Pesticides In Agriculture

3309 Words14 Pages
Pesticides use in agriculture

Abstract: A pest is any organism that causes an economic loss or damage to the physical well being of human beings. It may destroy our crops, cause diseases in them or in human beings etc. Chemicals used to eradicate or worn-out the unwanted pest’s population from agriculture or experimental field are called as pesticides. Some pesticides are organism-specific and have particular mode of action to remove the pests. Current article is informative about the types of pesticides used in modern agriculture and bio-farming, and its interaction in environmental processes.
Keywords: Fungicides, weedicides/herbicides, nematicides, rodenticides, insecticides, algicides, biopesticides and BCA.
Since before
…show more content…
DDT is the most famous pesticide of the world and is a non-biodegradable pollutant. Spraying of DDT on crops produces pollution of air, soil and water. In India, as a result of prolonged use of DDT, 13-31 ppm of DDT can be detected in the body fat of the people, highest in the world. DDT concentrates from water into the body and magnified in higher members of the food web.9 DDT tolerance level is 10ppm for a freshwater crustacean Daphnia and this means Daphnia will die beyond that concentration. DDT has become ineffective for killing mosquitoes because of the development of adaptive resistance. DDT does not inhibit cholinesterase activity and is relatively non-toxic to mammals, but in oil solution it is absorbed by skin. Pesticide (DDT) is banned now a days because DDT interacts with the food-chain in our ecosystem and causes serious damages and loss of biodiversity. For example; biomagnification, or bioamplification is the increasing concentration of a substance, such as a toxic chemical like DDT or mercury, in the tissues of organisms at successively higher levels in a food chain. This happens because a toxic substance accumulated by an organism cannot be metabolised or excreted, and is thus passed on to the next higher trophic level. In this manner, the concentration of DDT is increased at…show more content…
Benhamou, N.; Lafontaine, P. J.; Nicole, M. (2012). "Induction of Systemic Resistance to Fusarium Crown and Root Rot in Tomato Plants by Seed Treatment with Chitosan" (PDF). Phytopathology. American Phytopathological Society. 84 (12): 1432–44. ISSN 0031-949X. OCLC 796025684. Retrieved February 8, 2014
13. "Prevention and Management of Insects and Mites in Farm-Stored Grain". Province of Manitoba. Archived from the original on October 18, 2013.
14. Hernndez, A., E. Martro, L. Matas; M. Martin, V. Ausina (2000). "Assessment of in-vitro efficacy of 1% Virkon against bacteria, fungi, viruses and spores by means of AFNOR guidelines". Journal of Hospital Infection. 46 (3): 203–209. doi:10.1053/jhin.2000.0818. ISSN 0195-6701. PMID 11073729.
15. Garrison, A. R.; Giomarelli, B. G.; Lear-Rooney, C. M.; Saucedo, C. J.; Yellayi, S; Krumpe, L. R.; Rose, M; Paragas, J; Bray, M; Olinger Jr, G. G.; McMahon, J. B.; Huggins, J; O'Keefe, B. R. (2014). "The cyanobacterial lectin scytovirin displays potent in vitro and in vivo activity against Zaire Ebola virus". Antiviral Research. 112C:17. doi:10.1016/j.antiviral.2014.09.012. PMC 4258435 . PMID 25265598.

More about Pesticides In Agriculture

Open Document