Its focus is on improving overall health of the people within the community with emphasis on prevention, and attending to multiple determinants of health. This nursing practice involves advocacy, planning and policy development that will address issues of social justice. The nurse looks at the areas of concern in the community, assesses it, and plans ways by the concerns can be curtailed or resolved. The health concerns could be on infection control, health coaching, health maintenance, as well as home care visits for welfare and providing care foe members of community that may need
The theory can be put into practice by a) encouraging healthy behavior and through proper maintenance. For example, studying the behavior pattern in sickness can permit unhealthy practice of an individual to be taken into consideration. Similarly, analyzing beliefs of an individual can be helpful as it will help to change the behavior pattern. b) It has been seen that health psychologist try to study treatment and preventive strategies of “illness”. By adapting different coping strategies one can easily prevent the onset of different illness.
"The Nola Pender Health Promotion Model, 1996" is based on educating people on how to care for and lead a healthy life. This theory identifies in the individual cognitive-perceptual factors that are modified by the situational, personal and interpersonal characteristics, which results in the participation in behaviors conducive to health, when there is a pattern for action. She considers health as a high-level positive state, and takes it as a goal, towards which the person must strive to lead a healthy life. The objective of this model is to integrate both the nurse and the person regarding the behaviors that promote the human well-being, biological, psychological and sociocultural; It is visualized that the nursing professional should be
What is Health Education and Why is it Important? “Health Education is any combination of learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes” (World Health Organization [WHO], 2014). Health education is important because it increases the standard of living and its main focus is to saves lives. Health Education can influence someone’s behavior and choices. Many people in the United States make choices that are hazardous to their health because they are not enrolled in an health education class.
Helping the community find resources and providing necessary information about a different health condition, actions to take to improve their condition/ problem and decrease adverse effects, and outcomes that can be achieved from following those steps will increase their understanding and help them to take actions towards their health creating a better community. Explain how the community’s current environment (physical or social or both) affects an individual’s health. The current environment of this community has a tremendous and positive impact on the individual’s health. Many individuals in this community testified that the Clare housing had helped them in securing a place to live and provide them with food. These are essential needs that must be met before any intervention or meaningful interaction can happen.
8.1 Personal Context: Health education helps to teach the people how they may improve their living conditions and maintain good health. It aim at developing their sense of responsibility for taking good care of their health conditions as individuals, members of families, and as part of the communities. In communicable disease control, health education commonly includes an appraisal of what is known by a population about a disease, an assessment of habits and attitudes of the people as they relate to spread and frequency of the disease, and the presentation of specific means to remedy observed deficiencies. 8.2 Social context: Health education is also an effective tool that helps improve health in developing nations. It not only teaches prevention and basic health knowledge but also conditions ideas that re-shape everyday habits of people with unhealthy lifestyles in developing countries.
- Introduction Health literacy is about how a person is able to have access to health information that is accurate, understandable and actionable. It is dependent on the communication skills between individuals and a professional. Health literacy is important internationally where basic skills is needed to not only maintain, but also being able to access the healthcare system locally. In addition, an individual who have good health literacy would be able make an appointment, to use information given by the doctor and understand prescription on medication given. - Why is it important (outcomes) Health Literacy is important as limited health literacy is related with poor health.
A public health student has an obligation to study community health. This is important for the following reasons: need to acquire important knowledge, competencies, and skills to promote and protect the health of communities and populations by understanding and applying community approaches, an appreciation of culture, economics, politics, and psychosocial problems as determinants of health and illness. The core competencies in public health. (ANA 2007) Analytic assessment skills represent an important domain of public health worker competencies utilized when applying community participatory health promotion strategies. Public health worker should develop analytic assessment skills to pursue health promotion and prevention in partnership with
Nevertheless, public health communication still plays a prominent role in the prevention of diseases. As one of their tasks, the government is concerned with the improvement of overall health outcomes and is doing so by encouraging both a healthy lifestyle and a healthy environment for everyone. In addition, these healthy behaviors are stimulated by local authorities, insurance companies, healthcare institutions, schools and also many nonprofit organizations or companies (Rijksoverheid, 2015). Accordingly, these authorities and companies advocate healthy and discourage unhealthy behavior among the public by means of persuasive health communication. People do not only seek for health by engaging in healthy behaviors, they also anticipate on avoiding illness by not engaging in the unhealthy behaviors.
Prevention can be classified in primary, secondary and tertiary levels (Smith 2010). Primary prevention aims to avert diseases or injury before it ever occurs. This is done by limiting exposures to hazards and altering unhealthy or unsafe behaviours. Therefore public health agencies should monitor health status to establish community health issues. Should exposure occur, primary prevention is the resistance to disease or injury.