And the age well known as ‘Cold War’ lasted to early1990’s. During the cold war, each of them tried to maintain the read in every part, especially military. They worried about the World War III, that’s why they tried to maintain the lead in military. And they manufactured nuclear weapons by ‘Nuclear Deterrence Theory’. Country Operational In storage Retired Total U.S 2,150 2.500 3,000 7,650 Russia 1,720 2,700 4,000 8,420 UK 160 65 225 Definition
Before the Cold War, Truman had been the one to make the final decision to use the first nuclear bomb and he saw the devastation it had brought with it. Eisenhower formerly was a general in the U.S. military. He believed that Truman’s preferred methods didn’t go far enough. During his time in office, Kennedy brought new ideas and methods in combating communism. Although each president’s style varied from each other, they were all trying to reach a common goal.
THE DOMINO THEORY: A NECESSITY OF CONTAINMENT, OR A TOOL OF CONTROL? Address Line 1 Address Line 2 Address Line 3 (optional) Name School and Class details Date of submission Abstract 1. Introduction The domino theory originated from the idea of “containment” that dominated American foreign policy throughout the Cold War period. In essence, the domino theory postulated that if a nation came under the influence of communism, or even fell under communist control, then the neighbouring nations would soon follow suit. The domino theory was rapidly incorporated into the Truman Doctrine, a policy which pledged US support to free nations fighting communism.
Blood, Toil, Tears, and Sweat was a speech given by Winston Churchill. This was his speech promising the British of his nonstop work to get the victory against Germany. He proposed a new government to Parliament respectfully in a speech. He helped give the military confidence so, they could go into war with their head head high. In the end, the British won the war.
On February 1, Woodrow Wilson released the extraordinary announcement of the Imperial German Government. The Imperial German Government’s purpose was to put aside all restraints of law or of humanity and use it’s submarines to sink every vessel. “The present German submarine warfare against commerce is a warfare against mankind,” Woodrow Wilson mentioned in his speech. This speech was monumental because it convinced American citizens entry into the war was necessary, brought America into a devastating war, probed America was a power of the world, brought women into workplaces, and it pushed for women’s suffrage. Not every
It had already been determined to what to expect from USSR. Winston Churchill, who was the former Prime minister of the Great Britain, was trying to assure European nations in the unity. Throughout this period, USA and western European countries vividly saw the threat of communism from USSR. During the cold war era there have been many international and historical facts: it was the establishment of communist regime in the western countries (1945-1948), creation of German democratic republic and federal republic of Germany (1949), Korean war (1950-1953), Vietnam war (1965-1972). These confrontations have seen the world potential nuclear power threat.
To examine the Cold War consensus, one must discuss the Cold War. The Cold war was the tension between the United States, standing for capitalism, and the USSR, standing for totalitarianism and socialism, following World War II. Although it was not a physical war between the two superpowers, many proxy wars had came out of it as way to spread or combat communism throughout the Free World. The Free World, as the U.S. came to define it, did not necessarily mean free as countries were being ruled by military regimes and dictatorships, but free from communism(70). During the Cold War, the spread of communism frighted the American People.
The Cold War was not a very “cold war” or fought in a cold weather, it was a war between the USA and the Soviet Union. Both countries owned the weapon of mass destruction, namely, the atomic bomb. The atomic bomb is what killed masses of people in the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki during WW2. In both nations people were all afraid of atomic bombs so they practiced a kind of self defense technique called “duck and cover”. This method imitated the turtle’s defense technique, hiding back inside its shell when danger was near.
After World War 1 had ended, the world leaders spoke seriously to prevent upcoming future wars but since Hitler had come to power, Hitler violated the treaty of Versailles and began to make his army. Hitler reoccupied the Rhineland and militarized it with the army. He created a lot of many new tactics and military strategies that stunned the European nations before World War II. One of the military tactics he used was Blitzkrieg which was also known as the "Lightning war" but before that Hitler had to test it on a nation. Hitler stunned Europe with the speed and efficiency of the German attack on Poland.
The realization of nuclear war, in many ways, was a wake up call for America, the Soviets and the world. Certainly, both countries contributed to the causes of the Cuban Missile crisis, but it is hard to argue that both superpowers anticipated such a crisis. The nationalization of American Companies, the Bay of Pigs fiasco and the discovery of suspected missiles in Cuba by US spy planes were the main contributors to the Cuban Missile crisis. Luckily for the two superpowers, they were able to come to an agreement in which Khrushchev proposed to destroy his nuclear capabilities if America withdrew their missiles from Turkey. If this had not been reached, the picture today would be bleak.
Dissimilar to other presidents, Regan facilitated an end to communism around the world through his pro-active stance with the Soviet Union in the following exchanges: the INF Treaty and the Cold War. Regan’s main goal when coming into office was to end the feud with Russia. His first step in doing this was creating the INF Treaty. The INF Treaty happened to be the first stage of progress in ending the cold war. The INF Treaty eventually led to the destruction of 859 American and 1,836 Soviet nuclear missiles.
Ronald Reagan met the challenge head on to bring the Soviet Union to their knees. Ronald Reagan exploited the Soviets economic vulnerabilities. Reagan out spent the USSR in defense to produce as arms race to bankrupt and eventually take Gorbachev out of power. The effect Ronald Reagan had on the Cold War was phenomenal. “The West, he said won’t contain communism, it will only transcend communism.
Likewise, the author concentrates on Dwight Eisenhower 's endeavors to maintain a strategic distance from an atomic clash. For instance, Gaddis gives a description of how Ike 's single war-plan, if embraced, could have prompted the dropping of more than 3000 atomic weapons on every communist country. In this way, this formed into "shared guaranteed demolition" and an understanding that restricted every side to guarding themselves against long-run atomic warheads. In conclusion, the author concentrates on visionary people who changed the course of war and bought it to an end. As needs be, Gaddis respects the "saboteurs of the present state of affairs, for example, Ronald Reagan, Lech Walesa, Pope John Paul II, Margaret Thatcher, Mikhail Gorbachev and Deng
The long fall of communism was a necessity to the nature of history and peace. The point of the USSR was to compete with the United State until it would eventually destroy. Little did they know that the USSR and the rest of the Soviet Union and communist would fall instead because of lacking stability and leader. It was known that the first 2 nuclear powers were making bets that the other wouldn’t attack the other, but they would retaliate if they did. This then called for scientific and industrial advancements, investments, etc.
The United States and the Soviet Union’s alliance came to an end from 1945-1950. Then from 1947 to 1991, the Cold War took place and these two nations were competitors at every thing they did during the war. Both nations wanted to have the main influence an impact on life throughout the world. They wanted global charge and other nations to follow the same economic and political systems. The Cold War put both of these nations at test to see who could succeed the most.