They're interests is to provide a product which the consumers find attractive by carrying out strong promotion and marketing (Industry Stakeholders, 2015). Roasters receive up to 55% of profit in the supply chain (Coffee: unfair trade, no date). After the crop leaves the farm, the middlemen; especially the roasters receive nearly all of the profit (Ashoka, 2014). '' Fair Trade is a trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency and respect, that seeks greater equity in international trade'' (Decarlo and Edwards, 2007).
. STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS a. PEST Analysis: i. Political: L 'Oreal faced issues in the dermatology branch led by Galderma due to new legislations governing drugs. The EU law affects L 'Oreal and restricts their use of certain kinds of carcinogenic chemicals, such as Phthalates. L 'Oreal is obligated to produce safe products that do not contain any harmful substances.
PESTLE analysis is include of political, economic, social, technological, legal and environmental factors. PESTLE is a business tool that used by companies to track and analyse the macro environment in which the company operate. This tool is very useful which help in overall growth and development of organization after learning from the past mistake and working for future. The first factor is political factor which include such as law of land, taxation policies, rules and regulation, trade restriction and so on.
Part A Macro environment is important factor affecting the development of enterprises. A macro environment is the condition that exists in the economy as a whole, rather than in a specific sector or region.(Macro Environment n.d.) Cultures, politics, technology, nature, economy and demographic are the six major forces in the company 's macro-environment.(Kotler & Armstrong 2014, p96） Political factors Political factors include government regulations and legal issues and define both formal and informal rules.(PEST Analysis n.d.) All the companies have to follow these rules.
Francis Aguilar (1967) is the first known reference to the origin of the PESTEL analysis. In his study known as Scanning the Business Environment, he studied the environmental factors that affect business environment and come up with the first acronym ‘ETPS’ which meant the Economic, Technical, Political and social factors (Aguilar, 1967). Later Arnold Brown (1967) focused on the study and came up with a new perspective towards the study of social-technical, economic, political, and ecological (STEPE) factors. In 1980, Porter among other authors scanned the business environment and came up with the current acronym PESTEL meaning political, economic, social, technological, legal, and environmental factors (FME, 2013). According to Collins (1997),
PESTEL analysis is a tool that is used to analyse an organisation’s macro-environment. Political Environment The incident of 9/11 has affected the airline industry adversely. The number of tourists to different countries has immensely decreased due to the fear of safety and security issues. On the other hand countries have put measures in place such as strict visa policies and border controls in an effort to combat terrorism attacks.
Political • Growing demand and supply shortage has increased world coffee prices. • Favorable advantage to accessing raw material through supplier relationships. • Fair-trade practices include its Coffee and Farmers Equity (C.A.F.E.) program among other fair trade policies and agreements. • Starbucks adheres to local, national and international government laws and policies and tightly control labour practices, avoiding scrutiny and negative imagery from being a large corporation. Economic • High industry sensitivity to the macroeconomic factors affecting disposable income, a main industry driver.
Starbucks was founded in 1971. They have 18.850 stores in more than 40 countries which makes them the first coffee specialty retailer in the world. They operate most of their stores having only 50 franchises (as of 2017) as to keep strict control over quality. The success of Starbucks is based on their unique value proposition. They offer customer the finest coffee produced by themselves, with strong commitment on creating a global social impact, served in stores that promote a welcoming and warmth sphere where everyone can feel “like home”.
Introduction Uniqlo is ranked as the 1st apparel brand in Japan (Fast retailing, 2014) and the 5th SPA (Specialty Store Retailer of Private Apparel) in the world (VFPress, 2012). The brand has demonstrated a strong development during the past years with around 818 stores worldwide, estimated at August 2015, (Fast retailing, 2014) and now, they are planning for an expansion to Vietnam market. This report will provide useful information which can be guidelines for Uniqlo’s strategy to enter a new market. The report covers four main parts: PESTLE analysis of Vietnam market; mode of entry suggestion; segments, targets and position process and 7Ps marketing mix. Question 1:
In order to formulate an effective ad, the target audience must always be defined and understood. Starbucks Coffee’s target audience is families with young children. There are several factors involved in determining the target audience, and that is demographic, geographic, psychographic, and consumer insights. Firstly, there are several demographic variables that are taken into account.
In this segment we will discuss about the external forces of the company that are not controllable (Keegan and Keegan, 1989). PESTLE analysis will be an effective tool here to analyze the factors. 2.1.1 PESTLE Analysis PESTLE is a very effective macro environmental tool containing six important factor. Political Factors In India political factor is very vulnerable.
It is not comparable with the others. It helps to boost the customer’s credibility for the brand. Therefore, the company is started from the United State, but they would be able to have had lots of coffee chains across the globe. Besides, as mentioned above, Starbucks give star points depending on your purchasing price and the result of the reward events. It is provided only for members who registered Starbucks cards and the app.
Ethical issue in Starbucks Starbucks, an American coffeehouse chain based in Seattle, Washington, is the world largest coffee retailer chain in the world having more than 21,000 stores in 65 countries (Starbucks website, n.d.). In United States, Starbucks owned 12,973 stores (Starbucks Company Statistics, 2014), which is more than 73% of the market shares of the United States coffeehouse industry. Hence, Starbucks possesses monopoly power in the specialty coffee market. Enjoying monopoly position, Starbucks plan to completely dominate the market by eliminating competition. Starbucks engages in a range of anti-competitive activities.
2. Analysis of the Industry, market size, competition, etc. 2.1. PESTLE A market is the place or medium where specific activities are transacted between businesses and consumers. To study the macro-environment (i.e., external environment), PESTLE analysis is considered to be the most appropriate as suggested by Kotler and Armstrong (2010).