Peter the Great Peter the Great was an iconic individual in Russian history and even in world history. He made many strides for Russia to become more of a westernized nation. World Civilization II: The Rise and Fall of Empires© 1500- present stated, "From his father, Peter learned of Russia’s need for modernization, so in the early 18th century, Peter embarked on an extended journey throughout Europe where he learned how to build ships, observed modern military techniques, and recruited Western craftsmen and artists to come back to Russia with him" (Sattler, 60). He was very determined to make Russia modernized to say the least. In his reign, he held many reforms to push Russia to become more westernized (Sattler, 60-61).
Born in Moscow, Russia on June 9, 1672, Peter the Great was a Russian czar in the late 17th century who took over the Russian throne from his half sister,and is best known for his extensive reforms in an attempt to establish Russia as a great nation. He created a strong navy, reorganized his army according to Western standards, secularized schools, administered greater control over the reactionary Orthodox Church, and introduced new administrative and territorial divisions of the country. Peter the Great is considered one of the most effective transformational leaders in Russian history. His leadership style was strongly influenced by events in his early life, which produced the violent themes of his thoughts, the fear for his own safety and
Article Two in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, adopted by Russia in 1993, states “Man, his rights and freedoms shall be the supreme value” (“Constitution”). In the 1800s, however, this statement would have only applied to noblemen and their superiors. Even those noblemen, however, served the Russian Emperor, an absolute ruler. What changed Russia’s administrative system, giving more power to the people in the 1990s than in previous years? Incredibly, Leo Tolstoy, one of Russia’s most famous writers, greatly impacted how Russians viewed government and life in general.
The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks tells the story of Henrietta, an African-American woman whose cells were used to create the first immortal human cell line. Told through the eyes of her daughter, Deborah Lacks, aided by journalist Rebecca Skloot. Deborah wanted to learn about her mother, and to understand how the unauthorized harvesting of Lacks cancerous cells in 1951 led to unprecedented medical breakthroughs, changing countless lives and the face of medicine forever. It is a story of medical arrogance and triumph, race, poverty and deep friendship between the unlikeliest people. There had been many books published about Henrietta’s cells, but nothing about Henrietta’s personality, experiences, feeling, life style etc.
1.3. Disintegration of the Empire At the time of Chinggis Khaan’s death in 1227, the empire was divided among his four sons, with his third son Uguudei as a ruler. After Uguudei ascended the throne in 1229, he quickly resumed his father’s operations in Jin Dynasty, successfully conquering it in 1243. Under his rule, the Mongol Empire expansion reached its peak.
’s. “Paul emerges from the book as an early example of an 'anti-modernist ' ruler whose authoritarian, military and hierarchical values shaped much of Russia 's system of government during the nineteenth century.” (Mcgrew 770). Where Catherine had been modernist, Paul had been
6). Even though important figures in the government did not join ranks with the Bolsheviks, many workers and soldiers began to support the Bolshevik party after the February Revolution when Vladimir Ilich Lenin protested for peace and insisted that Soviets, workers’ councils, should take authority and could improve the country. Months after the February Revolution, in October, the Bolsheviks officially ruled Russia, (Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica par. 4). After the October Revolution in 1917, As dictator, Lenin fought in a civil war against the White Army, an anti-Bolshevik force.
Russia continued to push outward, reaching to central Asia and western Siberia, as well as pioneering the Pacific Ocean. At the time, Russia also moved away from their agricultural economy, looking to Western powers as a model for trade and the economy. Westernization occurred substantially under Peter the Great, greatly helping Russia and in the expansionist sense. Continuing to build upon their empire, Russia pushed eastward, running into different world powers at the time. As they pushed South, they shared a border with the powerful Ottoman Empire.
Wilhelm Roentgen was a German physicist who discovered x-rays. Not only was his discover useful for his time period, but for ours as well. Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen was born March 27, 1845 in Remscheid, Germany. At the age of 3, Roentgen attended the Institute of Martinus Herman van Doorn. Roentgen also attended Ambachtsschool in 1862, where he was later expelled due to an altercation with a teacher.
They hired over 130,000 people in total to begin their ultimate plan, which of course was to create the world’s first atomic bomb. Wonderful scientists came from all over the globe, including a the famous physicist known as James Chadwick of the United Kingdom, who was known for winning the Nobel prize in 1932 for discovering the neutron. To the workers on the project, it was less of their own research for the USA’s better knowledge, but more of research and experiments being conducted as to race against Germany. And in all fairness, that is exactly what it was. The fight for the bomb, you could say.
Initially, Russia’s tsar, Ivan the Great, had seen Russia’s low literacy level and poor economic system dependent on peasant labor and began the revival of his mother country through expansion and reform. Unlike Western empires, Russia’s expansion had limited commercial expansion, though it did establish territorial and trading policies in central Asia. This expansion was caused by the movement of Russian peasants and landlords, adding new diversities to the country, making it a multicultural empire, like the Ottoman Empire. This expansion period reached a dramatic change with Russian Westernization led by one its chief reformist tsars, Peter the Great. Inspired by his travels, Peter the Great brought back many inventions of Western science and technology to shift Russia westward and created his capital, St. Petersburg.
The Romanov Family: Standing for Imperial Russia In the Russian empire there were two dynasties to rule, the Rurikids and the Romanov. Between the Rurikids dynasty (862-1547) there were four certain parts of Russia that were ruled by princes: Novgorod, Kiev, Vladimir, and Moscow. The Tsars of Russia 1547-1721 (ruler of all Russia) was the first to rule.
Maria Mitchell died on June 28, 1889, at the age of seventy due to a brain disease. In 1902, her friends and supporters founded the Maria Mitchell Association. They also opened her home to visitors. She was elected to the Hall of Fame of Great Americans at New York University when it began in 1905, and in 1994, she became part of the National Women 's Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, New York. Astronomers even honored her by naming a crater on the moon after
Peter the Great was born on May thirtieth, sixteen seventy-two in Moscow. Peter’s half brother, Ivan V was the one next in line to be tsar, but the government wanted Peter to be Tsar since Ivan V had a disease causing him to have seizures frequently. They became co-tsars after Feador had passed away. A rumor then spread that the Naryshkina family had killed Feador. This was Peter the Great’s family.
Peter the Great, a Ruthless but Prosperous Czar Peter the Great was conceived in Moscow, Russia on June 9, 1672, He was a Russian czar in the late seventeenth century who is best known for his intensive and broad changes trying to set up Russia as an incredible country. He made a solid navy force, restructured his armed force as indicated by Western principles, secularized schools, regulated more prominent control over the reactionary Orthodox Church, and presented new regulatory and regional divisions of the nation. During his period, Peter embraced broad changes trying to re-set up Russia as an awesome country. Peter overcame resistance from the nation 's medieval privileged and started a progression of changes that influenced all zones of