The blocking of this process stops angiogenesis that would form new blood vessels to feed tumors and it could grow (American cancer society 2013, para.13). Besides this, Monoclonal antibodies work by finding particular proteins on cancer cells. These antibodies utilize their anticancer effects through various mechanisms by recruiting host immune functions to attach to the target cells by binding to “legends or receptors” (Gerber 2008,
If cure is not possible, chemotherapy may be given to minimize the discomfort caused by cancer or slow the progression of the disease to prolong the patient's life (palliative treatment). Types of Chemotherapy Drugs Just like scalpels, lasers, and electric currents are used in surgery, the weapons used to fight cancer in chemotherapy are a host of anti-cancer drugs. How differently these drugs kill cancer cells, or prevent them from dividing, depends on their classification. Drugs in the same class kill cancer cells by the same mechanism: they all attack the same target within the cell. Depending on the type of cancer and the kind of drug used, chemotherapy drugs may be administered differently.
ALS is a incurable disease that affects millions of people every year. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a part of rare neurological diseases in other words it is part of a group that attacks the motor neurons. It's not only the deadliest of the diseases but also the most common. Most victims live three to five years after being diagnosed with this deadly disease. About 15,000-20,000 Americans currently are affected by ALS.
Improvement or Deterioration In modern society many doctors and scientists have distinct thoughts about the many cancer treatments that they believe will defeat the disease. Some scientists and doctors question whether or not the new advanced treatments in the medical field actually benefit cancer patients. There are many new treatments being made in the cancer medical field which include infection, surgery, and new combinations of medicine. In Emily Eakin’s article, “Bacteria on the Brain”, she explores Paul Muizelaar’s treatment of infecting cancer causing brain tumors with Enterobacter Aerogenes to lessen the tumor. Terri Bradley and Patrick Egan were two of Muizelaar’s patients who went through the treatment.
The second treatment is called immunoglobulin therapy, which is receiving healthy Immunoglobulin from blood. It is a antibody capable of removing bacteria and viruses from the immune system. If a donor donates enough, the immunoglobulin can stop the immune system from attacking itself and the peripheral
Jessica Boddy emphasizes the importance of gene testing and early screenings as they could result in early discovery and lead to better results and less treatment, she states, “The test results could help guide treatment, as well as future efforts to prevent more cancer.” In addition, Boddy encourages gene testing and awareness of the potential inheritance of harmful mutations. She implores, “BRCA mutations have a 1-in-2 chance of being passed down from parent to child, a patient carrying BRCA1 or BRCA2 is likely to pass it down to further generations as well”(Boddy). Ultimately, any of these reasons could influence an individual's decision to pursue or dismiss genetic testing. One must weigh their potential risk with their psychological resilience to determine if the information a BRCA gene test may provide would benefit their
A surgery type of research trial that benefits the patients of Alzheimer’s disease is available. If the surgery was done correctly, the development of Alzheimer’s disease would decrease for the patient or the disease would develop later in life. The benefits of the increased Alzheimer’s research in this trial is mainly for the researchers, doctors, and the patients. For a study, a neurosurgeon would create small holes from a drill and places medicine into the brain of the patient (Hooper et al.). There are two types of drugs that can be placed by the surgeon; placebo and active agent.
Standard medical care is medicine that is commonly practiced by health professionals who hold a medical doctor or a doctor of osteopathy. Examples of complementary and alternative medicine include but are not limited to; acupuncture which would be used with a treatment, and an anticancer diet that would be used instead of treatment. Acupuncture is used to help cancer patients manage their symptoms, treat the side effects left by chemo or radiation therapy, boost red blood cell count, and enhance lymphocyte and natural killer cell activity (“Acupuncture”). This means acupuncture assists the body’s function in stimulating cell activity that provokes lymphocytes to bind to infected/tumorous cells to be able to inject cell killing proteins into them. In the article “Complementary and Alternative Medicine,” it states, CAM [complementary and alternative medicine] therapies include a wide variety of botanicals and nutritional products, such as dietary supplements, herbal supplements, and vitamins.
We have seen in multiple studies and research how stress can affect and directly even cause chronic health conditions, and that health psychology teaches us to look at our health in a unique way than the biomedical approach to disease. Other factors can contribute to a disease state such as diet and genetics. In order to treat the patient in the health continuum—a mind/body approach—it is necessary to look at all these factors as integral parts of the disease state. The mom and her physician can look at a variety of ways to help with her stress, such as dietary changes away from the processed foods and doing some research into ways to eat healthier foods on a budget. They can also look at medications to treat her hypertension, but along with that perhaps counseling is in order as well to help her deal with her stress.
PKD causes pain and a feeling of heaviness in the back and sides because as more cysts develop, the kidneys can grow to become quite large (Colbert et al., 2013). In order to confirm a diagnosis of PKD, according to the Mayo Clinic Staff (2014), a physician may use ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans to detect the number of cysts and their size. These types of test will also help the physician determine how much healthy kidney tissue is present. Additionally, Colbert et al (2013) note that genetic testing can also be used to diagnose this pathology. There is no cure for PKD aside from a kidney transplant, but a patient’s symptoms can be treated in order to eliminate some of the pain and discomfort.