Childhood poverty is a serious issue across the world. For children, poverty is defined as the deprivation of necessary aspects of life such as, nutrition, health, water, education, or shelter. According to Unicef, 47 percent of those living in extreme poverty are 18 years old or younger which means that nearly 385 million children are living in poverty worldwide (based on data from 89 countries).This is a staggering result as this means that children account for almost half of the world’s extreme poor. According to the World Bank Group and Unicef, the youngest children are the worst off. More than one-fifth of children under the age of five in the developing countries face extreme poverty compared to 15% of 15-17 year old that live in poverty.It is appalling that children, as young as five years old are in danger.
The percentage of hunger in South Africa is very high, and this problem is not solved till now. This article will explain the hunger problem in South Africa, the causes of increasing the hunger, it affects and the previous solutions attempted to solve the problem. Hunger in South Africa has many causes. The First major cause of hunger is price inflation. According to kitissou (2014), January 2006 till June 2008, was the worst period in South Africa because prices of food were doubled.
Hunger in Ethiopia Every day the world develops widely and jumps great leaps in technology. Yet lots of unfortunate people die every minute caused by famines, civil wars, and rapacity of some who rape others rights and dreams of decent lives. Today in the 21th century shamefully, there are a lot of starve, literally, to death. Starvation is a severe deficiency in caloric energy intake. It is the most extreme form of malnutrition.
Poverty is a big problem in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the world. In the world, it is estimated that 1,4 billion people live at poverty line of $1,25 or below, (Global Issues, 2014). Besides the poverty, a lot of other issues are present, such as lack of clean water, famine and diseases. Some 1.1 billion people in developing countries have inadequate access to water, and 2.6 billion lack basic sanitation, (Global Issues, 2014). The most of the poverty is present in Africa and in the countries of the Third World.
Abstract Background: Malaria is a major contributor to child ill health; more than 10 million of the world’s children die each year before reaching the age of five. In Africa, where the majority of Malaria occurs, the highest mortality affects children less than 5 years of age. Objective: The objective of this study was to find out the prevalence rate and risk factors of malaria infection
Therefore in other to keep up with the rising demand of the growing population (not to improve the current situation), food production must increase by 70 percent by 2050 according to FAO. Sub-Saharan Africa has been noted to have the highest proportion of undernourished people in any region. Thus one in four are chronically hungry which reflects that increasing population growth leads to the worsening of the food security problem. The number of hungry people on the African continent continues to
3.8 MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM Childhood pneumonia is the single most leading cause of death among under-five children. According to 2000 WHO report around 156 million new episodes of childhood pneumonia occurred globally, in that 95% of them in developing countries, out of the above-mentioned cases 8.7% of pneumonia are life threatening and required hospital admissions (Rudan,2008). The incidence was estimated at 0.29 episodes per child-year in developing and 0.05 episodes per child year in developed countries (Rudan et al.2013). In the year 2010 the incidence was 0.22 episodes per child-year though it is reduced from the year 2000, it remains an important public health problem (CHERG, 2013). Africa and Southeast Asia are responsible for 70% of the worldwide deaths due to pneumonia (Singh 2005).
Mexico is experiencing an obesity epidemic. 73% of adults and 35% of children and adolescents are overweight or obese, that is, in total 60.6 million people (52% of Mexicans) suffer from this condition. Overweight and obesity (SPyO) is the main risk factor for disability and death for Mexicans. According to data from the Global Burden of Disease, SPyO is mainly associated with diabetes and cardiovascular disease, but also with bone and muscle disorders and some types of cancer. With that being said, it is clear that obesity is a problem and it is a problem that suffers more than half of the country.
This country is one of the top 10 countries with rabies problems. This disease is present in all countries except in Antarctica. Most of the people in the rural and underserved population are the target of this illness. In this chart, it shows the effects on rabies vary by continent. It shows that Asia has the highest number of deaths.
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION 1.1. Background of the Study Malnutrition is a public health problem which cause the deaths of 3.5 million under- five children per- year in the world, as well as it is the third in the world of the disease burden in this age group. Even though globally, childhood malnutrition declined relatively during the year 1990’s; its prevalence in Africa actually increased during 1990’. More than 25% of under-five children in the developing world are malnourished which accounts about 143 million children. Among these 143 million malnourished children, nearly three quarters (Bantamen et al., 2014).