The feeling of stabbing pain in upper jaw and teeth and slowly radiating towards nose is due to defective function of the maxillary nerve. The nerve is the second branch of trigeminal nerve. The initiating or trigger point is the loss of sensory or motor function of the second branch of fifth cranial nerve (Richard & Sanders, 2010) The following are the cranial nerves that involve in regulation of functions of eye o Optic nerve: The sensory nerve is a second cranial nerve help in whole process of sight and vision. The nerve involves in the transmission of electrical signals from the various parts of eye to CNS (brain), then the brain send an appropriate response in the form of an image to see (the objects what we see around us).
Phantom Limb Pain. Phantom limb, a common medical issue for amputees, refers to ongoing painful sensations stemming from the location where the limb used to be. About 70 percent of amputee patients experience phantom limb pain and it can be chronic and debilitating. Virtual reality games are used to help alleviate phantom limb pain by picking up on nerve inputs from the brain and using virtual limbs to gain control.
A lot of research showed that the major reason for chronic low back pain is sedentary stressful and modern hurry and worry lifestyle. It is a serious effect on the psycho-social and physiological honesty of the person (Gautschi et al., 2009). It is also defined as pain and discomfort which is situated below the costal
Phantom limb syndrome is a neurological disorder that affects amputees and is characterized by phantom sensations that appear to emanate from the missing limb (Rugnetta). The phantom sensations can be painful or nonpainful in nature, so that the individual experiences pain, touch sensations, or changes in temperature (Rugnetta), despite missing the peripheral portions of the spinothalamic pathway and other pathways involved in relaying information to associated regions of the brain, and in particular to the somatosensory cortex. The mechanisms involved in phantom limb syndrome are not fully understood. However, it has been noted that following amputation there is a rewiring of parts of the brain associated with sensation (Purves, Augustine, Fitzpatrick, Hall, LaMantia, & White, 2012), including, “considerable reorganization
The other problem we will analyse is phantom limb pain syndrome, which is a pain that can be detected in the area where amputation occurred (as in the case of our patient), and there are some factors that are dangerous such as pain after surgery and amputation and, of course, the bad psychology that our patient may have (Flor, 2002). Phantom limb pain is a phenomenon of mutilation caused by this process and in these cases, can occur in many patients. Some possible ways that can cause phantom limb pain in a patient may be the various nerves that exist in sensitive parts of our body and cause the patient to experience some pain (Ehde, 2000). To improve the phantom limb pain, we can do some action, such as reducing pain.
Sciatic pain has a range, “from a mild ache to a sharp, burning sensation or excruciating pain. Sometimes it can feel like a jolt or electric shock. It can be worse when you cough or sneeze, and prolonged sitting can aggravate symptoms. Usually only one side of your body is affected” (2).
When there is an inflammation in the white matter or gray matter region of the spinal cord or connecting with brain results myelitis. In myelitis, paralysis and sensory loss can occur due to the damage caused in myelination of the axon. Anterior spinal artery syndrome is a condition that arouse when the blood carrying artery is interrupted. It is common syndrome with symptoms of loss of sensory and motor sensation due to injury. (Medlineplus,
Myelin damage disrupts communication between your brain and the rest of your body. Ultimately, the nerves themselves may deteriorate a process that's currently irreversible.” – (Unkown. (2014). Multiple Sclerosis. Available: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/multiple-sclerosis/basics/definition/con-20026689.
Diagnosis: Sleep paralysis is diagnosed through clinical interview with patient and exclude other capable sleep disorders that could account for the feelings of paralysis. Psychiatrist or other doctor does not need any tests to treat most patients with recurrent isolated sleep paralysis but doctor should do an overnight sleep study if your problem is disturbing your sleep. This study is called a polysomnogram it records your brain waves, heartbeat, and breathing as you sleep it also records how your arms and legs move. Another study is electromyogram (EMG), its recording will show the level of electrical activity in your muscles and this level will be very low during an episode of sleep paralysis. Treatment of SP: Sleep paralysis is a once-in-blue-moon
When you 're depressed, your subcortex is reacting to stress chemicals, and producing excruciating pain and panic. 3. To add to your misery, your subcortex sucks up additional neural energy from the neocortex until it is practically non-functioning. So you can 't think straight, plus you 're in agony. 4.
Newman et al 2009 found that the chronic demyelination of can have an excitatory effect on the spinal cord and focal lesions found in the spinal cord are common in early onset signs of MS. Other less visible and subjective symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis reported by this group include fatigue, pain, depression, sleep disturbances and reported decreased quality of life. Initial symptoms include blurred or double vision in which the Optic and Oculomotor neurons of the brain are affected. Women are qualitatively diagnosed more often than men and Newman et al. 2009 assessed the pain perception of this group.
An incomplete injury at the cervical level will invariably cause central cord syndrome. The occurrence of central cord syndrome is much higher amongst people who sustain hyperextension injury with the presence of degenerative change in the cervical spine, much like Mr X. The characteristic weakness in the arms compared to the legs is due to the pattern of lamination of the spinothalamic and corticospinal tracts being more medial to the central canal. Anterior cord syndrome is characterised by loss of pain and temperature sensation, and motor function, below the level of the injury whilst touch and proprioception are preserved. This syndrome is caused by damage inflicted to the anterior aspect of the spinal cord or as a result of decreased vascular supply. Brown-Sequard syndrome occurs in the presence of damage to one side of the spinal cord more so than the other, resulting in ipsilateral loss of motor function and sensory loss too.
Obviously, there is a significant amount of psychological overlay in these patients. Patient has dynamic instability. He has radiculopathy. He has failed conservative treatment. He has attempted to lose weight and warrants a straightforward surgical
Joint Pains are horrible. They take the happiness and comfort away from you. A single finger disturbed by arthritis is no joke. Imagine if you have the same feeling, in multiple parts of your body. Pain is the body 's first line of defense and naturally, we react upon feeling this sensation.
“People with Borderline Personality Disorder are like people with third degree burns over 90% of their bodies. Lacking emotional skin, they feel agony at the slightest touch or movement.” This quote was voiced by Marsha M. Linehan, the creator of one of the most successful therapies used to guide individuals with BPD to the light of hope. Problems such as chemical imbalances and early childhood experiences, like abuse or stress, could have stunted brain development. Also, BPD sufferers usually have extremely impulsive and unhealthy thoughts, some involve black and white thinking, dissociation, fears of abandonment, and self-loathing.