topic has become extremely controversial after numerous loud outcries from animal rights organisations such as well-known PETA, Mercy For Animals, In Defence of Animals, and many others. Society has become aware of some spine-chilling and alarming statistical analyses which show that only in the US, more than 25 million animals are used for testing purposes on a yearly basis. Such insight divided the world on those who accept the sacrifice of animals for the sake of enhancing human lives, and on those who are completely startled by the sheer cruelty and lack of humanity in the 21st century. And yet, it is difficult to be completely biased and think we should stop animal testing once and for all.
Is Animal Testing Worth It? Every single year, over 100 million animals are mutilated, burned, poisoned, and killed for the sake of cosmetic and drug testing in the United Stated alone (11 Facts about…). A majority of these animals end up looking motley with blood and dye, emaciated, or dead. A lot of cosmetic companies furtively claim to be cruelty free, but they belong to ‘parent companies’ that authorize and perform animal testing. A majority of these experiments on animals are flawed or not carried out properly.
The practice of animal testing is a very debatable topic. “Each year, more than 100 million animals, including mice, rats, frogs, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, monkeys, fish, and birds are killed in U.S. laboratories” (Experiments). “The term “animal testing” refers to procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases assessing the effectiveness of new medicinal products, and testing the human health and/or environmental safety of consumer and industry products such as cosmetics, household cleaners, food additives, pharmaceuticals and industrial/agro-chemicals” (About). There are numerous pros and cons of using animals in experiments for humans for our everyday needs. There is different pros for animal testing, including helping researchers to find drugs and treatments, help ensure the safety of drugs, there are no other testing alternatives, and it provides an opportunity to examine a complete life cycle.
Over 25 million animals are used for experimentation each year in the United States alone. These animals include dogs, cats, rabbits, pigs, sheep, monkeys, and more (Neavs). Animal testing, animal experimentation, and animal research all refer to the experimentation carried out on animals. It is used to test the safety and effectiveness of products as well as understanding how the human body works (Murnaghan). It’s often used to test products as a safety precaution before they are released to the public.
Animals Testing Is animal testing necessary?. Should we ban expending animals in medical research or not?. More than 26 million animals are used in different countries like the United States and Canada. Animal testing may by defining as the use of animals in experiments and research that seeks to control the variable that impacts the behavior or biological system under study. Using large number of animals is mainly meant to find treatments and cure for certain diseases.
Issues related to animal testing are now frequently discussed. The debate about animal testing is often about if it is morally right or wrong to dominate an animal’s life to achieve human's various goals. In recent years, experiments on animals such as mice and monkey for biomedical research has been heavily critisized by various animal protection groups that such action is inhumane against animals. Animals in research facilities and cosmetics companies are suffering in pain and even death during experiments. An estimated 26 million animals are used in animal testing every year in the United States.
2.0 Body Content 2.1 Reduction A way of justifying animal testing is to reduce the number of animals involved in animal testing. In 1970s, 5.5 million of various animals including chimpanzees, dogs, mice, rabbits, monkeys etc. are involve in the medical research field as test subjects for various experiments (PETA, 2014). However, some experiments were not beneficial to the development of the medical field but cost over a million dollar. In the United States of America, 16 billion dollars had been used on animal experimentation- 1.9 million dollars are used on the experimenting on heart diseases on dogs conducted by Ohio State University, 5 million dollars were used on obesity experiments conducted by Oregon National Primate Research Centre, while 16 million dollars were used by Harvard University to fund 1200 individual experiments on drug addiction by using monkeys as test subjects.
Animal experimentation has been documented for hundreds of years. The initial use of testing on animals instead of humans is credited to ancient physicians in Greece. These physicians decided to use animals as their test subjects for medicine, as opposed to using humans, because of taboos in their community. They believed that by testing on animals they would be granted a higher ranking in the “scala naturae” or the chain of being (Franco). 15 centuries later and animals are still subjected to the cruelty they have been facing for over 1000 years.
Over 100 million animals are used as test subjects in the world, with approximately 26 million of them in the United States. Sadly, a majority of the time the products that are being tested on animals are not even effective once human trials begin. Consumers might object that if the products were tested to be safe on animals then they would be safe for humans. Yet, 92% of the times the products actually work in animal trials they are later deemed too dangerous or uneffective for people. Which means that most of the animals used in scientific testing are being abused for no apparent reason.
Animal testing has always been a controversial and emotive topic. Each year, millions of innocent animals suffer and die in cruel chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics tests, as well as in biology lessons, medical training exercises, and curiosity-driven medical experiments at universities (“PETA Makes Its Case Against Animal Testing” 3). Think of any drug, cosmetic or household cleaner. Chances are, at one time or another, an animal suffered in order to put that product on the shelf. As many as 800 animals are sometimes tested, experts note, before a drug is determined to be safe enough to proceed to a clinical trial (“Animal Testing” 2).
There is much controversy over whether or not animals should be used to test new procedures and medications. I personally believe that animal testing is crucial to scientific development. Every life lost is a tragedy but as seen in the story, Flowers for Algernon, by Daniel Keys, it will help us determine what will happen to a human test subjects without human losses. In this essay I will support my belief that animal research is important to human survival and is worth the risk. Animal research has played a vital part in nearly every medical breakthrough over the last decade.
No matter how far genetic engineering advances there will always be issues and bumps along the road. If genetic engineering is experimented, babies will be born with defects unseen and unheard of by our current generation. In today’s world, babies are born with natural defects everyday. However, doctors and scientists all over the world are working to cure these diseases and the infant mortality rates have plummeted as science has improved. If as a society, we condoned genetic engineering we would open pandora’s box to new and unseen illness and abnormalities that will take years possibly even decades to cure (if there is a cure).
Why animal testing is necessary People would argue that animal testing is essential to find cures for illness. Animal testing has helped find, develop cures and treatments. Since in the past 100 years of testing it has resulted in many successes. Experimentation in dogs helped lead to the discovery of insulin, but the dog’s pancreas were removed as a result. Laboratory research on animals has helped researchers have a better understanding on treating illnesses such as breast cancer, brain injury, leukemia, malaria, and much more (ProCon.org).
Complication rates are getting higher with new unqualified surgeons. A big reason is that most of the dogs used for testing can’t produce. Vet schools are not acting ethically in their use for educational programs. 2. The veterinary schools should make some changes.