Initially, Russia’s tsar, Ivan the Great, had seen Russia’s low literacy level and poor economic system dependent on peasant labor and began the revival of his mother country through expansion and reform. Unlike Western empires, Russia’s expansion had limited commercial expansion, though it did establish territorial and trading policies in central Asia. This expansion was caused by the movement of Russian peasants and landlords, adding new diversities to the country, making it a multicultural empire, like the Ottoman Empire. This expansion period reached a dramatic change with Russian Westernization led by one its chief reformist tsars, Peter the Great. Inspired by his travels, Peter the Great brought back many inventions of Western science and technology to shift Russia westward and created his capital, St. Petersburg.
During his reign, Peter wanted to do many things to change the way of life of Russian culture. He shifted the new capital of Russia, St. Petersburg, away from the center of Russian civilization. The capital had an un-Russian rectilinear street pattern, and the capital had a distinctly European architecture. To make Russia a more western-civilized community, he taxed on beards
Peter the great was known for pulling Russia out of Medieval times so much that by his death, Russia was considered a leading eastern European state. He centralized government, modernized the army, and created a navy( Hughes 2). Peter The Great’s childhood changed and made his outlook on life and people stronger. His life was always threatened since his father died. When his father died it had a huge impact on him that changed his life forever.
This allowed Russia to strengthen their navy, which is exactly what happened. Lastly, Peter the Great expanded Russia’s borders by gaining control of the warm-water ports, Poland, parts of Austria, and Manchuria all with treaties or war. Peter did his best to help Russia emerge as a great power, and he
Peter the Great came barreling through Russia as tsar from 1721 to 1725, bringing with him a slew of economic, social, and political reforms that are argued to have made Russia a great nation once again. Prior to his reign, Russia had endured many difficulties, from Ivan the Terrible’s chaotic reign to the great Raskol to the time of troubles. Peter the Great is credited with prompting Russia to rise once again as a great nation through great institutional reforms, particularly surrounding military-based industrialization. Despite how highly regarded Peter the Great is in Russian society, historians like Marc Raeff argue that Peter the Great’s reign “was to tear Russian society apart, leaving behind a legacy of uncertainty and insecurity that
During the time between 1500 and 1914 the creation of a new modern society surfaced, it emerged from the intersection between scientific, French, and industrial revolution. All of which took shape initially in western Europe. The societies in Europe sparked new ideologies throughout the world for the past several centuries, people start believing in social equality and the the poverty is within reach, ordinary citizen can participate in political life, women can be equal to men, and slavery can be abolished. The growing ability of these modern societies to exercise power and influence changes from one empire to another and also they intersect in certain areas. Europeans were clearly the dominant players in the atlantic world, and their societies
Peter the Great, a Ruthless but Prosperous Czar Peter the Great was conceived in Moscow, Russia on June 9, 1672, He was a Russian czar in the late seventeenth century who is best known for his intensive and broad changes trying to set up Russia as an incredible country. He made a solid navy force, restructured his armed force as indicated by Western principles, secularized schools, regulated more prominent control over the reactionary Orthodox Church, and presented new regulatory and regional divisions of the nation. During his period, Peter embraced broad changes trying to re-set up Russia as an awesome country. Peter overcame resistance from the nation 's medieval privileged and started a progression of changes that influenced all zones of
Petersburg, a prosperous Russian port that was established by Peter the Great following the conclusion of the Great Northern War, where Russia obtained land from the falling Swedish Empire. This area was an opportunity for the Russians, as Peter saw a great city located on the Baltic Sea, with access available to the Atlantic Ocean and the rest of Europe. There was now a freedom to expand the empire and the power that Russia could and would soon possess. This piece of historical significance is referenced in introduction of The Bronze Horseman. Peter the Great is standing at the edge of the River Neva.
Without a consistent form of communication, trade, during the Middle Ages, was the biggest catalyst for the spread of religious reform, political organization, and societal development across Europe. How was the spread of these elements through trade important in the development of a more advanced, and modern society during this time period? The advancement of the Frankish Kingdom combined with the progress of the Mongols through Asia provided the proper situation to cultivate advancement in the Eastern World. Charlemagne came to power, and immediately it was clear that he was determined to make religious changes in Europe. He defeated the Pagan Saxons after a long brutal conflict with them, annexing all of Germany into his kingdom.
From 1500 to 1914, empires began forming all throughout the Eastern and Western hemispheres, all competing for world power, whether it be the economic, land power, or cultural influence. Like many of these empires, the nations of Europe were big advocates of imperialism and world power. The continuity of their use of “European Racism,” and advancement of technology helped them achieve their great power throughout the centuries. While their adaptation of political administration throughout the centuries helped them take over and operate under large native lands, while still having efficient rule. Overall, the continuities and changes in imperial enterprises from 1500 to 1914 led to more advanced and efficient rule among most modern empires.