Philippine Archipelago

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The Philippines is an archipelago that consists of 7,641 islands with a total land area of 301,780 square kilometers (116,518 sq mi). The Philippine archipelago is divided into three island groups: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. History[edit] First steps[edit] Several thousand years ago, the first settlers in the Philippines crossed shallow seas and land bridges from mainland Asia to arrive in this group of islands. These were the Negritos or Aetas related to Melanesians, Australian Aborigines and Papuans. Direct descendants of these people can still be found, especially in Negros Oriental. Several thousand years later, Austronesian settlers travelled the same route as the Negritos - but this time over sea in their impressive Balangay boats.…show more content…
As a cabeza de barangay or barangay captain, Dagohoy opposed the Spanish colonizers which were represented by priests and civil leaders, imposing payment of excessive taxes, tributes. The Manila Galleon trade made contact between the Philippines and Mexico as well as the whole of the Americas. Spaniards and Natives from the Spanish colonies settled in the Philippines and introduced their cultures which then was embraced by the Filipinos. The Philippines received heavy influence from Spain and its colonies (Today Mexico, Peru, etc.), and the archipelago became "hispanicized". Other Asians used the Manila Galleon trade to migrate to the West. During the Spanish rule, people such as the Dutch, Portuguese and British tried to colonize the country, however only the British did so. It lasted for less than two years and only in the modern-day capital: Manila. The Philippines remained a Spanish colony for over 300 years until 1899 when it was ceded by Spain to the United States following the Spanish-American…show more content…
Pre-Modern era[edit] Up until the 1960's, the Philippines were second only to Japan in terms of development in Asia. Two decades of rule by Ferdinand Marcos plunged the country into deep debt. Poverty was widespread and infrastructure for development was severely lacking. In 1986, the People Power uprising finally overthrew the Marcos government. (The EDSA Revolution - the majority of the demonstrations took place on Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, EDSA.) He was replaced by Corazon Aquino, widow of slain opposition leader, Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. Modern era[edit] Prior to the 21st century, corruption became one of the main problems of the country. The country suffered slightly in the 1997 Asian Financial crisis but led to a second EDSA which overthrew Pres. Joseph Estrada, the then Vice-President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (daughter of one of the former presidents) took his place. After her term ended in 2010, Benigno Aquino III (nicknamed "Noynoy" and "Pnoy"), son of Corazon and Benigno Aquino, Jr was elected President. Thankfully due to the hard work of the Filipinos and the Philippines being a suitable work environment for foreigners due to a large English speaking population, growth in the Philippines was fast and caught up with its
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