2.1 Literature Review War trauma. Soldiers that are sent for missions are exposed to physical and psychological wounds, particularly to war trauma. (Boserelle,& Cupa, 2011). Land mines, exploding shells and direct bullet injury are just some causes of war–related amputations on foot and ankle among respondents in a study by Ebrahimzadeh & Rajabi in 2007. As more and more U.S. veterans come from Iraq and Afghanistan with a missing limb, much attention is given to a bewildering phenomenon that young soldiers feel an agonizing pain in a body part that no longer exists.
Towards the end of the Yellow Fever epidemic, over 5000 individuals were dead. Writers from the History webpage claim, “Famous early American Cotton Mather described it as ‘turning yellow then vomiting and bleeding every way.” The only way individuals during the Antebellum era knew that people had been infected was by their symptom, and based upon the symptoms they would experiment until they found a cure. Lastly, Smallpox during the 1990’s was used as a defense mechanism in the
Organophosphorus insecticides are important agents of self-poisoning in developing and developed countries alike. Rampant misuse of organophospharus insecticides has been found in our country. It is in this background that a study was undertaken in Burdwan Medical College and Hospital, Burdwan, on 150 adult patients who have been admitted in the Medicine wards after consuming organophosphorus insecticides or accidental exposure to organophosphorous poison. 64 patients were male and 86 patients were female. Majority of the patients (63 patients) were in the age group of 21-30 years, and the least (10 patients) were above 40 years.
The aim of the study was to find prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders in musicians. Out of 507, 12% of subjects were diagnosed with trigger finger (muscle-tendon syndrome). The causes explained in the study were carrying heavy instruments and repetitive movements of fingers . A retrospective review of 130 professional musicians was done by Katherine Butler and Ian Winspur in London, UK in 2009. Data regarding their medical condition, instrument played, length of time off the instrument following surgery and the time taken to return to full normal professional playing were recorded and analyzed.
Treatment is typically in view of the measure of torment you are feeling. Numerous medications may be attempted and can incorporate applying warmth, rubbing the territory of the removal, and biofeedback to diminish muscle pressure in the lingering appendage. Different medications that can be attempted are needle therapy, pharmaceuticals, (for example, anticonvulsants and antidepressants), and some of the time surgery to uproot scar tissue snaring a nerve. Generally, the best approach is to join different medicines. Different medicines may incorporate transcutaneous electrical nerve incitement (TENS) of the remaining appendage.
He was in his mid eighties and had advanced stage leukemia and was suffering from unbelievable pain. Palliative care, hospice, or end-of-life care, whichever name you call it is supposed to be there for patients in the end stages of their lives to help ease their discomfort and take care of their general needs. But what about "death with dignity"? Should it be a human beings right to take the life of another human being upon request of that same person? End-of-life care, known as hospice or palliative care, is called upon when a patient
The plague impacted parts of Asia today and people are being killed by the disease. In Surat 100 people died from the plague and that affected tons of people(“Plague 1”). In India 4000,000 people fled which means left their homes and go somewhere saver(“Plague Occurs”).The plague was stressful and still is now. There were tons of issues from having the plague and having the causes it also impacted several of people in different
Here in this case that eye lid act as the sliding electrode and also as a bridge that to connect the scalp to the positively charged cornea. As the eye lid slides over the eye ball that cornea bearing positive charge then eye lid picks up the potential from the positively charged cornea thus, the charge of the cornea potential imposed to the nearby electrode and it become more positive, it makes downward deflection in the EEG graph. II-Methods for the removal of ocular artifacts There are many methods proposed that to remove the ocular artifacts from the recordings of the EEG. Here is the study of some methods to eliminate these artifacts 1) Eye Fixation Method. As the artifacts are formed using the eye ball movements and the eye blinks, it is proposed (Hillyard and Gallambos 1970) that the patient or the subject is asked to stop the movements caused by the eye and can asked to close eyes intentionally.
Samples are sent to the pathologist for immediate analysis. In lateral meningiomas, the tumor debulking is performed with either microinstruments or an ultrasonic aspirator, starting along the dural base if possible. Bleeding of feeding vessels is gently controlled with bipolar cauterization. In this way, the tumor is progressively devascularized and becomes mobile. The pressure at the tumor–spinal cord interface and at the dural insertion base is then
At least three receptor subtypes (i.e., μ, κ, and δ) are primarily responsible for the pharmacological effects. The majority of morphine clinical effect has been attributed to the interaction with the μ receptor- which are mainly located in the brain and in the gastro-intestinal tract. The activation of the μ receptors in the brain is responsible for analgesia, sedation, respiratory depression and euphoria. Hypoventilation my favorite ipoxiemia that is definitely an unwanted event in AMI patients. On the other hand, the activation of the opioid receptors widely represented in the myenteric plexus and the intestines may affect the gastro-intestinal tract physiological functions.