Recent reports from the Vera Institute of Justice calculated annual average cost per inmate to be $31,286 upwards to $60,076 in specific states. Overcrowded prisons lead to unsafe profit prison expansions, more taxpayer money spent on incarceration rather than education, and perpetuating the cycle of poverty to incarceration. The United States has more people incarcerated than any country on earth, more than communist china, which is an authoritarian country four times the size of America. There is no doubt that overcrowding exists in America. The private prison industry has been on the rise.
In this day and age, There are five times as many people in jail as there were in the 1970s. Almost 5 percent of the population of the United States will go to prison at in point of their life. Conservatives believe that imprisonment reduces crime in two ways: it removes criminals from the public so they can not commit more crimes, and it also discourages people who would commit a crime as they consider the consequences. Unfortunately, neither of these outcomes have come to be true. In fact, mass incarceration and “tough on crime” laws have been extremely ineffective that instead of reducing crime, it increases it.
One of the more obvious effects is the amount of money spent on our prisons, the United States prison system cost $80 billion annually. This is taxpayer money that can be used for schools, drug rehabilitation programs, supporting infrastructure and other things. The other effects of mass incarceration lie in the hands of those directly affected; the prisoners and their families. Former prisoners have harder times finding houses, jobs, and making a sustainable salary. This creates a sub-class of citizens that are likely to fall into the manmade cycle of criminal behavior again.
The massive overpopulation of prisons in the United States led to the idea that capitalism could help to reduce burdens and responsibilities of running prisons on the government. Creators of private prisons originally sold the idea that opening up prisons to the free market would bring in competition to drive down prices. In addition to lowering the burden on the government and taxpayers, the new Private run prison would implement real world job training as well as opportunities allowing those incarcerated to become contributing members of society upon release. While the initial salesman of private prison painted a beautiful
The gap between the wealthy and the impoverished will continue to grow, increasing the amount of people who will be at a disadvantage in our justice system due to their lack of wealth. With the death penalty still in place, these citizens will certainly be subjected to an unfair trial, like how Edward Elmore’s initial trial took only eight days. If his court-appointed defense team
The United States is home to half of the world’s total imprisoned population (BBC News). In the nineteenth century, solitary confinement was thought to promote reform in prisoners. However, modern research suggests that locking a human being in a jail cell the size of a handicap bathroom stall for more than 22 hours a day does more harm than good. In spite of these scientific discoveries, prisons in the United States continue to use solitary confinement as a method of incarceration. Due to the negative impact prolonged solitude has on the human mind, solitary confinement should be outlawed as a form of torture.
Thus, these prisoners are given the short end of the stick, because these companies are profiting off of them with little compensation for their work. These companies discovered that is much more profitable to use prison labor to produce their products than to utilize human labor from third world countries. Therefore, the prison-industrial system works to exploit prisoners. Instead of helping these prisoners better themselves, both the government and private-owned prison owners use prisoners to put money in their
Some undocumented immigrants commit crimes such as drug smuggling, or terrorism. Our policies on illegal immigration can diminish the problem by enforcing immigration laws, revoking birthright autonomy, and demanding proof of citizenship when applying for social services. Immigration has become a major problem in this country and needs to be restricted. Our economic implications would be beneficial towards the U.S. economy. Without the crutch of illegal immigrants holding us back, our U.S. economy can prosper more than ever.
After Hitler gained control over Germany, Germany lost 17,000 of its teachers. The reason Teachers were quitting at such a drastic rate was mainly due to the fact that they were getting a lot less money under the reign of Hitler. Before Hitler’s reign teachers would be paid 2,000 marks a year but when Hitler came into power teachers were only getting 1680 marks per year. To try and fix this problem the German government brought in unpaid substitutes that were willing to work for a very small amount of
The African American are less likely to make it through school system, this have resulted in the poor educational system. The educational system is just becoming ruined and eventually it would categorize everyone as underclass. This is the huge reason why African American male make up most of the prison and absent to their families. “In 1950, 17 percent of African American children lived in a home with their mothers and not their fathers. By 2010 that have increased to 50 percent.” “In 2010 there was 41 percent and today, the out of wedlock childbirth in the Black community sits at an astonishing 72 percent.” (YourBlackWorld).
This currently prevents many people from finding employment. Which leaves them with the only option to commit crimes again. He would give judges the power to depart from mandatory minimums laws if they are on the best interest of the law. This is would be very beneficial for us since people make stupid mistakes sometimes and life in prison is way too severe. Also having a person sent to prison cost money, especially if they have serve a life sentence.
6: After that the prison are making their own profit. 7: After that United State has second largest prisoners to citizen ratio in the world. 8: Finally, author compares the white Americans and Africans people booked in the drugs abuse crime. 9: He states that, Americans and Africans are much higher percent drugs abuse violation that can reduce rehabilitation, education, and poverties. 1: I disagree on the author point of view that there should be minimum sentences, because this will send wrong massage to drug addict people.
As a felon, coming out of prison all you know is how to live in prison, many are unsure how to go back into a normal functioning society and move along productively. Restoring, but also limiting their rights is a small way to show them that they are equal to all the others in society and keeps them from feeling like outcasts and the social pariahs that this world makes them out to be. Felons and Ex felons are equal to any other american citizen, their only difference is the ex felons have made mistakes in their past that have negatively affected them and their lives. However, mistakes made from the past should not affect people 's later lives in such a way that it can keep people from the obtaining the most basic of rights, this includes voting. Restoring the voting rights of ex felons would help them learn the value of the justice system and the law to strengthen their participation in average life practices.
One concern is that BWP leads to over incarceration, which Kelling and Bratton respond to this by admitting that, yes, it does; however, the crimes people are being imprisoned for are far less serious than those that are being prevented by BWP and their sentences are thus much shorter. But, the main concern is that SQF, and therefore BWP is inadmissibly discriminatory towards minorities. Once again, Kelling and Bratton give ground by not defending the abhorrent results of the 2011 SQF’s, which resulted in over 700,000 stops and only a 6% success rate. They instead talk about how much their methods have improved with far fewer stops and a higher success rate. This may seem like an odd way to address the claim of discrimination, but the point is that they now are making much more calculated decisions when stopping people, and not just frisking minorities at random.
By the government allowing corporations to buy, and build new prisons gave that much more of an incentive to keep the prisons flowing with inmates. According to Vicky Pelaez “Private prisons are the biggest business in the prison industry complex. About 18 corporations guard 10,000 prisoners in 27 states. Private prisons receive a guaranteed amount of money for each prisoner, independent of what it costs to maintain each one.” (6) Once you get trapped inside this prison machine they can and will work for cents a day. We are facing a modern day slave trade, and the sad thing is it is happening right under our noses.