In the 1950’s a wonder drug named thalidomide was released before being tested on any living organisms. It was later found the drug was not good for people after 10,000 children were born with missing limbs and malformations (Hajar,2011). over the years laws have been made so that a drug must go through many forms of testing to prove that it is safe for human consumption. The most common way to test whether a drug or substance is useful to humanity is animal testing. For many decades people have been using animals for research and testing of drugs and various other types of research.
Imagine an animal testing laboratory, what comes to mind? Cheerful bunnies running around while the scientists get ready to wash them with the newest non-FDA approved shampoo? In a perfect world, maybe, but in our world, animals in laboratories are subject to live in cages, deprived of common needs, and endure painful injuries. Most don’t realize the harsh reality that comes with animal experimentation. Over 100 million animals are used each year to test new chemicals and drugs for proper human use and consumption.
Even the cost of animal experimentations is more expensive than alternative methods. Nevertheless, there are some companies that feed and purchase animals for
Depending on the vitalness of the genes removed, this could even be mortal. Secondly, though DNA changes can easily be made to individual cells in a laboratory, for a change to be expressed in an organism, it must be made to all cells in that organism. This can be tackled by using a virus containing a programmed Cas9 molecule. The virus will introduce Cas9 into the cells it infects. However, the effects that using a virus may provoke are yet unknown.
Since the majority of animals used in biomedical research are killed during or after the experiments, and since many suffer during the studies, the lives and wellbeing of animals are routinely sacrificed for poor research that won’t even help find a treatment for humans. Paul Furlong, Professor of Clinical Neuroimaging at Aston University (UK), declares,"It 's very hard to create an animal model that even equates closely to what we 're trying to achieve in the human." Thomas Hartung, Professor of evidence-based toxicology at Johns Hopkins University, also joined in on the argument asking for alternatives to animal testing because "we are not 70 kg
Millions of animals are abused and left to die a long exhausting death each year. Many people don’t know that the cosmetic products they own are tested to see if the products are safe for humans. In the process of the testing animals are tested using harmful chemicals that often burn the animal’s skins and the ruthless workers leaving them to die a long painful death. Animal testing is inhumane and should be banned. Animal testing kills and tortures millions of animals each year.
I’m here today to talk about a controversial issue that has been around for a period of time, animal testing. Animal testing using animals in experiments with different chemical substances in everything from medical to cosmetic to determine their safety as well as effectiveness . It’s a problem that has existed since the 3rd and 4th centuries BCE with its merciless methods and painful ways of abusing animals for human demands, but now it’s time for it to stop. Our technology has developed significantly since; therefore, such medieval methods of torturing animals are no longer necessary. Researches have shown that each year, over 100 million animals are tortured and killed in American laboratories alone, including dogs, cats and more; this shows how far out of hand animal testing have gotten.
The practice of animal testing is a very debatable topic. “Each year, more than 100 million animals, including mice, rats, frogs, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, monkeys, fish, and birds are killed in U.S. laboratories” (Experiments). “The term “animal testing” refers to procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases assessing the effectiveness of new medicinal products, and testing the human health and/or environmental safety of consumer and industry products such as cosmetics, household cleaners, food additives, pharmaceuticals and industrial/agro-chemicals” (About). There is numerous pros and cons for using animals in experiments for humans for our everyday needs. There is different pros for animal testing including helping researchers to find drugs and treatments, help ensure safety of drugs, there are no other testing alternatives, and it provides an opportunity to examine a complete life cycle.
Although people irrefutably need sustenance to survive, humans have developed an unbalanced reliance on creatures like cows and chickens as their main food source. “In the United States, about 35 million cows, 115 million pigs, and 9 trillion birds are killed for food each year” (Vegetarianism). This constant demand for meat illustrates the endless cycle of breeding animals and then slaughtering them. However, many first-world countries hold a surplus of provisions that supplies more than enough to feed their people, making the use of livestock pointless.
Laboratory research on animals has helped researchers have a better understanding on treating illnesses such as breast cancer, brain injury, leukemia, malaria, and much more (ProCon.org). What else is the best option to test a hypothesis on other than a person. The best way to test a hypothesis is on a living organism since humans and animals both have very integrated bodies. Since testing, a drug requires a body to circulate blood throughout the body to get the full effect to be able to see the full potential of the side effects, which may include blindness, which cannot be determined on just tissue. Human and animal DNA is very similar to mice, mice are 98% genetically similar to humans and they all have the same set of organs as a human.
Animal testing has always been a controversial and emotive topic. Each year, millions of innocent animals suffer and die in cruel chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics tests, as well as in biology lessons, medical training exercises, and curiosity-driven medical experiments at universities (“PETA Makes Its Case Against Animal Testing” 3). Think of any drug, cosmetic or household cleaner. Chances are, at one time or another, an animal suffered in order to put that product on the shelf. As many as 800 animals are sometimes tested, experts note, before a drug is determined to be safe enough to proceed to a clinical trial (“Animal Testing” 2).
(Watts 183). Over $16 billion U.S. tax dollars are given to animal testing labs to pay for these expensive animals. Considering it is unnecessary for animals to be used in testing and that the U.S. government is $18.2 trillion dollars in debt, the money could be used
Despite these other ways, “Animal testing is used to measure how much of a drug or biologic is absorbed into the blood, how a medical product is broken down chemically in the body, the toxicity of the product and its breakdown components (metabolites), and how quickly the product and its metabolites are excreted from the body” (FDA, 2). Animal testing is the most effective way to learn whether or not a medicine is safe for human use. Also, the FDA is researching methods to test a medication without using animals, as they reported “There are still many areas where animal testing is necessary and non-animal testing is not yet a scientifically valid and available option. However, FDA has supported efforts to reduce animal testing. In addition, FDA has research and development efforts underway to reduce the need for animal testing and to work toward replacement of animal testing” (4).