Firstly, Metaphysics- which is the study of human beings and also the way they live, it is the ability to question whether the world around us is real or merely an illusion. Metaphysics is an aspect that helps us question oursleves, to help us see things in the world from different perspectives, it also helps us learn to understand why we breathe or why human beings interact with one another. Secondly, Epistemology, which is the study of knowledge; it mainly involves thoughts, ideas, memories, emotions and all mental things. The creation of knowledge makes this philosophy important to education when teaching and learning activities. This branch criticizes if whether what the adult learner is learning is applicable to their daily routines and whether it will benefit them in the future.
His greatest contribution to art is the cultivation of the modern art concept, known as 'impressionism'(Claude Monet, 2004). It is an artistic philosophy which changed the then accepted perception of color and light.His artistic style is characterized by the use of feathery strokes of the paint brush to depict the play of light with respect to the time. He believed that depicting 'time' in a painting is more important than the 'plot', and was interested in using his painting to capture the feel of the moment. As per Monet "One does not paint countryside, a view, a figure. One paints an impression of an hour of the day (Brussat and Brussat, n.d.)."
Art therapy is defined as a form of expressive therapy that uses the creative process of fabricating art to improve a person’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Well known psychologist Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud both had theories of the subconscious and unconscious. They believed that art therapy is based on the premise that images and visuals are the most natural form of communication to humans. The feelings that stem from the subconscious mind are more easily expressed in visuals rather than verbally because people usually cannot explain emotions in such detail. Creative art therapy is offered in many hospitals, outpatient centers, and private practices as a form of depression treatment.
Should intentionality be considered within the analytical framework of art history? This is unquestionably a pertinent question for the discipline of art history, for the Intentional Fallacy has caused the study of intent to be questioned and, sometimes, avoided by scholars of art history. Of course, once the study of intent is questioned, the recognition of some of the more prevalent factors of intentionality must also be placed under scrutiny, too. This question is particularly pertinent in terms of Early Modern art history, for it is then that artists became more and more free agents to whom there were ever more opportunities and means of expression available. In the context of the history of the art of the Early Modern period, this question
In the book “What is Art?” written by Leo Tolstoy, Tolstoy said that art is the uniting of the subjective with the objective, of nature with reason, of the unconscious with the conscious, and therefore art is the highest means of knowledge. Meaning that art is factors for unity of every perception, creature, and therefore art is knowledgeable. In contrast, Pablo Picasso saw the art in different perspective. Picasso said that art is a lie that brings us nearer to the truth. Meaning that art is just a lie that looks like the truth, and therefore cannot be the unity of nature.
In this section I evaluate relational aesthetics in terms of its contribution to narrowing the gap between the aesthetics of ‘fine art’ and the aesthetics of ‘popular visual culture’ and I discuss the work of Rirkrit Tiravanija and Liam Gillick. The approach of relational aesthetics was defined by Nicolas Bourriaud in 1998 in his book Relational Aesthetics, and with his interest in socially-oriented art he defined the art of the 1990’s as one that takes as its theoretical horizon the “realm of human interactions and its social context, rather than the assertion of an independent and private symbolic space” (Bourriaud quoted in Bishop
It strongly requires the feeling of existence and it is gathered in the soul consequently. Otherwise, we can make such assumption: for the sake of the objectiveness of beauty, everyone in the world should share the same cognition and the same aesthetic criterion of beauty. Then here comes the question: how come can we contradict or even debate on our aesthetic feeling of those masterpiece or calligraphy works? From this aspect, the objectivity of beauty cannot be verified. Hume, in his book, “A Treatise of Human Nature”, defines beauty as an expression of a subjective order that reflects our nature, customs, or capricious inclinations (Hume, 1740).
Lastly, how MacIntyre’s understanding of practice can be considered in itself as a theory, especially in morality. First are the three traditions of praxis theory. According to Aristotle, he formulated the trichonomous which includes: a contemplative activity which is the knowledge that is specific to such is episteme, a practical activity which is the knowledge necessary for such is phronesis, a productive activity where the agent needs a knowledge called techne. For Marx, praxis over theoria or practice over theories which many were influenced. Lastly, theory of practive of Alasdair MacIntyre, also known as MacIntyre triptych: practice, narrative, and
It is focusing on everyday events, settings and activities in which the faculty of sensibility is saliently at stake. John Dewey’s (1934) the pragmatist aesthetics, stated that at a variety of circumstances the energy, feeling, and rhythm are important in every creature’s intercourse with environment in which sensibility is present. Not only for the artistic but the everyday doings and under goings that involve intensity of experience and alertness. He explored aesthetics from the subject of experience rather than from object’s status as museum collection and artworks. Besides, aesthetics involved in daily activities such as the forms of expression in face-to-face, styles and context determined interactions.
Aristotle: “Aim of Art Therapy is to present outwards appearance of things as well as inner significance.” Art Therapy or an expressive therapy is a therapy in which, through art or drawing a person expresses his feelings, emotions and thoughts. It is a process in which thinking and observation is separated. Floating thoughts of mind is called as thinking and observation is known as creation of thoughts in mind. For mentally ill patient expressing his emotions and feelings is not very easy. So this therapy helps people a lot with mental health.