Animal testing refers to procedures carried out on living animals for research purposes. As early as 500BC, descriptions of animal testing have been found in ancient Greek writings. Today, animal testing has been developed for several purposes, including scientific, medical and cosmetic purposes. According to Speaking of Research (2014), an international group that focuses on animal rights, the number of laboratory animals used is 834,453 in the US. Animal testing is a controversial topic in recent years as more and more people concern about animal rights.
Makenzie Palmer Mrs. Ulch English 1 2/13/18 Animal Testing What type of testing ends up using millions of animals every year for their experiments? These days many illnesses and diseases are in this world, these sometimes life threatening diseases are in need of a dependable cure. In order to find this unwavering cure there has to be some type of medical testing being done. A common type of testing being used these days is animal testing. Scientists are commonly using animals these days to test their studies.
And yet, it is difficult to be completely biased and think we should stop animal testing once and for all. However, in this essay, I will try to balance the controversy by outlining why such practices should be cut down significantly, but still kept in a certain percentage. First of all, it is important to mention that many human lives have been saved thanks to cures that have been first tested on animals. It is impossible to neglect the fact that there is a vast number of treatments and cures available, that wouldn’t have come to light if there hadn’t been series of experiments conducted on animals. Despite sounding unethical or immoral, we have to acknowledge that millions of lives have been saved.
However, the pill went on to cause more than 10,000 babies to be born with birth defects (Science). Thousands of babies had deformities because tests on hamsters and rats showed the pill to be effective. Additionally, “Animal tests on the arthritis drug Vioxx showed that it had a protective effect on the hearts of mice, yet the drug went on to cause more than 25,000 heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths before being pulled from the market” (Vioxx). Animal testing is extremely misleading in the medical field. Scientists attempt to link the results of testing drugs on animals to its effectiveness on humans.
The canines are considered as part of the family members more than as a domestic animal nowadays in most families. The bond between the animals and humans are inseparable. However, according to American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), there are approximately 1.5 million shelter animals are euthanized in every year (ASPCA, 2017). This implies that animal euthanasia is a controversial issue nowadays. There are several reasons the animals are euthanized and it depends on each case.
This cycle goes on and on. Yeah, you could say that in the last 100 years or so, many medical breakthroughs have happened because of animal testing. Well, the reason for that was because of the animals. Without animals we would have this and if you imagine what the animals had to go through to get where we are today, is just horrifying. Studies have shown that “According to Humane Society International, animals used in experiments are commonly subjected to force feeding, forced inhalation, food and water deprivation, prolonged periods of physical restraint, the
The rights of animals is a topic that comes up frequently, but people often turn their cheek the other way when it comes to their possessions being a product of cruelty. The experiments that animals in the testing world often go through can be described as borderline torture. And often, animals are bred specifically to be tested on. Animal testing is often used to test products such as cosmetics, drugs, food additives, supplements, household products, pesticides, and industrial chemicals (Murnaghan). These experiments let companies look at how much of a drug is absorbed into an
Issues related to animal testing are now frequently discussed. The debate about animal testing is often about if it is morally right or wrong to dominate an animal’s life to achieve human's various goals. In recent years, experiments on animals such as mice and monkey for biomedical research has been heavily critisized by various animal protection groups that such action is inhumane against animals. Animals in research facilities and cosmetics companies are suffering in pain and even death during experiments. An estimated 26 million animals are used in animal testing every year in the United States.
Animal testing, or animal research, is the use of animals in scientific tests to determine the safety of substances for humans. It is estimated that about 100,000- 200,000 animals are mutilated and/ or slaughtered for cosmetic, drug, food, and chemical testing. “Over 100 million animals are burned, crippled, poisoned, and abused in US labs every year.” Although this fact is dispiriting when you really think about it, there is a plethora of animal testing benefits. For instance, without animal research testing, the modern medicine that we have today would not exist. Animal testing has allowed scientist to find treatments such as: antibiotics, vaccines, insulin, HIV, & cancer drugs, which has saved millions of lives across the world.
For decades humans have tested on helpless animals with cosmetics, medicines and other medical supplies such as bandages, cleaning products, candy, and even office supplies. Animal experimentation is a cruel and inhumane act upon creatures who are believed to be fearless and painless. But, on the contrary, others believe that animal testing has become a groundbreaking way of research for numerous diseases. Although many have mixed feelings about animal testing, it is something that we must address and take seriously, realizing that it is a horrible act upon innocent animals. According to the Humane Society International, animals are commonly subjected to force-feeding, forced inhalation, food and water deprivation, and many other pain-inducing and life-threatening situations during such experiments.
The three R(s) fuel the fire of the argument that alternatives should be used in place of animal testing. Kelly Overton, a renowned activist, claims in her article Stop Animal Testing that animal testing is an obsolete practice by comparing it to old telegrams and eight track tapes. There are many others like her that believe animal testing should be replaced with newer methods such as stem cell research. However, the ethical debate of using animals for testing pales in comparison to the ethical debate of using stem cells; more studies need to be conducted before stem cells can be fully utilized but it does have great potential. According to PLOS Biology, a renowned peer reviewed scientific journal, it is possible for alternatives to be used as a complementary resource with the research of toxicology but more research and time is needed before they can completely replace animal testing in most cases.
Animal testing has always been a controversial and emotive topic. Each year, millions of innocent animals suffer and die in cruel chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics tests, as well as in biology lessons, medical training exercises, and curiosity-driven medical experiments at universities (“PETA Makes Its Case Against Animal Testing” 3). Think of any drug, cosmetic or household cleaner. Chances are, at one time or another, an animal suffered in order to put that product on the shelf. As many as 800 animals are sometimes tested, experts note, before a drug is determined to be safe enough to proceed to a clinical trial (“Animal Testing” 2).
In this circumstance many animal lovers are always worried about animals that are being killed due to animal testing. Yes, there are other alternatives such as using a human’s cell, computer models, etc. instead of killing animals. Also, animal testing is not always reliable and can’t predict how a human will react once being used on. But animal testing helps out everyone, whether people like it or not.
Personally, I stand for the use of animal testing as a beneficiary of science and human products. This relief of human suffering has been highly debated for many years. Animal testing has been a controversial topic that many companies and activists either strongly fight against or stand for. As previously mentioned, animal testing has assisted in scientific research to develop new products and vaccinations. For
A sleeping pill thalidomide caused 10,000 birth effects was tested on animals prior to its release, but it was not until later it was tested on pregnant animals. Researchers found out that to acquire the best result they had to give the animal a very high dose to obtain the same results to relate the birth defects in people. When researcher tested the arthritis drug Vioxx it results on animal testing were that it affected the hearts of mice. When Vioxx was disturbed to the public, it caused more than 27,000 heart attack and sudden cardiac deaths before it was removed from stores