Some acute kidney infections can be life threatening. The most life threatening infections are due to the infected bloodstream. When the bacteria enters the bloodstream, this is called septic emia. Marc4 The greatest way to avoid these various infections under hospital acquired infections is to keep clean and use sterile instruments in the hospitals. The bacteria will always be around, therefore one must take precaution in order to avoid the entrance of it into the
SEPSIS/SEPTIC SHOCK - 2013 Brittney Bonsall Xavier University July 27, 2015 Pathophysiology questions (50 points) Adv Nursing questions (85 points) Pharmacology (30 points) CASE PRESENTATION Emergency Department Mr. Roberts, a 72-year-old man, arrived in the emergency department unconscious, with stab wounds to the upper-right abdomen and lower-right chest that were sustained in his home while fighting off a burglar. The paramedics secured two large-bore intravenous (IV) catheters in his right and left antecubital spaces and infused Lactated Ringer’s (LR) solution wide open in both sites. An endotracheal tube was inserted, and ventilation with a resuscitation bag with 100% oxygen was begun. Pressure dressings to both wounds were secured. A 5-cm stab wound to his right lower chest and a 7.5-cm stab wound to his
Acute post-operative endophthalmitis is the most common type, which is what is seen in our patient. Statistics show that between 0.072% and 0.13% of acute endophthalmitis is caused by cataract surgeries. On the other hand, endogenous endophthalmitis is quite uncommon – only 5 in 10,000 cases. Blood-borne organisms reaching the eye via the blood-ocular barrier are what cause the infection. It is mostly seen in patients who already have complications with their immune systems, such as drug users, alcoholics, patients undergoing chemotherapy or have had an organ transplant, and patients with diseases like AIDS or diabetes,
From there, pathogens can spread up the urinary tract to the kidneys or the blood stream, so prompt diagnosis and treatment should begin for the patient (Fisher, 2015). The most common pathogen causing urinary tract infections in adolescent females are fecal flora, most commonly E coli due to the close proximity of the anus to the vaginal
The study found volunteers from State Survey Agencies to inspect ASC’s of states that volunteered for the study as well2. Seven states participated and a random sample of ASC’s was chosen from each state2. A total of 68 ASC’s were inspected and were assessed on 5 areas of infection control: hand hygiene, injection safety and medical handling, equipment reprocessing, environmental cleaning and handling of blood glucose monitoring equipment2. The results showed 46 of the 68 ASC’s had at least 1 error in infection control, and 12 of the 68 ASC’s had errors in 3 or more of the 5 assessed areas2. The study concluded that errors in infection control were
According to Ron Dagan, acute otitis media (middle ear infection) are most common in kids 3 months old to 3 years old. (Dagan p. 1). In Clinical Bacteriology of Recurrent Otitis Media with Effusion, it states, “antibiotic resistance has increased due to indiscriminate overuse and misuse of antibiotics.” The overuse of an antibiotic and/or using the wrong antibiotic to treat the sickness has made bacteria more resistant to the antibiotics. Later on in the passage, Dagan adds, “we collected nine hundred middle ear fluid samples for six hundred fifty four pediatric patients who underwent ventilation tube insertion due to OME…” “Antibiotic sensitivity tests showed that the two groups differed in sensitivity to penicillin and erythromycin, but no other antibiotics.” (Article abstract).Out of the nine hundred samples they took, the group showed the bacteria was defeated by the antibiotic penicillin and the antibiotic erythromycin but the other antibiotics didn’t touch the bacteria. The experiment showed people only two antibiotics were fighting off the bacteria.
Summary on ”Mumps outbreak 2017-is it a threat?” This article, “Mumps outbreak 2017-is it a threat?” is about the highly contagious disease (the mumps). The mumps is a disease spread by coughing, sneezing, and the contact of each other’s saliva. Being diagnosed with mumps is a risky situation for the ones surrounding the diagnosed people. The amount of people diagnosed with mumps is very less compared to the past times. Before, there were about 34,000 patients diagnosed with mumps.
Patients that have stress incontinence, notice leaking urine when coughing, sneezing, straining, exercising or with any other type of exertion. The patient can try to do Kegel exercises to help strengthen the pelvic muscles in mild cases. The primary treatment is surgery and the procedure is called a urethral bladder sling. 2. Urinary tract infection: UTI is one of the most common infections of primary care.
A total of 52 patients were enrolled, 25 in Group 1 and 27 in Group 2 (Table 1). The mean postoperative follow-up period was 18 months in Group 1 (range, 12–24 mo) and 18.2 months in Group 2 (range, 14–24 mo). In Group 1 (OD), there were 10 men and 15 women, with a mean age of 58 + 12.4 years. The vertebral level affected was L4–L5 in 14 patients (57.9%), L5–S1 in eight patients (42.1%) and double level in 3 patients. All patients in Group 1 presented with preoperative neurologenic claudication; 0% had motor deficits, 72% had sensory deficits (18 out of 25), and 40% had impaired or absent reflexes (10 out of 25).
To conclude, it is an accepted fact that ventilator-associated pneumonia is a prevalent factor in patients in the ICU. Considering its high mortality rates due to the infection by multi-drug resistant pathogens, it is necessary that the attending physicians are made aware of the serious consequences and trained in effective therapeutic interventions as well as preventive care in and out of the ICU. Works Cited Chastre, Jean, et al. “Comparison of the 7 vs 15 days of Antibiotic Therapy for Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Adults: A Randomized Trial.” JAMA (2011): 2588-2598 Koenig, Steven, M and Jonathon D Truwit. “Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention.” Clinical Microbiology Reviews (2012): 637-657.