Realist Theory Essay

1296 Words6 Pages
The post-cold war period invited many scholars to question, whether there is a dominant theory or hegemon that dictates the structure of the international relations. Lake claimed that, there is no dominant hegemon, international relations encompasses a diversity of theories that mould the international system (1987:127). From a personal stance, realism has had an upper hand than idealist because aid was founded on the realist ideology. This particular fact will be expanded on chapter four of the study, when the researcher delves into World Bank’s origin and purpose. Realism:This theory better explains this section of this study, it will argument that foreign aid is a tool used by Western donors to control poorer countries. According to Schraeder,…show more content…
By the time African governments reach a level of development, the rest of the world would be ten times beyond what they are. This is how realism wants the researcher and scholars, alike to view the theory before tabooing its values and beliefs on the organization of aid. Therefore, a state injects aid to an economically devastated country to maximize its own interests; the state then attach conditionalities to the loan which fuel the donor’s interests over the recipient’s expense. This is the reason why recipient countries alter their domestic foreign policies such as to: minimize government intervention, cut government expenditure and limit state welfare. It would be rash for an impoverished country not to accept foreign aid as its sovereignty would diminish through poverty and inability to control economic and social discourse. Kanbur (1999: 23-24) argues that, governments fail to include the citizens or put the citizen’s needs, first. Many developing countries lack transparency, accountability, and public discussion that allow citizens to participate effectively in government activities. Kanbur’s point of departure reinforces this paper’s problem statement: foreign aid has been pumped into Africa for over five decades but why does Africa remain impoverished? It boils down to the unequivocal and self-inflicting mind-set of African leaders and donors,
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