The United States of America failed in preventing the Communist takeover of Vietnam and had to reexamine its policy and initial involvement in the region. All around the world including UNO criticized the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Failure of US in this war was a big setback for the American hegemony. After that incident, USA never tried to use the forces in Southeast Asia. In case of North Korea also it is using diplomacy policy and trying to solve the issue with the help of dialogue because they are well aware that, military action may lead to Vietnam II.
The U.S. military wanted an invasion but Kennedy countered saying it would be a bloody and terrible battle for both sides coming off with fresh wounds from World War 2. Both sides really did not want a war to begin and both superpowers were trying to get the upper hand in the arms race. But negotiations kept going and President Kennedy and Khrushchev both sent letters and radio messages to try to resolve the conflict before war sprung. Thus, the most tense part began wan both sides readied their armies because they thought war would happen. The doomsday clock had begun.
The Tet offensive, which took place on the 31st of January 1968, had huge significance on the political landscape of America, and public opinion on the war in Vietnam. After the Tet offensive, public support for the war plummeted, and with ever increasing support in the anti-war movement and protests, the war in Vietnam was no longer justifiable to the American public. As a result of this president Johnson stepped down from running for re-election, leaving an anti-war democrat running against an anti-war republican. This meant that Nixon was elected, which arguably ended the Vietnam War, due to his change in tactics. This knock on effect started with the Tet offensive, makes Tet one of the most significant events in the whole conflict.
Secondly, politics rendered society to lose faith in the government. The war was televised; however, the government failed to inform the American people about multiple things such as the My Lai massacre and the Pentagon Papers. These papers were kept secret by the government and caused trust to be lost by the American people. Last but not least, the media had one of the biggest negative impacts on the American people during the Vietnam War. The Vietnam War was the first war to be televised and revealed what was truly happening in Vietnam.
However, the lack of material covered on the Vietnam War further proves that the war remains an event Americans attempt to forget. In America today, the Vietnam War continues to be looked at negatively, which provides further proof of why we must learn about American troops’ ethical lapses in war and how this affected world power and human rights. In the My Lai Massacre, platoon leader LT William Calley Jr. and his men of Charlie Company murdered a village and gang-raped the population. It was not until helicopter pilot; Chief Warrant Officer (CWO) Hugh Thompson landed his helicopter and stopped the killing of the innocent civilians by Calley and his men. This event is referred as, “the most shocking episode of the Vietnam War.” By adding the My Lai Massacre to the Naval Vignettes students will meet the required learning objective of identifying factors that shape change over time.
E. The effect of Vietnam War on the U.S. 1. The U.S. had a serious defeat on the war. 2. President Lyndon B. Johnson started the “Great Society” to diminish poverty and racism couldn’t invest enough money for it because of the war in Vietnam. V. He was the greatest example of minimalism.
1. Opposition to the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War The two events protested the war in Washington, D.C. On 24 April 1971 and Anti-Vietnam War demonstration in 1967 demonstrate a large number of the American population were opposed to U.S. involvement in the South Vietnam during the course of the Vietnam War. Public opinion was strongly against the war from 1967 to 1970, which resulted in only a third of Americans supposed that the U.S made a right decision over participating in Vietnam War. It is why special groups led the anti-war movement to avoid America 's involved in the Vietnam War. The anti-war movement grew increasingly popular in American society, which led to America lost numerous supporters.
The FBI investigated but the final charges did not go as expected because they lack evidence.. There had been some efforts to hide facts of Watergate tapping: documents were destroyed, staffs were under pressure to stay away from press, staffs were persuaded to give certain answers to FBI, and staffs possessed critical information were promoted after Watergate. President Richard Nixon assured the public that the White House had no involvement with this particular incident. His use of the words “particular incident” led the reporters to look further into their investigation. Woodward and Bernstein uncovered indecent campaign strategies to undercut the Democratic Party by using unlawful methods such as threats, phone tapping and spying.
When the war was near it’s end, he commanded that no battalion move without his permission, and demanded long reports on the loss of his soldiers and artillery. His commanders would ask him to create a superior realistic plan, but they had no success at
These concerns were also voiced directly to Lee. General Pendleton recounted,“ (I) had offered my objections to Pickett’s battle and had been overruled… That day at Gettysburg was one of the saddest of my life” (Johnson 345). If the officers had kept their concerns to
In the Vietnam war the United States lost everything that made it a superior defender for freedom and justice. We lost money and the support of American and South Vietnam citizens, because of that we lost our confidence and power. Without having confidence and feeling powerless, it questions whether we are capable of handling our nation 's conflicts while supporting South VIetnam. During the war the United States lost around $350-900 billion total in the Vietnam war (www.the vietnam war.info, 2014). Factories that used to produce consumer goods in the US eventually had to convert to producing military equipment to help support the war.
Douglas MacArthur stated, “It seems strangely difficult for some to realize that here in Asia is where the communist conspirators have elected to make their play for global conquest, and that we have joined the issue thus raised on the battlefield; that here we fight Europe 's war with arms while the diplomats there still fight it with words; that if we lose the war to communism in Asia the fall of Europe is inevitable, win it and Europe most probably would avoid war and yet preserve freedom. As you pointed out, we must win. There is no substitute for victory.” Truman was in favor of containment, simply keeping North Korea north of the 38th parallel. Seeing this, MacArthur overstepped his bounds and openly criticized the President. Truman promptly had him removed.
President Gerald Ford was left with a population of people that were let down by a scandal that knocked a candidate for the best president this nation had ever seen and just dumped him out of the office. Also an endless conflict that was the war in Vietnam. Coming in with great hostility did not help President Ford when he pardoned Former President Nixon. But, Ford did face the stagflation and recession this nation was having during this time period. Ford always had in his mind that anything could happen that the United States was not immune to anything and this made his disbelief in Government Bailouts a reality.