The main idea of this article is the ability of pharmacists to help in a health care system in order to improve patient care and decrease costs. The overall main points of this article gives positive image to readers that pharmacists really play a crucial role in this health care system, especially through drug therapy management. They provide medication management framework which includes the assessment of treatment, care plans, monitor of compliance of patients and evaluation of effectiveness of medications provided. Also, pharmacists are the health professionals with the best potential to effectively coordinate medication across the continuum, and thus help improving care, reducing duplication of services, decreasing emergency room visits and hospital admissions, preventing abuse or misuse of medications and reducing the risk of drug therapy problems. Besides, this article also talks about the progress that has been made by pharmacy and governments working together to optimize health care system outcomes through advances in regulation, education and training, testing of new models of care and participation in interprofessional initiatives and in electronic health systems.
Knowledge and assessment skills are required to improve the patient safety (4, 17-19). Clinical pharmacist can play an important role in nurse training as an effective method to reduce food-drug interactions in hospitals (18). However, we found that patients who instructed by nurses were also at high risk for potential food-drug interactions. It means that they do not pay enough attention to nurse recommendation. But they should know that communicating with physicians and pharmaceutical consultants seems to be an effective ways to preventing food-drug interaction interactions (19).
To my surprise when I did the write up for this paper I had came across many clinical practice guidelines on medication safety. It had highlighted that in order to prevent medication errors, hospital organization should have an established guidelines and computer prescribe system is highly recommended. The development of guidelines involves many parties contribution such
The presence of a clinical pharmacist can help to decrease these problems and optimize patient therapy so as to achieve greater benefits.3 The European Society of Clinical Pharmacy defines the role of a clinical pharmacist as one that “develop[s] and promote[s] safe and appropriate drug use with the goal of optimizing patient care.”4 The American College of Clinical Pharmacy defines clinical pharmacy as a “health science discipline in which pharmacists provide patient care that optimizes medication therapy and promotes health, wellness, and disease prevention.”Clinical pharmacists may participate in such services as patient education, medicine management, or
Pharmacists can then, in association with prescribers and other members of the health care team, start the action to improve medication therapy for patients. 1.1.2 BACKGROUND DUE is an concurrent, systematic process developed to maintain the appropriate and effective use of drugs. It includes a comprehensive evaluation of a patient’s drugs and health history before, during, and after dispensing in order to attempt to get accurate therapeutic decision-making and better patient
as mentioned earlier, student pharmacists need to be prepared for a future of clinical and team based practice. b. Many pharmacists engaged in pharmacy education may not have received much formal education or training in teaching and precepting. And to make this happen actions should be taken in order to: 1. Increase the quantity of exemplary experiential learning sites.
Improvements in drug progress deliver patients with new drugs, original drug mixtures, costly biological drugs and aimed drug therapy modified to the features of the disease. Pharmacology with its highlighting on acute drug estimation is placed to bridge the knowledge space between patients, clinicians, pharmacists, administrators and pharmaceutical companies inside and outside healthcare organizations. The excellence of drug therapy can be enhanced in all healthcare settings. Patients can be delivered with operative and safe therapy if well- recognized drugs are prescribed and the drugs are used matching to medical, social and environmental conditions. Knowledge of Traditional Medicine: The Pharmacologist usually have had little contact to traditional medicines and these are extensively used clinical setting.
Drugs must also be rationally prescribed and dispensed; and clients, especially providers, must be aware of the treatment guidelines for the products. Rational prescribing and use of drugs is a major challenge, even where STGs and EMLs exist. Physician training in rational prescribing is gaining ground but is still not widespread Deliver, (2003). In the past, essential drugs, vaccines, and contraceptives were for the most part distributed using separate logistics systems. For vaccines and contraceptives, such systems were organized vertically to some
Clinical pharmacologist around the world usually have a scientific training and rigorous medical knowledge which giving them more advantages to evaluate an evidence and produce new data based on their studies. They must have access to many outpatients for education,
However, they did not know about smaller fields in pharmacy such as nuclear pharmacy. This fact makes sense to me because they both usually see pharmacists in only the retail and some hospital facilities. The first time that the two interviewees had different opinions was discussing the pros and cons of pharmacy. Dawn said, “Becoming a pharmacist is a privilege and they love their profession whole heartily”. I have discussed this subject at length with a few pharmacists I have worked with over the years.