Pessimistic Views Of Reality In 'Thoughts' By Voltaire's Candide

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Throughout Pascal 's "Thoughts" and Voltaire 's Candide they communicate their pessimistic views of reality, but their views of the human condition contrast in various ways. Voltaire uses the protagonist of his story to represent hope and as a result of this character 's determination, he is able to survive the struggles of life. In addition, Voltaire writes of a character that continues to persist past unfavorable circumstances in hopes of life getting better. Lastly, Voltaire expresses that when a person gets what they have been anticipating, instead of being happy, they are simply content. In contrast, Pascal believes that humans choose to follow their heart because people believe their heart is good. Also, Pascal believes that the human condition is the aspiration to figure out the unknown. The notion of the uncertain leads Pascal to talk a lot about the afterlife. He states humans live a life that encourages the hope that their afterlife will be superior. Pascal believes that the human condition is meant to be uncertain and this view is due to the fact that humans have hope to find the unknown. While Voltaire still has a pessimistic view of the human condition, he believes that there is a form of hope that is needed to lead the human condition to a content life, but a life that cannot be fully happy. Voltaire believes that the human condition is guided by the hope that one will find love while the philosopher Pascal believes that people choose to follow their hearts.

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