Ethics Paper Today there are multiple countries struggling with lack of food due to various reasons such as natural disasters, manmade disasters, government policies and individuals actions. In Peter Singer’s article “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” we see him focusing on all these aspects and the negative impacts they portray on those in desperate need (Singer, 1972, 229). Singer does this with a utilitarian approach which means he looks at situations as either right or wrong solely on the outcome of choosing one thing over another(Schweickart, 2008, 473). This, therefore, takes into account the interests of others. In his article Singer is arguing that the way people in relatively affluent countries react to a situation like that
Jonathan Swift uses rhetorical devices, logical, ethical, as well as emotional appeals to highlight the difference between Swift’s satirical attitude and the narrator’s serious attitude concerning poverty and starvation. These various articles and different exerts from “A Modest Proposal” show the misleading content of the proposal in order to save Ireland and help them become a free country
Rhetorical Analysis of “Attention Whole Foods Shoppers” In “Attention Whole Foods Shoppers” by Robert Paarlberg, the main emphasis in the article is that there is a struggle to feed people, particularly in South Africa and Asia due to economic and population issues. His focus is on the lack of involvement of countries around the world that do have food. Throughout the article, Paarlberg talks about how organic agriculture is not going to feed the world and exposes myths about organic food and industrial scale food. By challenging common assumptions and being ethical he effectively claims that the solution to solving these global hunger problems is foreign assistance. Paarlberg shows Pathos, Ethos and Logos through the thought of unravelling worldwide starvation by being realistic of the view on pre-industrial food and farming.
In Peter Singer’s Famine, Affluence, and Morality, he makes the claim that we ought to give up any surplus money we might have and send it to places like Bengal to prevent people from suffering or dying. However, is this really something we are obligated to do? Singer relies on two important yet controversial
In his 1983 essay Jack Zipes, literary critic, questions Bradbury’s criticism of a sociopolitical society after World War II (Zipes). Zipes suggests that Bradbury overplays the struggles of American problems to the point that they are “omnipresent and constantly projected into the future” (Zipes). Zipes believes that Bradbury creates “massive contradictions” in his commentary on the eradication of humanity with his novel Fahrenheit 451. (Zipes) Fahrenheit 451 is a novel that develops as Montag, the main character, learns more about life and humanity. At the end of his journey Montag transforms and “Is no longer a fireman but a prophet of humanity” (Zipes).
He is deep in self-thought as he continues with his point that common patriotic phrases are not necessarily positive and may seem problematic for a reader. Sloan indicates that someone with issues of patriotism or issues of authority may have difficulty agreeing with the expression because some slogans demand that readers agree. Rather than dismissing what might be considered absurd, maybe even in his own mind, he explores and analyzes other various examples of these patriotic expressions in terms of actions as if they were acted upon. In the majority of the article, more than half, Sloan seriously questions patriotic slogans. He examines the words of each one that comes to mind and provides illustrations that question the particular slogans meaning.
The theory of Deontology has its flaws as well and this essay will present three criticisms of deontology namely that deontology relies on moral absolutes, allows acts that make the world a worse place, two permissible duties that are right can conflict with each other and will demonstrate these flaws with relevant case studies and dilemmas. To begin with, this theory relies on moral absolutes which can be defined as actions that are entirely right or entirely wrong. Deontologists cannot consider the consequences of their actions, even if the consequences of a particular action bring about more harm than the act itself. Deontology theory says that certain types of actions are either absolutely right or wrong, but provides no way in which to distinguish which action may be right or wrong and thus duties and principles can conflict (Preston, 2007). For instance,
According with this new approach, the “traditional” point of view “suffer from ambiguities, inconsistencies, and contradictory empirical evidence” (R. E. Baumeister, 1996). To support this thesis, the article “Relation of Threatened Egotism to Violence and Aggression: The Dark Side of High Self-Esteem” (R. E. Baumeister, J. M. Boden, L. Smart, 1996) will be examined. Contrarily to the previous research, the chosen article does not report an experiment, but it investigates and criticises the fallacious arguments from the theory of the low self-esteem, and gives a theoretical background about the direct correlation between high egotism and
Emotions can make everything look blurry and generate doubt when it comes to truth, it can alter the results and conclusions lightly or in large quantities. When it comes to emotions, people tend to believe in what they are more emotionally attached to, their emotions influence in what someone believes something is true or not; the stronger the feeling, then you are more attached to something. This way of knowing affects directly and neutralizes the previous one, reasoning. When using emotions, people are blind to the truth, because they don’t what to see the reality of what they are attached to. In here comes the term, “Appeal to Authority”.
And this has repercussions, according to Bro. Abulad, “something of this nihilistic tendency in the air, making it difficult for our time to decide which is good and which is evil.” Thus if this is the case, existentialism serves as a response towards nihilistic tendency. Existentialism is a problematic term to define. It is in the very nature of existentialism to be open-ended and undefinable. For existentialist philosophers, though classified under the same school, still have major differences in their ideologies, yet not contradictory to the existentialist movement.
Poverty Policy, 1960–2008,” on the other hand, is less centered around soul searching, and more focused on the presentation of facts, a strategy used to hook, inform, and persuade a scholarly audience. The biggest indication as to what audience the work is intended for is the words themselves. There’s a noticeable difference between the vocabulary in the Bell Hooks’s writing versus that of Max Rose and Frank R. Baumgartner. For example, Bell Hooks uses simplistic, yet emotionally heavy words such as “deprived,” “privileged,” and “humiliation” (Hooks). Contrastingly, Rose and Baumgartner mention politics, include graphs, and use the terms “poverty-threshold,” “GGI” and other technical jargon that would likely bore less-educated individuals (Rose and Baumgartner).
They tend to give answers that they find socially acceptable and not what they actually believe in” (best-practice.com. n.d.). In this case, one detriment of this practice is the possibility of providing the interviewer with misrepresented information. Therefore, an interviewee may be sensitive to the tension of the interview, thus, develop an urge to lie in order to receive favor from the employer. Thereupon, a large realm of ambiguity is rendered in all their answers from that point forward under these circumstances.